Heat Illness

heat illness

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in biomechanics to avoid injuries. I read « Sport Medicine Media Guide » and I learned some good stuff.

Every summer, hundreds of people experience sun-related illnesses and heat. Being prepared and hydrated avoids theses situations.

Why

When an athlete exercises, his/her body temperature increase and the body sweats to cool the body. During this process, body fluids and electrolytes are lost. If the boy is not recharged with fluids and electrolytes, it’s dehydration and it increase the risk of heat illness as a heat stroke.

Symptoms

Symptoms are :

  • Chills

  • Dark colored urine

  • Dry mouth

  • Headaches

  • Thirst

  • Weakness

If the heat illness progress, there are more serious symptoms like :

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Body temperature increasing to dangerous levels

  • Muscle cramps

  • Nausea

  • Tingling of the limbs

  • Death

How to prevent

The most effective treatments for heat illness are :

  • Proper training for the heat

  • Fluid replacement before, during, and after exertion

  • Appropriate clothing (light colored, loose fitting and limited to one layer)

  • Early recognition via direct monitoring of athlete by other players, coaches and medical staff

  • Monitoring the intensity of physical activity appropriate for fitness and how an athlete has acclimated to conditions.

  • If possible, having an athletic trainer on site during events and practices to properly prevent and treat heat illnesses.

In situations where the training program is intense or during a trip in a hot climate, an athlete should limit the intensity and duration of the training session. Thereafter, the athlete will increase the training’s intensity for a period of 7-14 days to allow to the body, the time to adjust to the climate and environmental conditions. For athletes with respiratory, gastrointestinal or other diseases, they should especially evaluate these new conditions.

When an athlete should hydrate

hydrate

It’s necessary to hydrate before, during and after a training session. Drinking 47cl (16 ounces) of water is recommended 1 hour before exercises. Hydration should continue with 11-23cl (4-8 ounces) of water every 15-20 minutes throughout the effort

There is a trick to track the hydration’s level is to weigh before and after a physical activity. If the athlete is lighter after a physical activity, this means that there a deficit of fluids (indicated by weight loss) and it’s necessary to recharge them. For the next physical activity, it will be essential to drink more to evaluate the losses (perspiration). An athlete who loses more than 2-3% of his/her bodyweight during exercise may decrease the performance and the body’s physiological function.

If the athlete is heavier after a physical activity, it means that there is a surplus of fluids (indicated by gain weight). For the next physical activity, it will be essential to drink less to evaluate the surplus.

How to treat it

When you see signs of heat illness or heat stroke, it may be an imminent danger of death. It’s necessary that a person immediately call for medical assistance while you’re cooling the person at risk.

Treatment included :

  • Getting the athlete to a shaded area

  • If it heat stroke, cool the athlete rapidly using cold water immersion. If immersion is not available you may use spray from a hose, cold water sponging, or placing cold towels over the entire body

  • Monitoring body temperature

  • Providing cool beverage if possible (i.e., if the athlete doesn’t have altered consciousness).

  • Getting medical assistance as soon as possible.

Heat exhaustion is a type of heat illness that can happen after several days of exposure to high temperature and improper or unbalanced fluid recharging.

Statistics

  • Heat stroke is a type of serious illness related to heat. It can cause death to athletes and this is probably the leading cause of athlete death during the months of July and August.

  • The body produces 1.8 liters (a half of gallon) of perspiration to cool the body every hour. If there are not enough fluids or the heat is overwhelming the body, the person may develop heat-related illness.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here.

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Explanation Of The Challenge And Data

challenge

I have just enrolled in a Data Science course on Udemy  and I learned good stuff.

This is the 1st challenge. Use your web browser to go to superdatascience website  to download a data set. In the « Part 1 Visualization » section, click on « Offices Supplies » to download the file « OfficeSupplies.csv ».

data csv file

To organize myself, I created a folder « Visualization » with 3 subfolders. Each subfolder corresponds to the section of « Visualization ». I put the data set « OfficeSupplies.csv » in the 1st subfolder.

data csv file

« OfficeSuplies.csv » is a CSV file. A CSV file is a text file that represents an table but the elements separated by comma.

You can open this CSV file with NotePad++  for PC or with Sublime Text  for Mac.

On the 1st line (column title), we see that we have 6 columns. Each column separated by a comma and the file contains 44 lines.

data csv file

You can also open a CSV file with Excel, OpenOffice  or LibreOffice  to have a table, which is easier to read.

