What Words To Know In The Fitness (Part 2)

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This part of what words to know in the fitness is more about diet and nutrition. If you didn’t read the first part, click here.

Healthy

  1. A healthy body has a lot of energy and strength. This means that the body doesn’t have any dysfunction, damage, illness or pain.
  2. Something healthy can be emotional, mental or physical

Hormone

A hormone is a chemical. Body fluids or blood carry it to organs and cells for a specific function.

Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a material soft and waxy in body tissues. It’s an essential element to create cells and different hormones.

Food

Food is a physical thing. The body absorbs it and uses nutrients to provide the energy and growth needed.

Diet

  1. A diet is the food and drinks food ingested by an individual.
  2. A diet is a certain plan for managing a person’s food and drink. This plan has a specific goal such as gaining/losing weight or others.

Nourish

To nourish is the act of bringing food or other materials to help the body to be healthy and growing.

Nutrition

Nutrition is the mechanism to nourish the body. It’s helpful to be healthy by creating and changing tissues.

Nutrient

A nutrient is a material. An organism needs it to stay alive and grow.

Macronutrient

A macronutrient is a nutritional component in a huge amount needed for a diet. It is usually composed of carbohydrates, fat, minerals (magnesium, zinc, etc) and protein.

Vitamin

A vitamin is a materiel. An organism needs it for cells can work and grow.

Mineral

A mineral is a natural material without carbon from the earth. There are several such as zinc, magnesium, sodium, potassium, etc. The body needs minerals to create hormones, regulate the heartbeat, or produce bones. They are essential for many physiological functions.

Sugar

Sugar is a carbohydrate in the sweet category. It comes from fruits, grains, plants, and other sources.

Glucose

Glucose is sugar. It is available in nature and is an essential source of energy. Glucose composed of several carbohydrates

Blood Sugar

  1. Blood sugar is glucose in the blood
  2. Blood sugar is the accumulation of glucose in the blood. The method of measurement is in milligrams of glucose per 100 milliliters of blood.

Sucrose

Sucrose is a sugar. It is available in nature from plants, sugarcane or sugar beets. Sucrose is usually called table sugar.

Fructose

Fructose is a sugar in the sweet category. It comes from fruits and honey. The liver turns fructose into glucose and puts it in the blood.

Galactose

Galactose is a sugar. It comes from dairy products. Besides, it has the same process as fructose with the liver.

Lactose

Lactose is a sugar. It comes from milk.

Glycogen

Glycogen is a carbohydrate. It comes from the liver and muscle tissue. It stores energy and transforms that energy into glucose for the needs of the body.

Simple Carbohydrate

A simple carbohydrate is a carbohydrate. It decomposes fast into glucose for the body’s needs. In the simple carbohydrate category, you can find sucrose fructose or lactose.

Complex Carbohydrate

A complex carbohydrate is a carbohydrate. It’s a simple carbohydrate chain. Not to mention the fact that it takes time to decompose into glucose.

In the complex carbohydrate category, you can find vegetables, whole grains or beans.

Starch

Starch is a complex carbohydrate. It comes from vegetables and fruits. This is also used in certain food to thicken them.

Fiber

Fiber is a carbohydrate. It comes from foods such as grains, legumes, vegetables or fruits.

Insulin

Insulin is a hormone. It comes from the pancreas and during eating, it released in the blood. Insulin helps fat tissue, organs, and muscle to store and use the food’s nutrients.

Index

An index is a structure for organizing information. This allows to analyze it and compare it to different information.

Glycemic Index

The glycemic index (GI) is a numeric structure. It lists the rate at which the body turns food into glucose. This food classification is a scale from 0 to 100 based on the influence of food on blood glucose.

55 and under on the index is low. 56 to 69 on the index is medium. 70 and above on the index is high.

The fact than the liver transforms fast the simple carbohydrates, they have a high GI level. White potato has 82,.white rice has 89, white bread has 71, and sucrose has 65.

In contrast, the liver transforms slower the complex carbohydrate. That’s why they have a low IG level. Whole grain pasta has 42, peanuts have 7, black beans have 30, and apples have 39.

Fatty Acid

A fatty acid is an acid. It comes from fat or oil from plants and animals

Essential Fatty Acid

An essential fatty acid is an acid. It’s crucial for human beings because the body can’t create it. Foods provide it.

Saturated Fat

Saturated fat is fat. It can be solid at room temperature. It comes from plants and animals. Not to mention you can find it in palm kernel oil, cottonseed oil, coconut oil, lard, butter, cheese, cream, and meat.

Unsaturated Fat

Unsaturated fat is fat. It can be liquid at room temperature. It comes from plants and animals. You can find it in fish, oils vegetable, nuts, and avocado.

Trans Fatty Acid

Trans fatty acid is an unsaturated fatty acid. It’s available in nature and in an artificial way. You can find it in processed foods such as frozen dinners, ice cream, fast food, pastries, and cereals. Foods with “hydrogenated oil” have trans fatty acids.

Milligram

One milligram is a metric unit of weight. 1000 milligram is one gram.

Milliliter

One milliliter is a metric unit of capacity. 1000 milliliters is one liter. One liter is about 4.2 cups.

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-Steph

Protein (Part 3)

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Before read Part 3, be sure you read Part 1  and Part 2 .

Protein supplements

In training program, there is always a nutritional plan because to build muscle lifting weights isn’t enough. The good quantity of protein in relation to your bodyweight is an extremely important element. But as you’ve noticed, it’s difficult to eat enough protein without eating too much fat. Protein supplements are a solution.

Protein supplements can increase protein intake without increasing the fat’s amount in your body and ease protein intake several times a day. Eating several times a day is essential for a bodybuilder and having tips to make it easier is appreciated.

There is an incredible variety of protein supplements and they really have a dessert’s taste. What’s interesting is that they’re more and more rich in nutrients with vitamins and minerals and in macronutrients with proteins and carbohydrates. Find a protein supplement that meets your nutritional needs and tastes can be a help in your nutritional plan.

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As there is an incredible amount of protein supplement, there are several things to check to help you choose. First, reading the label is important because there are some that really contain too much carbohydrate. It’s good to know that carbohydrate improve the conversion of food protein to muscle protein but an excess of carbohydrate creates an excess of calories which prevents your body from easily burning fat. Therefore, it’s necessary to count the number of carbohydrate on the label.

Second, protein supplement that is consumed pure, without a meal or without carbohydrate, isn’t metabolized effectively. Research shows that for the protein to be used for protein synthesis, it must be consumed with calories, especially those from carbohydrate. Otherwise protein and used as energy production.

On the other hand, if you’re on a low carbohydrate diet and you increase your protein intake for energy (to compensate the lack of carbohydrates), it may be a good idea.

Third, the protein source of protein supplements comes from 3 foods :

  • Milk protein (whey, milk protein concentrate and caseinate)
  • Egg protein
  • Soy protein

All these proteins are of high quality. For the moment, no scientific studies show that there is one protein better than the other. Protein supplements made from milk and eggs are the most popular among bodybuilders. Soy protein has a specificity because it can reduce serum cholesterol rate in some people. This may be advisable for people with cholesterol problems but it’s careful because it’s possible to find a lot of GMOs in soy.

It’s important to remember that protein supplements aren’t created to be the only source of food protein. A balanced diet consisting of whole foods is essential for a healthy diet and building muscles.

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-Steph

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