What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in biomechanics to avoid injuries. I read « Sport Medicine Media Guide » and I learned some good stuff.
We regularly read in news articles, the use of anabolic steroids or performance enhancing drugs by elite athlete. But you should know that these dangerous drugs are more and more used by children in college, high-school and middle school.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic derivatives of testosterone. Testosterone is a male sex hormone. Steroids help to create new proteins to increase the size and strength of muscles. The body is already doing this process naturally but steroids increase the activity of this normal process. Find performance enhancing drugs in communities, gyms or internet is easy.
Steroids are consumed orally or by injection. Anabolic steroids in themselves aren’t effective. However, when they’re used at the same time with a strength training, they increase the strength in an impressive way.
Performance enhancing drugs allow an athlete to have bigger and more powerful muscles, but users may have deadly health problems. Performance enhancing drugs have several side effects that continue to work even after you stop using them. Users are also more likely to have risky behaviors such as having unsafe sex or taking illegal drugs.
Symptoms of use of anabolic steroids are :
Acne (often severe) visible on the face and back
Severe mood change such as extreme aggression or suicidal behavior
Premature balding, breast enlargement (gynecomastia), irreversible shrinking of testicles in boys.
Deeper voice, shrinking breast and clitoral enlargement in girls
Dangerous enlargement of the heart that can increase bad cholesterol and blood pressure.
Irreversible liver damage
In children, premature closure of the growth plates, stopping normal growth of bones.
A reason to take anabolic steroids
Anabolic steroids may be advisable for people who have lost testicular function like men with a testicular tumor. They’re also advised in some type of anemia to stimulate the bone morrow.
The true is the problems of performance enhancing drugs aren’t solely related to elite athletes. Children are also exposed to this every day. Ask kids what they know about these drugs. Ask them if they know anyone in their school class who uses these drugs. Ask them if they know the dangers of these drugs. If you think that your children or children in your family might be experiencing these drugs, talk to your doctor.
It’s also important to talk to coaches and ask them if leagues or schools require annual physical exams for athletes. A physical examination by a doctor can detect the use of performance enhancing drugs in athletes (doping test). Ask coaches if any of their athletes have experienced performance enhancing drugs.
As many as four 4 American children and teens are using performance enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids.
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P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .
I have just enrolled in a Data Science course on Udemy and I learned good stuff.
In this article we will start using statistics. Don’t worry we’ll do something simple, we’ll use the Chi-square test in a basic way. There is a special section to learn how to do statistics at an advanced level.
I’ll explain why we’re going to learn how to use the Chi-square test. The results we have with theses 2 bar charts are good. We see on theses 2 bar charts that age has a significant impact on the rate of client leaving the bank. We also see in which age groups the clients leaves the bank the most and which age groups the clients leave the bank the least. With that we have good insights.
In the A/B test « Gender », we can see that there is a correlation between the male and female sex and the choice to leave the bank. But as I said before, this A/B test is basic. The results of a basic A/B test visually shows us what is probably happenning in reality but we aren’t 100% sure of these results. To validate these results, we need do to use statistical tests like Chi-square test.
Doing a report based on basic A/B test is very risky and you can have completely false insights. I don’t advise you to do it (unless you want to leave your job). It’s for this reason that using Chi-square will help us to have strong insights.
Chi-square will allow us to know if our results are statistically significant. Our results are based on a sample of 10 000 clients and Chi-square test will tell us if these results are due to chance effects or if these results can represent all the client of the bank.
For example in our A/B test « Gender », we observed that in our sample of 10 000 clients, women are more likely to leave the bank compared to men.
Now, we aren’t sure if the results of this sample represent the behavior of all the bank’s clients.
To use basic Chi-square test, we use an online tool. Click here .
On internet, there are plenty of websites to do a Chi-square test but we’ll use this one so that you can understand how it works. To do a Chi-square test, we need to use absolute values and in our A/B test we have percentage.
Let’s go back to Tableau. We’ll create a new tab with a version of A/B test with absolute values. In this way, we keep the A/B test with the percentages. Do a right-click on the « Gender » tab and select « Duplicate ».