To open a CSV file with Excel, here are the instructions :

  • Open a blank workbook

  • Go to Data tab

  • Click button « From Text » in the general external data section

  • Select your CSV file

  • Follow the Text Import Wizard (in step 2, select the delimiter of your text).

data csv file

This data set contains data from a store that sells office equipment :

  • Order date – date of sale

  • Region – The store is in 3 region (East, Central and West)

  • Rep – salesperson’s first name

  • Item – product’s name

  • Units – product’s quantity

  • Unit Price – price per unit

Each line shows how many sales there were for a product.

The challenge is to help the manager to know who made the most sales per region in the period of this data set. The period of this data set is from July 2014 to June 2015.

The person who made the most sales in each region has a bonus and there are 3 bonus so 1 bonus per region.

It’s will this challenge that we’ll use Tableau Public.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

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Weighted Decline Crunch

weighted decline crunch

Today was the abs – back – biceps session, it was especially cool because in July, the gym is almost empty. There is an abs exercise I do after the planck, it’s the weighted decline crunch.

For this exercise I use a dumbbell of 30kg (66lbs), right now. Not easy this crunch version but it’s effective. At first, I started with a disk but it will up to 20kg (44lbs).

The crunch works the rectus abdominis muscles and a muscular midsection limits the backache. This exercise also helps you to not having a big belly if you have a good diet.

weighted decline crunch

Sets the bench, take the weight and put your feet in the supports

Lie down on your back, put the weight on your chest or hold out your arms.

Inspire, blocks your breath and contract your abs to take off your upper body up until you make a 90° angle with your hips.

Back to the start position by controlling the descent.

This exercise mainly works the rectus and obliques a little bit.

And you ? Do you have an abs exercise with weights ?

-Steph

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2015 NPC NORTHEAST SUMMER CLASSIC

2015 NPC SUMMER CLASSIC

On July 11th, a competition held at the Westchester County Center, White Plains, New York. Organized by the NPC (National Physic Committee) is a opportunity to discover new champions and it’s always interesting to discover new athletes. I will not show you all the results because the list is long and there are alot of classes. You will see more details yourself by clicking this link:http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_northeast_summer_classic/

In this competition, there were : Men’s Bodybuilding, Men’s Physique, Women’s Physique, Figure and Bikini

Men’s Bodybuilding

Novice Overall Winner

LUIS JIMENEZ

Luis Jimenez

Overall Winner

ANTHONY SINGE

Anthony Singe

GUEST POSER 

VICTOR MARTINEZ

Victor Martinez

JUAN MOREL
KEVIN ENGLISH

SUPER HEAVYWEIGHT

KEVIN WITKOWSKI

Kevin Witkowski

HEAVYWEIGHT

1. MARK CRUZ

Mark Cruz
2. THOMAS LONG
3. ROB VAN SANT
4. ANTHONY VIGLIETT

LIGHT HEAVYWEIGHT

1 ANTHONY SINGE
2. NICHOLAS LONGOBARDI
3. PAUL STIEGLER
4. CHRISTIAN AQUINO
5. FRANKIE AHMEMULIC

MIDDLEWEIGHT

1DOMINICK MUTASCIO

Dominick Mutascio
2. JUSTIN RANDALL
3. AARON SEATON
4. BRENDAN HILLER
5. SEGUNDO PEREZ

MEN’S PHYSIQUE

Novice Overall Winner

BAXTER LINN

Baxter Linn

Overall Winner

BAXTER LINN

CLASS A

1. BAXTER LINN
2. ANTHONY GRANITTO
3. MARCUS PRICE
4. ALBERT WIJAYA
5. PHIL MASI

CLASS B

1. JOSEPH SCARINCI

Joseph Scarinci
2. JOE CORDEIRA
3. EVAN-TERRY BENJAMIN
4. BRIAN JOHNSON
5. RUBEN ETIENNE

FIGURE

Novice Overall

TATIANA ESPADA

Tatiana Espada

Overall Winner

TATIANA ESPADA

CLASS A

1. TATIANA ESPADA
2. TOOTSIE BOCINO
3. NELLY MAIER
4. LAUREN FISCHER
5. CHRISTINA RIVERA
6. KATHRYN COUILLOU
7. EBONY CUNNINGHAM
8. KATHLEEN GIRLING

CLASS B

1. LAURA MILLER

Laura Miller
2. RITA SINGH
3. VICTORIA TOLBERT-ASHLEY
4. IRENE CHERNYAK
5. SHERRI HOLTEN
6. JULIA FROEHLICH
7. TIRZAH GONZALEZ
8. COREY SCHADECK
9. VALERIE DENSMORE

