Overuse Injuries

overuse injuries sport injury

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in biomechanics to avoid injuries. I read « Sport Medicine Media Guide » and I learned some good stuff.

There are 2 types of injuries : Acute injuries and overuse injuries. Acute injuries are usually caused by a single traumatic event. Here are some examples :

  • Wrist fractures

  • Ankle sprains

  • Shoulder dislocations

Acute injuries are less common in sport than overuse injuries. Overuse injuries are usually subtle and appear over time, making them difficult to diagnose and treat. Here is some example :

  • Tennis elbows

  • Swimmer’s shoulder

  • Pitcher’s elbow

  • Runner’s knee

  • Achilles tendinitis

  • Shin splints

Why

Human body is extraordinary to adapt to physical stress. We’re used of thinking that « stress » is bad for our emotional well-being, but physical stress is simply doing an exercise or activity. This is beneficial for our muscles, tendons, ligaments and bones. This physical stress causes an internal process called remodeling. Remodeling process involves both the breakdown and the build up of tissue. It’s necessary to have a good balance between 2, if breakdown occurs more rapidly than buildup, an overuse injury occurs.

Causes

overuse injuries sport injury gym fail

Usually, it’s training errors that cause overuse injuries. These errors are too fast acceleration of intensity or duration or activity frequency. These injuries can also happen to people who return to the sport/activity after an injury. They try to make up for lost time as quickly as possible to reach the level they had before the injury. Doing an exercise with a good technique is important to avoid overuse injuries. When the exercise’s technique is bad, it creates overuse injuries. It’s for this reason that coaches, athletic trainers and teachers can play a preventive role so that athletes avoid overuse injures.

There are people who more easily have overuse injuries. An unbalance between strength and flexibility around certain joints predisposes some people to have this type of injury. Body alignment, such as knock-knees, bowlegs, unequal leg lengths and flat or high arched feet, also impact overuse injuries. There are also people who have weak links because of old wounds, incomplete rehabilitation of wounds or others anatomy factors.

Other factors must also be taken into account as equipment such as the type of running shoe or ballet shoe and terrain (hard versus soft surface in aerobic dance or running).

Diagnosis

Generally the diagnosis is based on the athlete’s history and physical examination. It’s recommended to make a diagnosis with a sports medicine specialist with a specific interest and knowledge of your sport. In some situations X-rays, bone scan and MRI may be necessary.

Treatment

overuse injuries sport injury ice

Here are some recommendations for treating an overuse injuries :

  • Cutting back the intensity, duration and frequency of an activity

  • Adopting a hard/easy workout schedule and crosstraining with other activities to maintain fitness levels

  • Learning about proper training and technique from a coach or athletic trainer

  • Performing proper warm-up activities before and cool down after

  • Using ice after an activity for minor aches and pain

  • Using anti-inflammatory medications as necessary

If symptoms persist, a sport medicine specialist may create a more detailed treatment plan for your specific condition. This may involve an exam of your training program and an evaluation of predisposing factors.

Prevention

Majority of overuse injuries can be avoided with a proper training program, common sense and learning to listen your own body. The quote : « No pain, no gain » doesn’t apply here. The 10% rule helps a lot to get things to the next level.

In general, you should increase the training’s intensity to a maximum of 10% per week. This allows your body to have enough time for recovery and response. This rule should be used to increase pace or milestone for walkers or runners. Or for the weights amount to increase for strength training programs. In strength training, add flexibility exercises and core stability exercises help tremendously to minimize overuse injuries.

It’s recommended to seek advice from sports medicine specialist or athletic trainer to prevent chronic or recurring problems. Your training program can also be modified to maintain fitness levels safety while you recover from your injuries. You must return to the sport only if an authorization is granted by a health professional.

Remember, it’s very important to warm-up before training and cool down after training.

Stats

3.5 millions of children are treated for overuse injures every year.

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-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food. Click here .

Become Insensitive To Haters

hater

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE !!! I watched an Olivier Roland’s video  and I learned some good stuff.

To be successful, it’s really necessary to have the ability to ignore haters, especially on internet.

Beginners are unaware of the emotional impact that haters can create and it can also scare people who want to start their company online. When you develop your internet presence, avoid haters is impossible.

Hater

A hater is a person who feels the irresistible urge to send you a message by email, comment or tweet to tell you :

  • You’re the stupidest and ugliest person in the world

  • Your content is the most insignificant thing since the creation of the planet earth

  • That he/she hopes that you don’t make children to not spread the evil on the planet earth and that you die quickly

These 3 things are what say haters in general.