Name the new tab « Gender Actual » to specify that it’s absolute values.
To have the absolute values, move « Number of Records » in « Measures » to the « Marks » area and put it over top of « SUM(Number of Records ».
Move « Number of Records » in « Measures » to « Rows » over « SUM(Number of Records ».
Cool, we have our absolute values.
We also need total absolute values, which means the total number of men and women. There is a very fast way to get that. Right-click on the vertical axis and select « Add Reference Line ».
Then in « Value », click on the drop-down on the right and select « Sum » to have the total sum of the observations.
And in « Scope », you select « Per Cell » option to specify that you want the total sums for each category, male and female.
Now, we have the total sum at the top of the bars. We will modify labels to have the absolute values. In « Label », we will change « Computation » to « Value » and click on the « OK » button.
Perfect, we have the total amount of observation at the top of each bar : 4543 women and 5457 men. We have what we need to use our online tool.
OK, I’ll explain how this tool works. « Sample1 » and « Sample2 » correspond to the independent variable « Gender ». You choose in which order you enter the data, « Sample1 » for men or the opposite. In our case, we use « Sample1 » for women and « Sample2 » for men.
« #success » corresponds to the result Y=1, which means in our case « yes, the client left the bank ».
« #trials » is the total number of observations, which means the total number of women in « Sample1 » and the total number of men « Sample2 ».
That’s how you enter the data :
For « Sample1 » in #success, you enter 1139 because there are 1139 women who left the bank. For « Sample1 » in #trials, you enter 4543 because there are 4543 women in total.
For « Sample2 » in #success, you enter 898 because there are 898 men who left the bank. For « Sample2 » in #trials, you enter 5457 because there are 5457 men in total.
Here is the verdict : « Sample1 is more successful ». « Sample1 » corresponds to women and #success is :« yes, the client left the bank ». This verdict means that of all the bank’s client, women are more likely to leave the bank than men. And look, there is something important, it’s « p<0.001 ». This means that the « p » is strictly less than 0.001.
« p » is the value that indicates whether an independent variable has a statistically significant effect on a dependent variable. In our case, the independent variable is « Gender » and the dependent variable is « Exited », which is : « yes, the client left the bank ». So « p » is strictly less than 0.001, which means that the independent variable « Gender » has a statistically significant effect on the dependent variable « Exited ». This shows us that out of the total number of bank’s clients, women are more likely to leave the bank than men.
This is how we use Chi-square test with this online tool. This is the same principle on all online tools that you can find on Google or DuckDuckGo . You can repeat these instructions that I gave you with other tools, you will get the same results.
It’s cool with the Chi-square we validated the A/B test and to specify that this A/B test is validated, we’ll color the tab in green.
Right-click on the tab, select « Color » and select « Green ».
Perfect, now we’ll validate another A/B test. Selects « HasCreditCard » tab.
We’re going to create an A/B test « HasCreditCard » only with absolute values. To save time, right-click on « Gender Actual » tab and select « Duplicate ».
We’ll remove the green color on the tab « Gender Actual (2) ». Right-click on the tab and select « Color » and « None ».
You rename the tab « HasCreditCard Actual ».
Move the variable « HasCrCard » over « Gender » in « Columns ».
Excellent, everything is ready to do a Chi-square test. We’ll remove « Exited » labels to better see the absolutes values. Make a click and drag out.
Perfect, let’s go back to our online tool. In this case, « Sample1 » is « no », which means client who don’t have credit card and « Sample2 » for « yes », which means clients who have a credit card.
That’s how you enter the data :
For « Sample1 » in #success, you enter 613 because there are 613 clients who left the bank. For « Sample1 » in #trials, you enter 2945 because there are 2945 clients who don’t have a credit card.
For « Sample2 » in #success, you enter 1424 because there are 1424 clients who left the bank. For « Sample2 » in #trials, you enter 7055 because there are 7055 clients who have a credit card.