WOMEN’S PHYSIQUE

GUEST POSER

JULIANA MALACARNE

Juliana Malacarne

1. ROBYN MAYS

Robyn Mays
2. MARCI MOSKOWITZ

MASTERS

1. ROBYN MAYS
2. KYLIE IVORY

BIKINI

Novice Overall Winner

JESSICA ROWELL

Jessica Rowell

Overall Winner

JESSICA ROWELL

CLASS A

1. ELIZABETH CARRILLO-ABARCA

Elizabeth Carrillo-Abarca
2. ANGELA DEROSSO
3. TIFFANY CHO
4. BRITTANY RAVO
5. NINA CHAHINE

CLASS B

1. KRYSTEN WONDRACK

Krysten Wondrack
2. ELLEN CHAPLEAU
3. REBECCA ROJAS
4. DIANA VOGEL
5. DIANA AKSYONOVA

-Steph

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2015 NPC NORTHEAST SUMMER CLASSIC

2015 NPC SUMMER CLASSIC

Le 11 juillet une compétition a eu lieu au Westchester County Center,White Plains à New York. Organisé par le NPC (National Physic Commitee), c’est l’occasion de découvrir les nouveaux champions et c’est toujours intéressants de découvrir de nouveaux athlètes. Je ne vais pas vous montrer tous les résultats parce que la liste est longue et il y a beaucoups de catégories, vous verrez par vous même en cliquant sur ce lien : http://contests.npcnewsonline.com/contests/2015/npc_northeast_summer_classic/

Durant cette compétition il y avait les catégories : Men’s Bodybuilding, Men’s Physique, Women’s Physique, Figure et Bikini

Men’s Bodybuilding

Novice Overall Winner

LUIS JIMENEZ

Luis Jimenez

Overall Winner

ANTHONY SINGE

Anthony Singe

GUEST POSER

VICTOR MARTINEZ

Victor Martinez

JUAN MOREL
KEVIN ENGLISH

 

SUPER HEAVYWEIGHT

KEVIN WITKOWSKI

Kevin Witkowski

HEAVYWEIGHT

1. MARK CRUZ

Mark Cruz
2. THOMAS LONG
3. ROB VAN SANT
4. ANTHONY VIGLIETT

LIGHT HEAVYWEIGHT

1 ANTHONY SINGE

Anthony Singe
2. NICHOLAS LONGOBARDI
3. PAUL STIEGLER
4. CHRISTIAN AQUINO
5. FRANKIE AHMEMULIC

MIDDLEWEIGHT

1DOMINICK MUTASCIO

Dominick Mutascio
2. JUSTIN RANDALL
3. AARON SEATON
4. BRENDAN HILLER
5. SEGUNDO PEREZ

MEN’S PHYSIQUE

Novice Overall Winner

BAXTER LINN

Baxter Linn

Overall Winner

BAXTER LINN

CLASS A

1. BAXTER LINN
2. ANTHONY GRANITTO
3. MARCUS PRICE
4. ALBERT WIJAYA
5. PHIL MASI

CLASS B

1. JOSEPH SCARINCI

Joseph Scarinci
2. JOE CORDEIRA
3. EVAN-TERRY BENJAMIN
4. BRIAN JOHNSON
5. RUBEN ETIENNE

FIGURE

Novice Overall

TATIANA ESPADA

Tatiana Espada

Overall Winner

TATIANA ESPADA

CLASS A

1. TATIANA ESPADA
2. TOOTSIE BOCINO
3. NELLY MAIER
4. LAUREN FISCHER
5. CHRISTINA RIVERA
6. KATHRYN COUILLOU
7. EBONY CUNNINGHAM
8. KATHLEEN GIRLING

CLASS B

1. LAURA MILLER

Laura Miller
2. RITA SINGH
3. VICTORIA TOLBERT-ASHLEY
4. IRENE CHERNYAK
5. SHERRI HOLTEN
6. JULIA FROEHLICH
7. TIRZAH GONZALEZ
8. COREY SCHADECK
9. VALERIE DENSMORE

WOMEN’S PHYSIQUE

GUEST POSER

JULIANA MALACARNE

Juliana Malacarne

1. ROBYN MAYS

Robyn Mays
2. MARCI MOSKOWITZ

MASTERS

1. ROBYN MAYS
2. KYLIE IVORY

BIKINI

Novice Overall Winner

JESSICA ROWELL

Jessica Rowell

Overall Winner

JESSICA ROWELL

CLASS A

1. ELIZABETH CARRILLO-ABARCA

Elizabeth Carrillo-Abarca
2. ANGELA DEROSSO
3. TIFFANY CHO
4. BRITTANY RAVO
5. NINA CHAHINE

CLASS B

1. KRYSTEN WONDRACK

Krysten Wondrack
2. ELLEN CHAPLEAU
3. REBECCA ROJAS
4. DIANA VOGEL
5. DIANA AKSYONOVA

-Steph

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