The truth is, you can’t avoid that. Select one of your favorite artists, athletes or actors, check out one of his/her video on Youtube and read the comments. You can see the quality’s level of comments and it makes people lose faith in humanity. And it’s not just haters, there are also people who tell a lot of bullshit and insult each other.

A hater is a person who is bored and has no purpose in life, so that person is trying to create trouble in your community and psychologically impact you in a negative way. Fortunately on social media, it’s possible to ban haters.

Don’t be afraid

don't be afraid

I know many people who want to create a blog, a podcast or a Youtube channel but they’re afraid of having a bad buzz. I know a medical student who wants to create something to help students who are in 1st year of medical school but he still doesn’t do anything. This is the same situation as people who never drive because they are afraid of an accident or people who never take a plane.

It’s important to understand :

  • It’s extremely unlikely

  • Even if you have a bad buzz, you’ll survive

  • In any case, you will build a community that will support you.

When you look at the biggest bad buzz in history, it’s rare to see that the sales falls caused the bankruptcy of the company (or maybe you know a case I don’t know). Sometimes there are people who have been a bit traumatized by a bad buzz but in the majority of cases, there is little damage.

The best revenge you can have for haters is to have a good life. To be afraid of the haters that make you afraid to act, that you’re paralyzing, it’s showing to the world that it’s you who are leaving intimidated by something that is very unlikely to happen.

Keyboard warrior

keyboard type

Haters are also called « Keyboard warrior » because generally haters allow themselves to make type of criticism about people on internet but they are unable to do in real life, face to face. They’re comfortable behind their keyboard because they suffer no consequence.

So don’t be intimidated by the keyboard warriors and what I recommend you to do, it’s to keep a bottle of champagne to celebrate your first hater. It’s important to know that having haters is a necessary step in your success. Having your first hater is a sign that you’re on the right track because you’re disturbing someone.

keyboard warrior

Constructive criticism

Among this ton of negative comments (95%), there are also critics who can help you improve. To identify these critics, you must ask yourself this question : « What is the intention of this criticism ? Do I feel that the person wants to help me ? ».

If you feel that the criticism of the person is to help you, you can analyze the criticism and see if you can do something that interest you. If not, you can ban the person. Unfortunately, you’ll see that the majority of critics are not made to help you.

Remember that about haters :

  1. They’re inevitable

  2. They’re a sign of your success. Everyone has haters, even the people you admire the most

  3. They’re keyboard warriors. They say things that he/she doesn’t allow himself/herself to say in real life, face to face.

  4. Keep a bottle of champagne for the day you’ll have yor first hater

  5. To identify constructive criticism, ask yourself this question : « Is there a positive intention in this criticism to improve myself ? ».

Subscribe to my newsletters and share this article if you think it can help someone you know.

-Steph

A Rare Habit To Have To Be Successful

curious question

I watched an Olivier Roland’s video  and I learned good stuff.

The most successful entrepreneurs are those who are the most curious. It has an extremely simple habit that the majority of the population doesn’t have. This habit is to ask questions but be careful, they’re use 2 way to ask questions :

  • By curiosity to try to understand the history, the motivation and the methods of a person or a company.

  • To question things that everyone agrees with. Are these things that everyone takes for granted true or not ?

It may be trivial, but how many people have met athletes, entrepreneurs or others great people who have just said : « Wow, that’s amazing what you did ». Then they could ask : « What motivated you to do that ? » or « Do you have a piece of advice that helped you on your journey ? » or « Do you make a stupid mistake that will stop you ? ».

When you ask questions about things that everyone takes for granted, you can sometimes find gold mines. What I means is that there are things that many people think is true when it’s wrong because they didn’t verify the information. So, this may be a gold mine that can make you rich at all levels.

It happens because we, human beings, have an imperfect representations of how reality works. That is, we’re like prehistoric explorers with rudimentary maps. The closer your mental map is to how the universe really works, the more likely you’re to do relevant actions, so to be more successful in your life in all areas of spiritual wealth (being happy, living long, create value, etc) and material wealth.

Ask to understand

ask listen learn

For example, Erico Rocha ( ooh, read this article ) is a Brazilian entrepreneur who has an incredible success in the information field in Brazil and he’s someone very curious. When you tell him one thing, he’ll understand that you have implicitly accepted that as a truth and he’ll question you on it.

You can do that too, and that opens doors that you never imagined.