Let’s look at the verdict, it’s « No significant difference ». « p » value is very high, it’s above 5%. This confirms that the independent variable « HasCrCard » has no statistically significant effect on the dependent variable « Exited ». That was the conclusion we had made when we had done the A/B test with percentages.
We had seen that there was 21% of « Exited » (clients who left the bank) in the category « no » and 20% in the category « yes ». With these results we concluded that most likely the variable « HasCrCard » had no impact on the rate of clients who left the bank. Chi-square test confirms our conclusion and we can put the tab « HasCrCard » in green to say that it’s OK.
Right-click on the tab « HasCreditCard » => « Color » => « Green ».
Excellent, now, you can do a statistical A/B test with 2 categories. Soon, we will do statistical A/B tests with more than 2 categories.
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Taste is a bit of an amalgam of 5 senses because it’s necessary to use 5 senses to have the full sensation of taste in the brain. It’s enough that it misses 1-2 senses so that the flavor modified. When a brand works to be recognized by several senses, it improves the credibility and the memorization of the brand.
An effective sensory marketing is based on the coherence of the senses to increase the positive evaluation of products, stores and visiting intentions. This multisensory experience increases the probability of creating strong and lasting emotional connection with the consumer.
Cognitive ergonomics, pricing, distribution and sales
Rules of innovation, presentation product/service and a good selling price increases the turnover and improves a brand’s perceptions. Consumers spend more time in a store when the place is thematized, theatrical or with a sensory experience.
Creating nice design for the brain helps a product to succeed in a market. Certain specific packaging’s elements attract the attention and interest of the brain. Imaging and iconography provike emotional evocation, color awakens somatic makers, writing gives meaning to the product and the brand gives the product qualities linked to its essence.
The preception and the price of a product/service by the brain have important consequences on the amount of purchases. An inapproritate price compared to consumers perception on the price-quality ratio can cancel a sale. A consumer refuses to pay for an expensive product if the quality seems low. With a price too low, a consumer thinks that the quality is bad.
The psychological price, which is the price that a consumer is willing to pay to buy a product/service, is the fundamental basis for the price policy.
Pay creates an impression of pain in the brain and there are several solutions to decrease or avoid this feeling : payment term, credit, deferred payment, product/service presentation like Premium, billing per month rather than per hour, price below a fixed price ($ 299.99 instead of $ 300.00).
When stores are thematized, theatrical or with a sensory experience, it increases the presence time of consumers as well as the interest. The result is an increase in turnover and an improvement in the brand perception of the store.
Since antiquity, communication has used many subliminal techniques to be more persuasive. Subliminal communication target directly the brain’s subconscious. Ads is still based on Aristote’s rhetoric method to improve credibility and Cicero. Here are Ciceron’s recommendations : It’s necessary to prove the truth of what you say, it’s Logos. To reconcile the benevolence of the listeners by using the Ethos and to awaken in them all the emotions useful to the cause with Pathos.
This corresponds to the choice of logical and rational messages. Theses messages show indisputable arguments about the quality of the product/service on an innovation that other brands don’t have.
This is to give confidence or seduce consumers.
It’s about message based on emotions.
Communications can be based on hedonism to look for inner well-being or joy like luxury or sex. To trigger strong emotions and enter in the memory, messages can be violent as for example advertisements on the road safety.
Subliminal communication target directly the brain’s subconscious, bypassing the barrier of reasoning. Even though subliminal communication is prohibited in some countries, many methods are allowed and used in advertising.
Advertising entertainment is an advertising based on the spectacular using humor or art with the harmony’s rules like Golden Ratio , Vitruvian Man , eroticism, etc.
Brands works with emotions to influence the consumers brain to make purchase. Consumer’s brain is attracted by brands whose history is reminiscent of known myths memorized in the unconscious (copy by somatic markers).
Brands need to create a story, an original epic that can be told in the community and be told for several generations.
Community and social networks
Community and social networks influence the consumer’s individual consciousness, which make it a collective consciousness. A consumer has access to a huge amount of information from different sources in real time. This information comes from all over the planet. This access to information allows the consumer to make comparisons before buying. With interactivity, a consumer becomes a neuro-consumer-actor. We’re living the creations of a new behaviororal generation of neuro-consumer multiprogrammed, it means people who consult several media at the same time.
