Dietary Fats

dietary, fat, oil, fish, avocado, nut, olive

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in nutrition to stay in shape. I read some advice from Arnold Schwarzenegger and I learned some good stuff.

Of the 3 macronutriments, fats are the nutrients that are the most dense in energy. Fat is composed of the same thing as carbohydrates (carbon, hydrogen and oxygen) but the difference is that the atoms are not linked together in the same way. Fat is in plants and animals. Oils are liquid fats. Fats are insoluble in water. Fats are organized in 3 categories:

  • Simple fats (triglycerides)
  • Compound fats (phospholipid, glucolipid, lipoprotein)
  • Derived fats (cholesterol)

Here are the 3 fat’s functions in your body:

  1. Fats are the main source of stored energy (body fat)
  2. Fats help to protect and cushion the major organs
  3. Fats have an insulator effect, preserving body heat and protecting against excessive cold.

Fat is the most dense nutrient in calories 1 pound (453gr) of fat contains 4000 calories while 1 pound (453gr) of protein or carbohydrate contains about 1800 calories.

When you do exercise and stay within your aerobic capacity, it means you don’t run out of breath, your body uses fats and carbohydrates as a source of energy at around 50/50. But if you continue, your body will use more fat than carbohydrates as a source of energy. If you train for 3 hours, your body can use fat to create 80% energy for your body.

As you could read, there is different type of fat: saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturated. These terms mean the number of hydrogen atoms attached to the molecule. Here is an analogy with a string’s ball so that it’s easier to understand. Saturated fat is like a length of string in a messy clutter. Unsaturated is like a rope with some entanglements. And polyunsaturated is like a rope carefully wrapped without the sign of a tangle. The more fat is saturated (tangled), the more likely it’s to remain in the body and clog the arteries, which increase the risk of heart disease.

There are also other factors. Diets rich in saturated fat tend to increase cholesterol levels in the blood. Health experts advise that 2/3 of your fat intake is polyunsaturated fat.

Saturated fats are found in:

  • Beef
  • Lamb
  • Pork
  • Chicken
  • Shellfish
  • Egg yolks
  • Cream
  • Milk
  • Cheese
  • Butter
  • Vegetable shortening
  • Chocolate
  • Lard

Unsaturated fats are found in:

  • Avocados
  • Cashews
  • Olives and olive oil
  • Peanuts, peanuts oil, peanut butter

Polyunsaturated fats are found in:

  • Almonds
  • Cottonseed oil
  • Margarine (usually)
  • Pecans
  • Sunflower oil
  • Corn oil
  • Fish
  • Mayonnaise
  • Safflower oil
  • Soybean oil
  • Walnuts

Essential Fatty Acids

fatty, acid, saturated, unsaturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, omega,3,6,9,linolenic, linoleic, cla, gla, arachidonic, epa, dha, oleic, lauric, myristic,palmitic, stearic

Essential fatty acids are inevitable in a healthy diet because your body can’t create it itself- That’s why it’s essential that you eat foods containing essential fatty acids. It’s a shame because many bodybuilders have low fat diets and they develop deficiencies in dietary fat. Fortunately there are foods and supplements that provide “good fats” to avoid this extreme. Here are some examples:

Fish oil

Instead of eating low-fat fish, test salmon, trout or mackerel. Fish oil is needed by organs, especially the brain. You can also take fish oils as supplements.

Polyunsaturated vegetable oil

In vegetable oils, there are 2 acids that are valuable: linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Supermarket oils such as corn oil, sunflower oil and safflower oil don’t contain linoleic acid. Soybean oil is the only supermarket oil containing linoleic acid but you need ot pay attention to GMO. For linolenic acid, you can find that in linseed oil, walnut oil, pumpkin seed oil.

Monounsaturated fatty acids

There are the most harmless fatty acids compared to some polyunsaturated fatty acids because they don’t affect your cholesterol or your prostaglandins (regulators of the hormones action). Monounsaturated fatty acids are found in olive oil and macadamia nuts.

Supplements of fatty acid

These supplements contain essential fatty acids from fish oils and other sources.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .

Teenager’s training (Part 1)

jamcore dz teenager training program

There is a video in 3 parts of JamCore DZ (french video) about teenager’s training I would have liked to have seen when I was 14-15 years . I want to share this with you.

How teens can develop their muscles ? The first thing is that they must be good into their heads. If they’re good into their head that will influence their body and if the body is good this will affect morale.

I know a young neighborhood who wants to lift weights but his parents worry because his body hasn’t finished developing. JamCore DZ trained a 11 years old teenager for 1 year and a half. Results were excellent and since he offers a special training for teenagers.

Nutrition

eat healthy

Before explaining exercises, you must learn to eat well. Without a proper diet, there are no results. Parents can also read this article because they’re the example for their children.

Everything starts in food, without energy we can’t operate. Every food affects us in a different way, that’s why it’s very important to clean our environment. We need to eat healthy food because food industry is destroying us with sugar. Sugar is the enemy # 1

Avoid to eat anything that contains sugar as soda, cereal, fast food, white bread, chocolate and sauces. Even « Fitness » cereals are full of sugar, it’s a scam. The first thing to remove from your diet is sugar.

Latest studies in the US have shown that the rates of obesity and diabetes in the Middle East countries will exceed those of the United States in 5-6 years.

The Plan

plan

The plan is to have the good food to have the good energy for school and etc. When you feel good, your behaviour is good. When you don’t feel good, you get depressed and you can’t express yourself and when you can’t express yourself, you make yourself hit by other students. Good food = good energy !

Breakfast

  • Whole wheat bread. Stop white bread because of sugar.

  • Homade peanut butter ( peanut + blender)

  • Natural homemade jam (fruit in a saucepan)

  • Muesli without sugar

  • natural organic milk (you have to look a little to avoid milk with hormones. Industrial milk create lactose intolerance)

  • Eggs

  • Fruits

  • Oatmeal

Snack for recreation

  • An natural organic yoghurt without sugar and fruit

Lunch

  • Brown pasta or rice

  • White meat

  • Fruits

  • Salad with olive oil

Snack for 16h (4pm)

  • An natural organic yoghurt without sugar and fruit

Dinner

  • White meat or fish

  • Vegetables

  • Baked potato

  • Brown pasta or rice

In these meals you can add good fat such as olive oil, coconut oil or avocado.

For a small budget, we must stay focus on pasta/rice, vegetables, white meat, eggs, fish (tuna), fruit, whole wheat bread, oatmeal, olive oil, yogurt.

For overweight parents, no rice/paste in the evening. Only white meat and vegetables in the evening.

The only thing to drin :: WATER ! Because 75% of the body is water ! This is not soda full of sugar.

In Part 2, I will talk about training.

What was your breakfast ?

-Steph