Here is a concrete example. Many people think that handwork things are better than industrial things. This is a truth that most people have accepted without verified the information and this will influence their thoughts, decisions and words. Now let’s ask ourselves : « Is something handwork automatically better than an industrial thing ? ».

It’s true that there are some handwork things that are better than industrial things, but is a handwork book better than an industrial book ? We can ask the same question for a car, is a handwork car better than a industrial car ?

Analyze around you people who think that handwork things are automatically better than industrial things. Be careful, these people aren’t going tell you that explicitly. They’re just going to say things like : « Did you see ? I bought this wooden spoon, it’s pretty, huh ?!? It’s a handwork thing ». In this case, you can ask the question : « For you, are handwork things better than industrial things ? » With that you can analyze the way of thinking of this person on this subject.

With this habit, you’ll change your state of mind. This habit of asking such questions allows you to find those unconscious acceptances that influence our thoughts, actions and words. When you use that, it gives you a lot of advantage in life to be successful compared to people who don’t understand that.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Work Effectively And Earn More (Part1)

work effectively

I watched an Olivier Roland’s video  and I learned good stuff.

Everyone wants to work more efficiently to save time and make more money. There are 2 books to learn how to do this and I’m going to do a synthesis of 2. Maybe you already know theses 2 books, it’s « 4 Hours Workweek  » by Tim Ferriss  and « The One Minute Millionaire » by Mark Victor and Robert Allen.

Before you start, it’s important that you know that there is a special relationship between time and money. The idea is to better manage your time in your day to make your money work for you and make more money. There are several actions to put in place to do this and these actions based on 3 laws :

  • Leverage – Leverage gives you the speed to reach your goals faster. With a lever, you can control several elements. There are 5 types of leverage in 5 forms. We’ll see this in detail.

  • Pareto’s law.

  • Parkinson’s law

Lever

lever effect leverage

Let’s start with the leverage and its different points of support. There is a very interesting quote from Archimedes :

« Give me a place to stand, and a lever long enough and I will move the world »

Leverage allows you to reach your financial goals more easily and quickly. The higher the fulcrum is, the higher you can go up and far.

5 points of support

Money from others

Very useful in the real estate because the money of the banks and the tenant can allow you to have an additional income and a heritage. This heritage is largely financed by the money of others.

Skills of others

By meeting professionals who have more experience than you and mentors on your professional field, you can follow their examples. This allow you to access years of knowledge in a very short time, and avoid making mistakes that can cost you a lot of money and waste a lot of time.

Ideas of others

Find a partner who is willing to share ideas. For example to create your business instead of reinventing the wheel, you can join a franchise network to use and implement a business model that has been proven.

Time of others

Use the skills of someone who has more experience than you, by this way you can save. Delegate tasks.

Work of others

Support a team that is capable to manage things for you without you need to give last minutes instructions. Create a team with a list of instructions so that they are as autonomous as possible.

5 forms of support points

 

Mentors

Mentors are an incredible source of information. Select the people who inspire you from the people who have succeeded in the field you want to master.

Team

It’s known to many we can accomplish more than alone. A team makes it possible to work in synergy and to find solutions more quickly. Find people who have the same values as you and who have complementary skills.

One of the best example of a successful team is the team Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs who together created Apple. Steve Wozniak is a computer genius, he created the first Apple computer, the Apple 1 and he largely created the Apple 2 that made the success of Apple. Steve Wozniak is a very nice person but at the time, he didn’t have the skills to sell these computers. Steve Jobs was a sales genius but he didn’t have the skills to create these computers.

Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs separately have never been able to create something as impressive as Apple, the association of these 2 people who shared the same values and the desire to offer people computers easier to use have marked the history of computer with Apple.

Networks

The more professional relationships you have, the greater the leverage will be. Grow your network in the areas where you want to share and work.

Skills and tools

Having essential tools to reach the goal and mastering the operation of theses tools increase success. Skills to master are the power of persuasion, rhetoric and humor.

Systems

Using a good system increases the chances of success. To make money, there are millions of systems (there are so many on internet). The perfect system has 5 characteristics :

  1. No need to liquidity

  2. No risk or little

  3. Require no time

  4. Require no management

  5. Require little effort

The truth is that is very, very, very difficult to find an investment system that has these 5 characteristics, but you have to try to get as close as possible to work less and earn more money.