We’re slowly entering a world where zapping replaces logic and reflection. A world where people prefer sequential information based on emotion rather than linear information based on conceptual reasoning.
Several factors influence the purchasing behavior : free economy, uberisation or participative economy of purchases, return of auctions, the wait of the proposal of purchases of the last minute, used to choose from several references as with Amazon (70 millions products), geolocalisation use of different sales channels (social networks, internet, smartphone, etc).
There are methods to meet these new expectations, permission marketing and digital marketing desire.
Permission marketing allows communication only with prospects who have given their agreements.
Desire digital marketing
The digital marketing of desire is based on quality content and the pratice of « one-to-one ». « One-to-one » is the creation of a personalized relationship with each consumer and to develop this relationship.
Consumers saturated by the advertising of digital marketing gives a very limited confidence to the brands coming from traditional communication. They prefer to seek advice from people who have already tested the brand, product or service.
Use a viral marketing, buzz or word of mouth to spread positive communication on social networks across communities can seriously increase sales. This viral marketing, buzz or word of mouth is based on the oldest media in the world : the rumor. With the development of internet (website, blog and social networks), recommendation becomes more important than the communication.
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My intention is to explain masturbation’s effect on a sport activity without being vulgar. Masturbation is a normal activity for some people and abnormal for others. In some religions, it’s a forbidden or ignoble activity but it’s an activity that most people do.
Type of person
The open minded person
For this person, masturbation is a normal activity because it’s natural and give a good mood. It’s not something bad.
The guilty person
For this person, masturbation is an abnormal activity, ignoble but despite that, this person does it and still feels guilty after masturbation.
The obsessed person
For this person, masturbation is an obsessive activity. This person could masturbate every hour, every day.
The bored person
For this person, masturbation is an activity to kill boredom. He’s a person who has nothing to do in life or in the day and doesn’t know what to do, masturbation.
How the body reacts
The intensity of masturbation increases (black line)
There is a release of hormones, it’s dopamine. Before masturbation, there is a first release of dopamine that cause sexual arousal and there are other dopamine release during masturbation (blue line)
Sexual arousal during masturbation will start the process to have the explosion, this explosion is orgasm (red line).
Once the orgasm has happened, there is a release of hormones, it’s prolactin. Prolactin causes the loss of interest to continue masturbation. You satisfied and you don’t want to continue to masturbate. In some situation, prolactin can make you feel guilty (green line).
Stop masturbation for 1-3 weeks
There is a black line in the middle of the chart. This is the line of testosterone. When you stop masturbation for 1-3 weeks, there is an increase in testosterone rate. But after 3 weeks, the testosterone rate returns to normal. You have to base on your normal testosterone rate to see if your testosterone is affected by anything.
It’s possible that during masturbation, the testosterone rate is below your normal testosterone rate. In this case, it’s another problem and it’s necessary to see your doctor for more details.
Most people think that masturbation makes you lose testosterone. So if masturbation makes you lose testosterone, it means that masturbation also make you lose muscles. The truth is that this myth is wrong.
Masturbation and gain muscle
The answer is « No » because the elements that influence muscle gain are training program, nutrition and rest/sleep. The only thing that masturbation does before or after a training session is the increase in heart rate.
Now that you have this information, it doesn’t mean that I encourage you to masturbation several times a day, every day. You do this when you want according to your desires but in moderation.
Here are several scientific studies on masturbation and testosterone :
Endocrine response to masturbation-induced orgasm in healthy men following a 3-week sexual abstinence. Click here .
3 Weird but Surprisingly Effective Tricks & Tips to Raise Natural Testosterone Levels. Click here.
Lack of sexual activity from erectile dysfunction is associated with a reversible reduction in serum testosterone. Click here.
Studies on the relationship between plasma testosterone levels and human sexual activity. Click here.
Acute changes in plasma testosterone levels and their relation to measures of sexual behavior in the male house mouse (Mus musculus). Click here.
