Meniscal Tears

meniscus

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in biomechanics to avoid injuries. I read « Sport Medicine Media Guide » and I learned some good stuff.

Meniscus tear

meniscus tear

Meniscal tear is one of the most common knee injuries in athletes. This is caused after a contact injury or a traumatic twist. The meniscus is a wedge-shaped cartilage that provides a cushion in the medial and lateral portion of the knee joint and acts as a « shock absorber ». It’s located in the area of joints contact to prevent the bones rub between them because of the bodyweight. It’s hard and rubbery to help cushion the joints and keep the knees stable.

It’s important to also know that the meniscus helps to nourish the knee by facilitating the diffusion of joint fluid. With this injury, athletes can experience acute pain with a swelling and often a catching or locking sensation.

Diagnose

A meniscus injury can be diagnosed on the basis of the story that the patient provides and a physical examination of the knee.

An orthopedic surgeon my also use other techniques to further diagnose such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which gives a 3-dimensional image of the inside of the knee joint. In some cases, a surgeon can perform an arthroscopic inspection of the articulation, this is a minimally invasive surgical procedure.

Treatment

knee brace

A small meniscus tear can be treated with rest, ice and anti-inflammatory medications. When a meniscus tear causes a significant loss of movement or catching, the appropriate treatment is often a surgical operation. Depending on the location and type of tear, the treatment may be a simple arthroscopy to remove the torn fragment. Depending on how quickly the inflammation disappears, athletes can return to a full activity after a week or months.

For athletes with a repairable tear, sutures are used to sew the meniscus. In this situation, the knee is braced for 6 weeks. These athletes take at least 3-6 months to back to their activities but maintain the full cushion in their knees.

Prevention

There is not really any way to prevent a meniscus tear apart from a conditioning program to try to prevent an acromioclavicular ligament (ACL) tear and knee instability.

Stats

Women have meniscus tears more often than men and at an earlier age. These tears are often associated with an acromioclavicular ligament injury (ACL)

There are some variables of meniscus tears can be repaired and despite repair, they aren’t always heal. But arthritis can be avoided in the majority of cases when repair is successful. One study shows that 60% of patients who undergo meniscectomy (partial elimination) had some degree of progressive arthritis.

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-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .

Lateral Raise

lateral raise

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and there is good stuff.

Standing with your legs slightly apart. Your back straight, your arms along your body with a dumbbell in each hand :

  • Raise your arms to the horizontal with your elbows slightly flexed

  • Back to the start position

This exercice works deltoids, mainly middle portion.

The middle portion composed of several bundles which have the shape of a feather converging on the humerus and having the function of maintaining relatively heavy weights and of moving the arm accurately in all directions. It’s smart to vary the start of the movement (hands behind butt, hands on sides or hands in front), which makes it possible to word well all middle portion’s bundles.

According to the different morphologies (long/short clavicle, acromions more or less covering, humerus insertion of the deltoid more or less low), it’s necessary to seek the optimal working angle to his/her morphology.

Lateral raise works also the supra-spinous, non visible muscle that lies deep in the spra-spinous fossa of the scapula (shoulder blade) and is attached to the major tubercle of the humerus.

We can raise arms over the horizon and work upper part of the trapezius.

This exercice is done with relatively light weight and set of 10-25 reps. Vary working angles with short rest times. Work unitl it burn to have better results. To have more intensitiy, it’s possible between each rep to keep arms horizontally a few seconds.

-Steph

P.S.Do you want a free workout programs ? Click here 

Free smartphone apps:

To track my calories, I use MyFitnessPal

To track my workout program, I use Jefit 

Tips For Eating At Restaurants And Staying Healthy

restaurant

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and there is good stuff.

It’s easy to prepare our meal when we’re in our headquarter because we have all ingredients but when we go eat at restaurant, it’s not the same thing and we enjoy to eat anything.

Eat at restaurant = unhealthy meal ? No, not cecessarily

If we have go to the resaurant, whatever reason, we can make change when we order a menu that help us to eat healthy.

Teddy Roosevelt (the 26th president of USA) said  :« Do what you can, with what you have, where you are »

Restaurants

restaurant

Here are techniques to help to eat healthy when you’re outside.

Explores the menu before

Explores menus on the restaurant’s website and pre-selected your options before to go to the restaurant. This avoid you to struggle to have the willpower to eat healthy when you’re going to place the order.

If possible ask to place your order first. Whenever the server asks who wants to order first, speaks ! If you’re the only person of your group of friends who eat healthy, this will help you to not be influenced by the Matrix (pizza, french fries, etc). This avoid too to heard this sentence : « live a little ! ».

if you order first, the opposite can happen. You can influence your friends to eat healty and it’s cool.

Ask for help from your server

If you see a menu that who like at 80 %, don’t be afraid to modify the menu. This happens all the time and the server really doesn’t care. A chicken sandwich can become a plate of meat and vegetables.

99 % of the restaurants where I go give me a plate of chicken and vegetable, if I ask for it, even if it’s not on the menu. The goal of restaurants is to make clients happy.

Order water

Order always water rather than soda or other sugary drink ! Processed sugar is bad. You want someting with taste ? Sugar-free Ice tea.

Avoid fast-foods

Go to a grocery or a supermarket to find hot good food.

Avoid french fries

Order potatoes baked, grilled or steamed.

Not chips, bread or popcorn

Ask your waitress to not bring them.

Big entree

If the entree is huge, ask to decrease protions. This avoids eating a meal at more than 3000 calories.

Eat slowly

It take 1 minute to your brain to realize your stomac is already full. Slow motion, enjoys the conversation of people with who you eat.

manges.

Joker

If you friends harass you with « live a little », explain them you have an allergy or a weird reaction with some kind of food (you can lie, it’s for the good case). You will see, they will help you to eat healthy.

Not force to eat all the plate

According to the culture from where you come, not eating the whole plate can be rude. Put a napkin on the plate and ask to take the rest for home.

Stay cool

so serious

Remember that you’re human. If you decide to eat an unhealthy meal and it not a cheat meal, you don’t do anything bad. Your human, your scheldule can be crazy, and somethimes you just want to eat a pizza. It’s OK. Remember that there is nothing wrong, if it’s a conscious decision and you have chosen to do it. But the next meal must be healthy to back to good habits.

A unhealthy meal will not destroy your day but if you thind « I ate unhealthy at the lunch, my day destroyed. I will eat unhealthy tonight and I will eat heathy tomorrow ». This type of thinking destroy your lifestyle, this is really bad.

What is your best tips to eat healthy at the restaurant ?

-Steph

P.S. Do you want a free training program ? Click here