Pareto’s law

pareto law 20 80

Parkinson’s law or the 20/80’s law discovered by the economist and sociologist Vilfredo Pareto. This principle explains that 20% of the countries of the world share 80% of the wealth and that within these countries 20% of the people share 80% of the wealth. Here is the basis of this principle : « 80% of effects come from 20% of the causes », which means that a minimum of causes create a maximum of effects. Always try to identify in your actions or in your company, the 20% of actions which bring 80% of results.

Parkinson’s law

parkinson law time effort

Parkinson’s law discovered by historian and essayist Cyril Northcote Parkinson. This principle explain that the work extends so as to occupy the time available for the completion of a task. For example, if you put 2 hours to do a task that can be done in 1 hour, you still go for 2 hours. To have more time, we must force ourselves to have less. The basis of this principle is to do a task at 50% or 75% of the recommended time to do it.

In this section, we saw leverage, Pareto’s law and Parkinson’s law. In the 2nd part, we’ll see the 5 actions to be effective and the 4 actions to make more money.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Boost Your Marketing Based On Science (Part 3)

tate tougue bitter sour sweet salty

I watched an Olivier Roland’s video and I learned good stuff.

Click if you didn’t read Part 1  and Part 2 .

Taste

Taste is a bit of an amalgam of 5 senses because it’s necessary to use 5 senses to have the full sensation of taste in the brain. It’s enough that it misses 1-2 senses so that the flavor modified. When a brand works to be recognized by several senses, it improves the credibility and the memorization of the brand.

An effective sensory marketing is based on the coherence of the senses to increase the positive evaluation of products, stores and visiting intentions. This multisensory experience increases the probability of creating strong and lasting emotional connection with the consumer.

Cognitive ergonomics, pricing, distribution and sales

cognitive ergonomics

Rules of innovation, presentation product/service and a good selling price increases the turnover and improves a brand’s perceptions. Consumers spend more time in a store when the place is thematized, theatrical or with a sensory experience.

Creating nice design for the brain helps a product to succeed in a market. Certain specific packaging’s elements attract the attention and interest of the brain. Imaging and iconography provike emotional evocation, color awakens somatic makers, writing gives meaning to the product and the brand gives the product qualities linked to its essence.

The preception and the price of a product/service by the brain have important consequences on the amount of purchases. An inapproritate price compared to consumers perception on the price-quality ratio can cancel a sale. A consumer refuses to pay for an expensive product if the quality seems low. With a price too low, a consumer thinks that the quality is bad.

The psychological price, which is the price that a consumer is willing to pay to buy a product/service, is the fundamental basis for the price policy.

Pay creates an impression of pain in the brain and there are several solutions to decrease or avoid this feeling : payment term, credit, deferred payment, product/service presentation like Premium, billing per month rather than per hour, price below a fixed price ($ 299.99 instead of $ 300.00).

When stores are thematized, theatrical or with a sensory experience, it increases the presence time of consumers as well as the interest. The result is an increase in turnover and an improvement in the brand perception of the store.

Subliminal relationship

subliminal messages

Since antiquity, communication has used many subliminal techniques to be more persuasive. Subliminal communication target directly the brain’s subconscious. Ads is still based on Aristote’s rhetoric method to improve credibility and Cicero. Here are Ciceron’s recommendations  : It’s necessary to prove the truth of what you say, it’s Logos. To reconcile the benevolence of the listeners by using the Ethos and to awaken in them all the emotions useful to the cause with Pathos.

  • Logos

    This corresponds to the choice of logical and rational messages. Theses messages show indisputable arguments about the quality of the product/service on an innovation that other brands don’t have.

  • Ethos

    This is to give confidence or seduce consumers.

  • Pathos

    It’s about message based on emotions.

Communications can be based on hedonism to look for inner well-being or joy like luxury or sex. To trigger strong emotions and enter in the memory, messages can be violent as for example advertisements on the road safety.

Subliminal communication target directly the brain’s subconscious, bypassing the barrier of reasoning. Even though subliminal communication is prohibited in some countries, many methods are allowed and used in advertising.

Advertising entertainment is an advertising based on the spectacular using humor or art with the harmony’s rules like Golden Ratio , Vitruvian Man , eroticism, etc.

Brands works with emotions to influence the consumers brain to make purchase. Consumer’s brain is attracted by brands whose history is reminiscent of known myths memorized in the unconscious (copy by somatic markers).

Brands need to create a story, an original epic that can be told in the community and be told for several generations.