Effects of ejaculation on levels of testosterone, cortisol, and luteinizing hormone in peripheral plasma of rhesus monkeys. Click here.
Relationship between sexual satiety and brain androgen receptors. Click here .
Increased estrogen receptor alpha immunoreactivity in the forebrain of sexually satiated rats. Click here.
A study of the prostate, androgens and sexual activity of male rats. Click here.
Androgen Receptors: 5 Ways to Increase the Density and Sensitivity of the AR. Click here.
Scientists visit sex club for research into testosterone levels. Click here.
Male and female salivary testosterone concentrations before and after sexual activity. Click here.
Sex and Testosterone: Most Enjoyable Way to Boost Male T-Levels Naturally. Click here.
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You know, I had a lot of trouble stopping my worst bad habits. It was bad habits that sabotaged my life. Many people around me have the same difficulty I had because unfortunately nobody showed them a conscious step to stop these bad habits.
Think about it, eating healthier allows you to have better energy, better body weight and live longer. Just eating less pre-prepared meals and replacing that with healthy food allows you to avoid having hundreds of bad calories in your body and this make a huge difference in the long term.
It’s a concept that used in all fields of your life. I think you know the consequences of smoking and not playing sport ?
My old bad habits
Ok, I see you need to see concrete things so I’ll tell you the bad habits I stopped :
When I was 15 years old, I started smoking weed (marijuana) and quickly I smoked bong or water pipe several times a day. I stopped smoking when I started to train to have a body like 50 Cent. And after, I realized that I was smoking weed (marijuana) to get away from my daily worries. It was like pressing the « Pause » button several times in a day.
For several years, I have only read heroic fantasy’s books (Hawkmoon, Elric of Melnibone, etc) and no personal development’s books. It’s not a bad idea to read heroic fantasy’s books but read only that, it’s just entertainment. When I started reading personal development’s books, I realized that I had lost years of knowledge, references, tools, methods that today would be extremely useful to me. Fortunately, it’s never too late.
For several years when I was doing Karate or Kung-Fu, I had a bad diet. I only ate pre-prepared meals, pizza, fat foods, sweet drink, candy and I didn’t like vegetables. Today, I have a better diet and I’m proud of the result. Since I have a tool that allows me to have my diet under control, it’s MyFitnessPal on my smartphone (except for my Saturday’s cheat meal)
I like seeing the reaction of people when I explain to them what I eat at breakfast : rice(or pasta) with meat(of egg) and vegetables. I don’t know why breakfast is very emotionally loaded while this is the easiest meal of the day to change. When you only have healthy food in your fridge and in your closets, you have no choice to have a healthy breakfast.
It may be because of childhood memory that people like to have sweet things at breakfast but our bodies are evolving and we need to feed them differently. A child and an adult don’t eat the same amount of calories to be operational.
Wait here is another bad habit that I stopped. I used to play video games for hours. Sometimes with friends we played more than 8 hours non-stop. Once I invited many girls to my condo to do a « before » with my friends before going to the club. We decided to take the bus (public transport) because we wanted to drink a lot of alcohol.
The problem is that with my friends, we were too focused on the video game and we missed the last bus. The girls had gone crazy and they made us understand that it was the last time we (me and my squad) did this (especially an ex-girlfriend, it was sex versus video games). Since then, I haven’t completely stopped paying video games but I play much less because I don’t buy the new video game console.
I guarantee you that having stopped these bad habits had an incredible impact in my life.
Your future old bad habits
Now I have a question for you. What bad habits you want ? What bad habits can you replace with a good habits ?
I advise you to make a list of bad habits you want to stop. When you have chosen the bad habit you want to stop, put in place a simple action to stop it. You can’t stop a bad habit in one night. You need to have a constant simple action to have excellent result.
For example :
If you want to eat more vegetables, you can use this grandmothers tactic that is to eat vegetables before dessert.
If you want to watch TV only for 1 hour, read a few pages of a personal development’s book.
Leave me a comment with a habit you want to stop and that simple action do you use to stop this ?
