Heat Illness

heat illness

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in biomechanics to avoid injuries. I read « Sport Medicine Media Guide » and I learned some good stuff.

Every summer, hundreds of people experience sun-related illnesses and heat. Being prepared and hydrated avoids theses situations.

Why

When an athlete exercises, his/her body temperature increase and the body sweats to cool the body. During this process, body fluids and electrolytes are lost. If the boy is not recharged with fluids and electrolytes, it’s dehydration and it increase the risk of heat illness as a heat stroke.

Symptoms

Symptoms are :

  • Chills

  • Dark colored urine

  • Dry mouth

  • Headaches

  • Thirst

  • Weakness

If the heat illness progress, there are more serious symptoms like :

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Body temperature increasing to dangerous levels

  • Muscle cramps

  • Nausea

  • Tingling of the limbs

  • Death

How to prevent

The most effective treatments for heat illness are :

  • Proper training for the heat

  • Fluid replacement before, during, and after exertion

  • Appropriate clothing (light colored, loose fitting and limited to one layer)

  • Early recognition via direct monitoring of athlete by other players, coaches and medical staff

  • Monitoring the intensity of physical activity appropriate for fitness and how an athlete has acclimated to conditions.

  • If possible, having an athletic trainer on site during events and practices to properly prevent and treat heat illnesses.

In situations where the training program is intense or during a trip in a hot climate, an athlete should limit the intensity and duration of the training session. Thereafter, the athlete will increase the training’s intensity for a period of 7-14 days to allow to the body, the time to adjust to the climate and environmental conditions. For athletes with respiratory, gastrointestinal or other diseases, they should especially evaluate these new conditions.

When an athlete should hydrate

hydrate

It’s necessary to hydrate before, during and after a training session. Drinking 47cl (16 ounces) of water is recommended 1 hour before exercises. Hydration should continue with 11-23cl (4-8 ounces) of water every 15-20 minutes throughout the effort

There is a trick to track the hydration’s level is to weigh before and after a physical activity. If the athlete is lighter after a physical activity, this means that there a deficit of fluids (indicated by weight loss) and it’s necessary to recharge them. For the next physical activity, it will be essential to drink more to evaluate the losses (perspiration). An athlete who loses more than 2-3% of his/her bodyweight during exercise may decrease the performance and the body’s physiological function.

If the athlete is heavier after a physical activity, it means that there is a surplus of fluids (indicated by gain weight). For the next physical activity, it will be essential to drink less to evaluate the surplus.

How to treat it

When you see signs of heat illness or heat stroke, it may be an imminent danger of death. It’s necessary that a person immediately call for medical assistance while you’re cooling the person at risk.

Treatment included :

  • Getting the athlete to a shaded area

  • If it heat stroke, cool the athlete rapidly using cold water immersion. If immersion is not available you may use spray from a hose, cold water sponging, or placing cold towels over the entire body

  • Monitoring body temperature

  • Providing cool beverage if possible (i.e., if the athlete doesn’t have altered consciousness).

  • Getting medical assistance as soon as possible.

Heat exhaustion is a type of heat illness that can happen after several days of exposure to high temperature and improper or unbalanced fluid recharging.

Statistics

  • Heat stroke is a type of serious illness related to heat. It can cause death to athletes and this is probably the leading cause of athlete death during the months of July and August.

  • The body produces 1.8 liters (a half of gallon) of perspiration to cool the body every hour. If there are not enough fluids or the heat is overwhelming the body, the person may develop heat-related illness.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here.

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The Confusion Of Whey Protein

confusion

I watched a JamCore DZ’s video  and there is good stuff.

People have a lot of questions about whey and they become crazy. Companies take advantage of this confusion to make money without educating people.

People who are misinformed think whey help to lose weight. It’s for this reason I’m writing this article to explains how work whey. The notion that whey makes you lose weight or make you shredded is not always the case because you have to follow a very special protocol.

There is 3 types of whey : concentrate, isolate and hydrolizate.

Look this metaphor :

  • Concentrate = Mini Cooper

  • Isolate = BMW

  • Hydrolizate = Porsche

 

These 3 categories mean the ability to assimilate, save and rebuilt your muscle tissue These 3 categories have the same goal, the only difference is the speed of protein’s absorption by your body. It doesn’t mean the concentrate is bad. In each category there is good and bad quality.

Whey

whey protein

The whey is extracted from cow milk.

Concentrate whey has a rate of protein of 60-80 %. The rate of carbohydrate is high because of of the sugar that has in the form of lactose.

Isolate whey is extracted from concentrate whey by a cold process to not denature the whey. The isolate has a higher rate of protein, less carbohydrate and the same rate of lipid than the concentrate. But there is not lactose. In the isolate whey there is not lactose then if you have flatulence, the quality is bad.

Hydrolizate whey is extracted form isolate. The hydrolizate whey is predigested by a a microfiltration process. This process make absorbing easier for your body. The rate of protein is higher than the isolate.

The isolate and the hydrolizate are more BCAA than the concentrate. The concentrate whey is the slowest to go to muscles to rebuild them.

All this works if you do the good things

Which whey take ?

All depend of your budget. There is rich and poor people. But what is interesting is that you can be poor, buy concentrate whey and gain muscle and you can be rich, buy hydrolizate whey and do stupid stuff and don’t gain muscle. The type of whey doesn’t matter because it’s the person who is organized, disciplined and who have goals that will succeed.