Community and social networks

community

Community and social networks influence the consumer’s individual consciousness, which make it a collective consciousness. A consumer has access to a huge amount of information from different sources in real time. This information comes from all over the planet. This access to information allows the consumer to make comparisons before buying. With interactivity, a consumer becomes a neuro-consumer-actor. We’re living the creations of a new behaviororal generation of neuro-consumer multiprogrammed, it means people who consult several media at the same time.

We’re slowly entering a world where zapping replaces logic and reflection. A world where people prefer sequential information based on emotion rather than linear information based on conceptual reasoning.

Several factors influence the purchasing behavior : free economy, uberisation or participative economy of purchases, return of auctions, the wait of the proposal of purchases of the last minute, used to choose from several references as with Amazon (70 millions products), geolocalisation use of different sales channels (social networks, internet, smartphone, etc).

There are methods to meet these new expectations, permission marketing and digital marketing desire.

  • Permission marketing

    Permission marketing allows communication only with prospects who have given their agreements.

  • Desire digital marketing

    The digital marketing of desire is based on quality content and the pratice of « one-to-one ». « One-to-one » is the creation of a personalized relationship with each consumer and to develop this relationship.

Consumers saturated by the advertising of digital marketing gives a very limited confidence to the brands coming from traditional communication. They prefer to seek advice from people who have already tested the brand, product or service.

Use a viral marketing, buzz or word of mouth to spread positive communication on social networks across communities can seriously increase sales. This viral marketing, buzz or word of mouth is based on the oldest media in the world : the rumor. With the development of internet (website, blog and social networks), recommendation becomes more important than the communication.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Do You Live Your Story ?

gandalf

Gandalf the Grey teach us something: « All we have to do is decide what to do with the time that is given to us ».

I often get emails from people who aren’t happy with their lives. My answer is: You have to find a way to be happy today because it’s not sure that you’re alive tomorrow !

Seriously, if your friends humiliate you, your relationship is zero, your work is unbearable, stop everything and move on to better.

It’s true, that it’s easier said than done but think « You can find some excuse or you can have what you want, but not both ». Hmm, it makes you think !

You can continue to be unhappy and find you an apology if you’re not interested in having what you want but your potential is untapped, get full of regret and you will spend your day to say « What if … ».

Tomorrow you can get hit by a car. It’s not like in a video-games where in the level there « add 1 life ». You think your health is taken for granted ?

Be happy today.

be happy

I don’t tell you to quit your job and go live in a tent in the mountains (unless it makes you happy) but make your life a story. Your life isn’t your possessions or your bank account.

We spend too much time on things that don’t matter, we have to focus on the important things. Everyday is an opportunity to be happy, improve yourself, adventure. Problems exist but it shouldn’t spoil your whole day.

You can start by spending time with people who fill your head with stories like: « Remember that time we ……… .I will never forget ! ».

Whether it’s a night out with friends to drink alcohol and to tell stories or play a game, we need to realize that today is a great day. If you can fill your day of adventure, improve yourself and be grateful, you’re on the right path.

Gandalf the Grey teach us something: « All we have to do is decide what to do with the time that is given to us ».

So what do you do ?

-Steph

Fitness History – Renaissance (1400 – 1600) Part 5

renaissance

After the Dark Ages and the Middle Ages, the rebirth of cultural learning from ancient Greek and Roman civilizations created the Renaissance. During this period the interest in the human body has been renewed. Again, the ideas of ancient Greek who glorified the human body has been accepted by everyone. Many people like Martin Luther (religious leader), John Locke (philosopher), Vittorino da Feltra, John Comenius and Richard Mulcaster (physical educators) have maintained a high level of fitness improves intellectual learning.

Civilizations that recognized the importance of fitness needed a way to convey this knowledge to their people. So, fitness and physical education have shared a common bond. Physical education has become a tool to spread the values and benefits of fitness throughout society. The school programs, mainly in ancient Greek, had already recognized the need for education programs to include physical education. The renewed appreciation for human life that has evolved during the Renaissance created an environment that was ready for the widespread development of physical education throughout Europe.

National Period in Europe (1700 – 1850)

europe map 1748

Europe suffered several cultural changes after the Renaissance. The fitness remained high and continued to follow the trends initiated during the Renaissance. Physical education programs extends in emerging country in Europe. The intense feelings of nationalism and independence created an atmosphere for the first modern fitness movement that came in the form of gymnastics programs. Gymnastics was immensely popular during that era especially in Germany, Denmark, Sweden and Great Britain.

That’s all for today. Soon the rest of the fitness history

-Steph