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You company can help you to avoid discrimination. Discrimination is something real in our society. According to skin color, country of origin, sex, diploma, etc, you may be victim of discrimination. People can refuse you to hire, be paid less or not evolve at the same speed as the others, etc and it’s often insidious. Nobody will tell you in front but it’s in the thought of people.
Create your company is one of the best way to hack discrimination and to ensure that you suffer less of this discrimination.
Look, when you use a product or a service from a company, do you ask to see boss and employee diplomas ? No, because you see that this company is effective and it meets your needs.
But when you’re looking for a job, you know that diplomas are important. If today, it’s hard to you to find a job you like because you don’t have the diploma or you stopped school too early, create your company allow you to hack this problem efficiently.
Attention, there are some domains where this hack doesn’t work like medecine, lawyer or notary. Diplomas are necessary for these protected jobs but it’s a minority of jobs in relation to all jobs of the world.
Let’s be clear, it doesn’t mean that discrimination will disappear by magic. By exemple, if you’re in a racist or sexist environment that you’re employed or that you created your company, you will have the same problems but there is a way to have a company which greatly reduces discrimination. Create a company on internet, an internet company.
Create an internet company help to reduce discrimination because people doesn’t ask to have face-to-face interaction. You can sell in the whole world and you don’t have to put your picture on your website. By this way, you hack discrimination. Even if you choose to developp your « personal branding », you have a huge leverage in the whole world that you help you to hack effictively discrimination.
It requires to have an entrepreneur’s mindset, take matters into your own hands and move your ass.
I’m not saying that we shouldn’t try to change society but changes in society take decades. Here you have a concrete solution to reduce discriminations that keeps you from evolving as fast as you want
I lost a little bit my motivation to do a competition after seeing a Frederick Delavier’s video about competitions Bodybuilding (video in French) . I told you that in 2018, I would do a competition in Men’s Fitness and I was a little disturbed.
Frederic Delavier speaks with his friend Michael Gundill (a friend with he wrote several book about exercise) on the bodybuilding’s excesses .
Synthetic testosterone that makes the body stop to product natural testosterone, which is a big problem for sex (impotence); increased aggressiveness (roid rage) but bodybuilders are bad in street fight; Internal organs are increasing causes of growth hormones (prostate becomes so big that it prevents you from peeing); Hairs grows on the back or have the mustache for women; Increase ligaments and cartilage, which decrease flexibility; etc.
Decreased libido; decreased sperm production; The bodyfat percentage is so low that it stop libido because the body thinks there is a famine. Excess testosterone in the body is converted into estrogen (female sex hormones) which makes it more sensitive (cry watching a romantic movie); etc.
Steroids are very expensive and a bodybuilder can spend $ 1000 per week for food. If the bodybuilder doesn’t work or hasn’t his own business as a personal trainer or another, he can do gay prostitution even if he isn’t gay. Find a « Sugar Daddy » who pays him in exchange for some services. There are also pay-sessions with the webcam. I wrote an article on the subject . The Gulf countries are the new destination for this kind of thing.
The conclusion of this video is to do the difference between training and competition. It’s really two different things ! Competition is entertainment like seeing a rock concert, rap or music. Because seriously, musical artists, usually, they have a shitty life with a lot of drugs, but we like their music and concerts and everyone don’t cares about artists’s health ! Bodybuilding competitions is the same.
This is why I wondered if it was a good idea to do this competition because I don’t take steroids. I never have a hyper shredded and muscular physique like those who take steroids and I would be next to them on stage. But I remembered the article I had written about the competition I’m going to do. I don’t do the competition to win a medal. I do the competition because it’s my challenge, I want to see how my body can naturally evolve and to promote my blog too.
Jay Cutler had said that bodybuilders were too muscular for their bodies. It’s like being obese but instead of fat, it’s muscle. My challenge isn’t to have the buzz, it’s to show to my offspring how they can have a muscular and healthy body. This is a part of my legacy. If other person found my advice interesting, it’s cool but my priority is to build my legacy.
The matrix is here to entertain you and make you forget the truth !
And you ? What do you think of bodybuilding competitions ?