Dietary Fats

dietary, fat, oil, fish, avocado, nut, olive

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in nutrition to stay in shape. I read some advice from Arnold Schwarzenegger and I learned some good stuff.

Of the 3 macronutriments, fats are the nutrients that are the most dense in energy. Fat is composed of the same thing as carbohydrates (carbon, hydrogen and oxygen) but the difference is that the atoms are not linked together in the same way. Fat is in plants and animals. Oils are liquid fats. Fats are insoluble in water. Fats are organized in 3 categories:

  • Simple fats (triglycerides)
  • Compound fats (phospholipid, glucolipid, lipoprotein)
  • Derived fats (cholesterol)

Here are the 3 fat’s functions in your body:

  1. Fats are the main source of stored energy (body fat)
  2. Fats help to protect and cushion the major organs
  3. Fats have an insulator effect, preserving body heat and protecting against excessive cold.

Fat is the most dense nutrient in calories 1 pound (453gr) of fat contains 4000 calories while 1 pound (453gr) of protein or carbohydrate contains about 1800 calories.

When you do exercise and stay within your aerobic capacity, it means you don’t run out of breath, your body uses fats and carbohydrates as a source of energy at around 50/50. But if you continue, your body will use more fat than carbohydrates as a source of energy. If you train for 3 hours, your body can use fat to create 80% energy for your body.

As you could read, there is different type of fat: saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturated. These terms mean the number of hydrogen atoms attached to the molecule. Here is an analogy with a string’s ball so that it’s easier to understand. Saturated fat is like a length of string in a messy clutter. Unsaturated is like a rope with some entanglements. And polyunsaturated is like a rope carefully wrapped without the sign of a tangle. The more fat is saturated (tangled), the more likely it’s to remain in the body and clog the arteries, which increase the risk of heart disease.

There are also other factors. Diets rich in saturated fat tend to increase cholesterol levels in the blood. Health experts advise that 2/3 of your fat intake is polyunsaturated fat.

Saturated fats are found in:

  • Beef
  • Lamb
  • Pork
  • Chicken
  • Shellfish
  • Egg yolks
  • Cream
  • Milk
  • Cheese
  • Butter
  • Vegetable shortening
  • Chocolate
  • Lard

Unsaturated fats are found in:

  • Avocados
  • Cashews
  • Olives and olive oil
  • Peanuts, peanuts oil, peanut butter

Polyunsaturated fats are found in:

  • Almonds
  • Cottonseed oil
  • Margarine (usually)
  • Pecans
  • Sunflower oil
  • Corn oil
  • Fish
  • Mayonnaise
  • Safflower oil
  • Soybean oil
  • Walnuts

Essential Fatty Acids

fatty, acid, saturated, unsaturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, omega,3,6,9,linolenic, linoleic, cla, gla, arachidonic, epa, dha, oleic, lauric, myristic,palmitic, stearic

Essential fatty acids are inevitable in a healthy diet because your body can’t create it itself- That’s why it’s essential that you eat foods containing essential fatty acids. It’s a shame because many bodybuilders have low fat diets and they develop deficiencies in dietary fat. Fortunately there are foods and supplements that provide “good fats” to avoid this extreme. Here are some examples:

Fish oil

Instead of eating low-fat fish, test salmon, trout or mackerel. Fish oil is needed by organs, especially the brain. You can also take fish oils as supplements.

Polyunsaturated vegetable oil

In vegetable oils, there are 2 acids that are valuable: linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Supermarket oils such as corn oil, sunflower oil and safflower oil don’t contain linoleic acid. Soybean oil is the only supermarket oil containing linoleic acid but you need ot pay attention to GMO. For linolenic acid, you can find that in linseed oil, walnut oil, pumpkin seed oil.

Monounsaturated fatty acids

There are the most harmless fatty acids compared to some polyunsaturated fatty acids because they don’t affect your cholesterol or your prostaglandins (regulators of the hormones action). Monounsaturated fatty acids are found in olive oil and macadamia nuts.

Supplements of fatty acid

These supplements contain essential fatty acids from fish oils and other sources.

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-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .

Fruits are bad for our body ?

fruits

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and there is good stuff.

Most of fruits comes from trees, it’s for this reason they’re healthy foods. But they’re also composed of sugar and sugar is a bad new for our body. Let’s see.

Healthy

healthy

Fruits and vegetables are planet’s plants that are full of vitamins, minerals, antioxidant and even more.

Fruits are also composed of sugar that is why we’ll enter in the sugar’s science.

A fruit can have a combination of different sugar’s type :e sucre :

  • Fructose

  • Glucose

  • Sucrose (a combination of fructose and glucose)

This combination of sugar that grow with the fruit have a different effect in our body than processed sugar and high-fructose corn syrup.

The difference is fruit’s sugar has fibers and these fibers help our body to slow absorption of sugar in our blood system .

Fruits have a lot of things good for our body and eat them for snack or before a training is excellent.

Fruits can also be part of our healthy meals each day.

Caution

caution

When a person changes diet, an old unhealthy diet with a lot of calories and sugar for a new healthy diet with a lot of proteins and plants, this person may feel lost. Since our bodies have been sugar-dependent easily because of food industry, we must be careful.

When we want sugar, we should think to a fruit rather than a candy. By this way, we give a signal to our brain « Yeah sugar ».

On the other hand to not slow down your weight loss process, don’t eat more than 1000 calories of fruits per day. Burn more calories than you consume is the most important part to lose weight.

Since than food industry put a ton of sugar in fruits, we must be careful to not become sugar addicts. Eat fruits in moderation.

Fruit juice

fruit juice supermarket

I show you the scam ! It’s sugar water (apple juice, orange juice, grape juice, etc.). When fruits are squeezed in factories, there is all sugars but not fibers. And they add preservatives, another type of sugar for flavor and a lot of others ingredients. The scam is that food industry try to make us believe that is healthy fruit juices.

Here, 4 fruit juices, the most popular with the typical amount of sugar inside :

  • Orange juice – 21g of sugar
  • Apple juice – 28g of sugar
  • Cranberry juice – 37g of sugar
  • Grap juice – 38g of sugar

Make a comparison, a 33cl (12oz) of Coke contains 49g of sugar. These numbers are interesting, right ? Do you see the scam ?

Dried fruits

dried fruit

Dried fruits keep healthy vitamins and healthy minerals from fresh fruits and it’s very convenient to carry. It’s convenient for snacks but you have to eat if really with moderation.

We can eat a huge amount of dried fruits because they’re dehydrated then they take less space in the stomac than fresh fruits. The results is than we can have an overconsumption of sugar and calories very quickly.

A tiny handful (a small quarter of cup) of dried grape = 130 calories and 30g of sugar.

Tips

Eat dried fruits to a limited amount and avoid fruit juice unless you squeeze it yourself.

If you’re healthy, continue to eat fruits like you do if it works.

If it’s hard to lose weight and you eat a lot of fruits in your diet, increase your consumption of healthy lipid, protein, vegetable and decrease your consumption of fruits.

If you want to lose weight, eat real fruits in moderation and rarely dried fruits and canned fruits.

I know you’re smart then appreciate fruits and be aware of what you eat.

What is your favorite fruit and what is the fruit you eat in large quantities easily ?

-Steph

P.S. Do you want a free training program ? Click here 

Smartphone apps :

To track my calories, I use MyFitnessPal 

To track my training program, I use Jefit