Techniques To Learn Quickly And Efficiently Based On Science (Part 1)

learn to learn

I watched an Olivier Roland’s video  and I learned good stuff.

I discovered that there were techniques to learn quickly and effectively based on science. These are things I didn’t learn at school and I think it’s the same for you.

The concept of the school system is to teach you how to memorize and use your new knowledge « at best » in new situations. It means that the school prepares you « at best » for your life. In fact, you prepared to have the minimum in your life.

You can spend 20 years or more in school and the school never teach you to learn. In fact, you only memorize for your exams.

it’s true that school can’t do everything so if the school doesn’t teach us to learn, we’ll learn that elsewhere. Here are some simple tips and tricks to learn effectively. These are things that help you improve your ability to learn to have more success in your life.

There are several universal skills you need to train to have an excellent learning ability :

Long-term memory

Learning how to properly memorize things you need or want to learn allows you to memorize more easily and for longer. Having an elephant memory is really handy.

Working memory

Working memory is where you download the element of your long-term memory to process them.

Ability to focus

Improving your ability to focus allows you to focus on something without being distracted. This improves your productivity and allows you to truly experience the present moment.

Will

Improve your will allows you to have the strength to reach your goals without self-sabotage. For example, you make a diet and your will allows you not to eat chocolate cake or you have a workout program and your will allows you not to play video games every days.

Motivation

Learning what motivates you and keeping this flame of motivation allows you to be more motivated than 80 % of people. Motivation means having more energy, more enthusiasm and more creativity in all that you do.

Know that there is good news. You can improve all these skills with tools and method in mode 20/80 (Pareto’s law).

Case study

case study

In 2008, researchers from the University of Bern in Switzerland and the University of Michigan in the United States found something revolutionary. What they discovered is that it’s possible to significantly increase our fluid intelligence. Let’s make a comeback in the past. In 1970, psychologists Raymond Cattel and John L. Horn found a concept that accepted by the majority of psychologists. This concept is that our intelligence divided into 2 main categories : fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence.

Fluid intelligence is our raw intellect. This means that it’s our ability to think logically and solve problems in new situations.

Crystallized intelligence is our intelligence regarding our skills our knowledge and our experience.

Before 2008, researchers thought it was impossible to improve our fluid intelligence. These researchers believed that fluid intelligence was innate and that the crystallized intelligence was tied to what we learn.

In 2008, Dr Jaeggi and a researchers team created a software designed to train working memory and tested it on 70 people divided into 4 groups.

Here the scientific study .

The groups used this software 20 minutes a day for 8 to 19 days. They passed an IQ test before training with the software and after training with the software. The results compared to 4 other groups that hadn’t used this software.

The results were extremely surprising. All the people who have used this software have had a better IQ test. Here is the detail of the test result :

  • Fluid intelligence increased on average by 40 %.

  • The increase of fluid intelligence is directly related to the time going on to train with this software. People who trained for 19 days had increased their fluid intelligence 4 times more than those who trained for 8 days.

This show us that we can train our working memory as we can train our physical strength and endurance by doing sport.

This is what this software does, it trains our working memory. We use our working memory to count, read, play chess, think and so on. We can train our working memory as a muscle.

This is the end of Part 1. In Part 2, we’ll see how to concretely improve our intelligence.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Drinking Water But How Much

drink water

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and I wanted to share this with you.

As you know we have to drink water to stay hydrated but how much ?

8 glasses of water per day

8 glasses of water

Water is good for you. A big part of your body is composed of water and you lose your fluids with your bodily functions (sweat, urine, etc.). Drinking water helps you to restore your fluid reserves.

Drink 8 glasses of water a day isn’t a rule. The truth is that there is no real evidence that this is the right amount.

We are all unique and we need different amounts of water ! A person who exercises regularly will need more water than a person doing less exercise regularly. There is not a single amount that works for all of the world.

Where did this figure of « 8 glasses of water a day ». Nobody knows. According to Snopes

Back in 1945 the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council stated that adults should take in about 2.5 liters of water per day (which is roughly the equivalent of eight glasses of water), but it also noted most of that intake level was already satisfied through the consumption of food without the need for the additional drinking of water.

It’s true that you consume a significant amount of water in your food. A large percentage of our body is made of water, a large percentage of the planet is made of water and it’s the same thing for food. (Fruits, vegetables, meat).

There is also something else to drink such as tea, coffee, milk, juice and alcohol.

How much water

how much water

Honestly ? Drink when you’re thirsty, it’s simple. Thirst is an excellent indicator of when you should drink more water. You think cats, dogs, elephants are concerned about whether they are hydrated. No ! They drink water when their body thirst.

If you are one of those who need more information, you can look at your urine’s color. With this chart  according to of your urine’s color, you will know your hydration’s level.

Now, what are the dehydration’s signs according to the National Institute of Health (USA) :

  • A feeling of thirst

  • Dry or sticky mouth

  • Low production of urine or the urine is dark yellow

  • Sunken eyes

  • Lethargy

Yes, severe dehydration can create big problems, even coma.

Now you’ll tell me : « If I feel thirsty, it’s too late, I’m already dehydrated ! ». You’re right, this is why you must drink water.

Coffee

cofee

There is the myth that drinking coffee dehydrates. It’s true that drinking caffeinated beverages expel more water than you consume. Caffeine is a mild diuretic but the body is very smart and because all drinks are composed almost entirely of water, it compensates the effects.

This is explained in this study 

Ingestion of caffeine in large doses (at least 250-300 mg, equivalent to the amount found in 2-3 cups of coffee or 5-8 cups of tea) results in a short-term stimulation of urine output in individuals who have been deprived of caffeine for a period of days or weeks. A profound tolerance to the diuretic and other effects of caffeine develops, however, and the actions are much diminished in individuals who regularly consume tea or coffee. Doses of caffeine equivalent to the amount normally found in standard servings of tea, coffee and carbonated soft drinks appear to have no diuretic action.

Alcohol

Same thing. Alcohol has diuretic properties. Alcohol causes dehydration when it is consumed beyond the recommended levels.

What to do

what to do

Water allows you to keep functional properties of your body so drink water when you have a feeling of thirst. Drink water before a meal can help you to avoid overeating. If it works for you, continue.

  • Drink when you have a feeling of thirst

  • If your urine is a darker color than the normal color, drink more water. If your urine is a brighter color than the normal color, drink less water.

  • Stop stressing about your dehydration intellectually

Do you have other questions about water ?

-Steph