When take whey ?

when

It’s a snack between breakfast and lunch then between lunch and diner. You can take it after training, it’s better to take an isolate or hydrolizate whey because they’re rich in BCAA (amino acids) to rebuild your muscles faster. You can take also a simple source of sugar like vitargo that composed of maltodextrin and fructose.

Now, if you’re drying out, you can just take isolate or hydrolized to gain muscle.

When can take concentrate , isolate or hydrolizate whey (it depends on your budget) with a good source of carbohydrate (oatmeal and a banana) and a good source of lipid (peanuts or almonds butter). These good source of carbohydrate and lipid are better than mass gainer you can buy in shops. These mass gainers are a lots of crap and sugar in there. Don’t buy mass gainers, it’s expensive and bad for your body.

The notion of whey can allow you to lose weight by magic is a scam ! You have to do things right, it means follow a nutritional plan and a workout plan.

Whey is more absorbed by you body with water. Take it with cow milk is less assimilate, it’s a little bit better with coconut milk and almond milk. But the best way for your body to absorb completely the whey is water.

How much gram per meal ?

For men is around between 30-40gr of protein or whey per meal. It’s around 3gr of leucine that is responsible for the synthesis of protein and also responsible to rebuild muscles. Remember 3gr of leucine is important for the whey’s quality you buy. For women, it’s 20-25gr per meal.

How to know if it’s good quality ?

good quality

First

It’s impossible to buy 1kg (2.2lbs) of high quality whey at prices offered by brands. Because most of companies to sell whey at these prices (high quality whey is very expensive), they do what we called « spiking ». It’s increase rates by playing with amino acids to pass tests and sell more. The 2 countries in the world with the best whey quality are Japan and New-Zealand because their laws are very strict.

Second

You need to check there is 3gr of leucine. The leucine must be on the nutrition facts label or nutrition information panel on the whey’s pack. If it’s less than 2.7gr, don’t take this whey, it’s crap. Why ? Because normally you must have more than 2.7gr of leucine per dose (for men 30-40gr of whey = 3gr of leucine). If there is not the dose of leucine on the nutrition facts label, don’t buy it.

Per dose of whey, you should have 25 % of BCAA and the leucine should be at 11 % of the 25 % of BCAA (around 3gr of leucine).

The source of milk should be without hormones. It means the cow should be fed with grass.

The treatment of protein should be at low temperature as for the isolate so as not to be denatured. If it’s denatured, the quality decreases.

There is not artificial sweeteners and artificial flavor. The less ingredients in the whey, better is the quality.

I will not advise you a brand. You’re a smart person, now with these information, you’re able to select yourself your whey.

Searching, studying, have a great physique is not only the body, it’s also the mind because it’s the mind that make the body even more.

-Steph

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Spring Temperature

spring

Spring is here, it’s cool. The day’s temperature changes, it’s cold in the morning, at noon it’s hot and at night it’s cold.

And in the gym, I feel that I sweat more quickly, I think employees’s gym haven’t yet changed the heating (something I haven’t do at home) but my workouts are a little more difficult.

I think our bodies must do much more different tricks in the day to keep the body’s temperature at a good level. This doesn’t help at all when I see people who are already with their T-shirt (it’s not yet the summer, Oh!).

t-shirt in winter

On April 1st, I’ll increase all my exercises of 2 reps (except squat), it disturbs me a little. It’s always the same, I always want to be ready when I change my routine but it never happens and I get there. I think “I wait to be ready” is an excuse.

Now I begin to sweat more, I think it will help me stay dry and it doesn’t matter if I’m not ready to change my routine. I do it and we’ll see. Seriously, when you have an opportunity, are you ready ? When you fall in love, are you ready? No, but you do as well and it’s cool, it’s a little scary but it’s cool.

-Steph

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Temperature De Printemps

spring

Le printemps est là, c’est cool. La température dans la journée change, le matin il fait froid, à midi il fait chaud et le soir il fait froid.

Et dans la salle, je sens que je transpire plus vite, je pense que les employés de la salle n’ont pas encore modifié le chauffage (chose que je n’ai pas encore faite à la maison) mais mes entraînements sont un peu plus difficile.

Je pense que notre corps doit faire beaucoup plus de trucs différents dans la journée pour garder la température du corps à un bon niveau. Ce qui ne l’aide pas du tout quand je vois des gens qui sont déjà en T-shirt (ce n’est pas encore l’été, Oh !).

t-shirt in winter

Comme le 1er avril, je vais augmenter tout mes exercices de 2 répétitions (sauf le squat), ça me perturbe un peu. C’est toujours pareil, je veux toujours être prêts quand je modifie ma routine mais ça n’arrive jamais et j’y arrive. Je crois que « j’attends d’être prêt », c’est une excuse.

Maintenant que je commence à transpirer plus, je me dis que ça va m’aider à rester sec et ça ne fait rien si je ne suis pas prêt pour le changement de ma routine. Je le fait et on verra bien. Franchement, quand tu as une opportunité, tu es prêt ? Quand tu tombes amoureux, tu es prêt ? Non, mais tu le fais comme même et c’est cool, ça fait un peu peur mais c’est cool.

-Steph

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