Dietary Fats

dietary, fat, oil, fish, avocado, nut, olive

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in nutrition to stay in shape. I read some advice from Arnold Schwarzenegger and I learned some good stuff.

Of the 3 macronutriments, fats are the nutrients that are the most dense in energy. Fat is composed of the same thing as carbohydrates (carbon, hydrogen and oxygen) but the difference is that the atoms are not linked together in the same way. Fat is in plants and animals. Oils are liquid fats. Fats are insoluble in water. Fats are organized in 3 categories:

  • Simple fats (triglycerides)
  • Compound fats (phospholipid, glucolipid, lipoprotein)
  • Derived fats (cholesterol)

Here are the 3 fat’s functions in your body:

  1. Fats are the main source of stored energy (body fat)
  2. Fats help to protect and cushion the major organs
  3. Fats have an insulator effect, preserving body heat and protecting against excessive cold.

Fat is the most dense nutrient in calories 1 pound (453gr) of fat contains 4000 calories while 1 pound (453gr) of protein or carbohydrate contains about 1800 calories.

When you do exercise and stay within your aerobic capacity, it means you don’t run out of breath, your body uses fats and carbohydrates as a source of energy at around 50/50. But if you continue, your body will use more fat than carbohydrates as a source of energy. If you train for 3 hours, your body can use fat to create 80% energy for your body.

As you could read, there is different type of fat: saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturated. These terms mean the number of hydrogen atoms attached to the molecule. Here is an analogy with a string’s ball so that it’s easier to understand. Saturated fat is like a length of string in a messy clutter. Unsaturated is like a rope with some entanglements. And polyunsaturated is like a rope carefully wrapped without the sign of a tangle. The more fat is saturated (tangled), the more likely it’s to remain in the body and clog the arteries, which increase the risk of heart disease.

There are also other factors. Diets rich in saturated fat tend to increase cholesterol levels in the blood. Health experts advise that 2/3 of your fat intake is polyunsaturated fat.

Saturated fats are found in:

  • Beef
  • Lamb
  • Pork
  • Chicken
  • Shellfish
  • Egg yolks
  • Cream
  • Milk
  • Cheese
  • Butter
  • Vegetable shortening
  • Chocolate
  • Lard

Unsaturated fats are found in:

  • Avocados
  • Cashews
  • Olives and olive oil
  • Peanuts, peanuts oil, peanut butter

Polyunsaturated fats are found in:

  • Almonds
  • Cottonseed oil
  • Margarine (usually)
  • Pecans
  • Sunflower oil
  • Corn oil
  • Fish
  • Mayonnaise
  • Safflower oil
  • Soybean oil
  • Walnuts

Essential Fatty Acids

fatty, acid, saturated, unsaturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, omega,3,6,9,linolenic, linoleic, cla, gla, arachidonic, epa, dha, oleic, lauric, myristic,palmitic, stearic

Essential fatty acids are inevitable in a healthy diet because your body can’t create it itself- That’s why it’s essential that you eat foods containing essential fatty acids. It’s a shame because many bodybuilders have low fat diets and they develop deficiencies in dietary fat. Fortunately there are foods and supplements that provide “good fats” to avoid this extreme. Here are some examples:

Fish oil

Instead of eating low-fat fish, test salmon, trout or mackerel. Fish oil is needed by organs, especially the brain. You can also take fish oils as supplements.

Polyunsaturated vegetable oil

In vegetable oils, there are 2 acids that are valuable: linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Supermarket oils such as corn oil, sunflower oil and safflower oil don’t contain linoleic acid. Soybean oil is the only supermarket oil containing linoleic acid but you need ot pay attention to GMO. For linolenic acid, you can find that in linseed oil, walnut oil, pumpkin seed oil.

Monounsaturated fatty acids

There are the most harmless fatty acids compared to some polyunsaturated fatty acids because they don’t affect your cholesterol or your prostaglandins (regulators of the hormones action). Monounsaturated fatty acids are found in olive oil and macadamia nuts.

Supplements of fatty acid

These supplements contain essential fatty acids from fish oils and other sources.

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-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .

Mass Or Weight Gainers Are Useless

mass weight gainer

I watched a Jamcore DZ’s video  and I learned good stuff.

Mass or weight gainers are visual scams. Here the reason. You think you gain muscle because you bulk up but the truth is that you gain water and fat.

Why

why

Dose

Gainer’s dose are huge, it’s between 170gr and 250gr of powder. 250 gr of powder in water, it’s too weird !?! Let’s look at the powder’s composition. There is maltodextrin, the cheapest sugar in the business. Take it before, during and after the training session with dextrose is good to recover and recharge your glycogen stock. The problem is when you take gainer outside the training phase, you gain fat.

If you’re an endomorph, someone who gains easily fat, you’ll not improve your body, you’ll worsen your situation.

Compositon

Most gainers have between 46 % and 66 % of maltodextrin. Some even 80gr per dose ! It’s crazy.

Most people think they’ll gain muscle with this kind of product. They go in a shop, the seller their advice this and it’s gone. The truth is that you have to educate yourself, eat healthy, be focused on training and have patience. It takes several years to have muscle mass of good quality.

There is also a mix of whey protein. Thus, casein, concentrate, isolate and a little be hydrolysate to make people believe that the gainer is good quality. There is also creatine and the disadvantage of creatine is that it makes you retain water. That means when you think you gain muscle, in fact you do water retention. You look good in front of your mirror but when you dry or you stop to take gainer, you realize that you have less muscle mass than you thought. You deflate like a balloon, pffffffff.

We must stop delirious ! Track your food, track your training program,struggle like everyone els and be patient, it’s the only way to gain muscle mass of good quality.

Jamcore DZ (Jamo Nezzar ) is a former professional bodybuilder (IFBB). Even taking steroids, he took 8-9 years to gain 25kg (55lbs) of muscle. The problem with steroids is that destroy your organs and when you stop, you spend the rest of your life doing hormone therapies if you’re still alive. And it costs a lot of money, you can check it on internet.

I tell you already, all the pros or youtubers that you admire will not be there is 5 years. I’m telling you this because I’ve already won bets.

Meals

Each meal of the day must be between 400kcal and 600kcal. If you eat more than 1500kcal per meal, you’ll gain fat. With gainer you gain fat without knowing it.

Healthy gainer recipe

  • Whey isolate

  • Oatmeal => 1/2 cup  (slow carb, fiber)

  • Banana

  • Almond/Peanut butter => 1 tablespoon or coco oil (good lipid) or linseed

Mix it with water or organic milk or coconut/almond milk

healty mass weight gainer

Whey isolate is 25gr of protein, oatmeal is 16gr of protein and peanut butter is 10gr of protein. Total => 51gr of protein. You save money and you eat great source of protein.

I hope I convinced you to not take weight or mass gainer !

What was your experience with mass/weight gainer ?

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph