Protein (Part 1)

protein, food, chicken, bean, rice, avocado, beef, egg, bean, nut, milk

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in nutrition to stay in shape. I read some advices from Arnold Schwarzenegger and I learned some good stuff.

Your body uses protein to build, repair and maintain muscle tissue. Bodybuilders have a great knowledge of nutrition, especially the protein for building muscle. Since they want to consume much more muscle than the average person, they consume more protein than average.

Your body uses protein to build muscle only if all the necessary amino acids are available. The small problem is that your body doesn’t produce by itself all the necessary amino acids. Amino acids that your body can’t produce are called essential amino acids and fortunately they’re available in foods.

Proteins are made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen like other macronutrients, but proteins have one more element, nitrogen. Bodybuilders often explain that they have a positive or negative nitrogen balance, which means that they’re in an anabolic state (muscle gain) or in a catabolic state (loss of muscle).

Food and protein

There are foods called complete proteins, which means that they provide all the amino acids needed to create usable proteins. Milk, eggs, meat, fish and many vegetable products have complete proteins. Be careful because these foods don’t have the same amount of usable protein by weight. For example a food that contains 10 grams of protein, your body can use only 7 grams.

Here is a table that shows the amount of protein by weight and the protein’s amount used in your body as a percentage for the most common foods :

Food% Protein by weight% Net Protein Utilization
Eggs1294
Milk482
Fish18-2580
Cheese22-3670
Brown rice870
Meat and flowl19-3168
Soybean flour4261

(Whey is a byproduct of milk that contain much more protein than eggs)

This table tells us that an egg contains only 12% protein by weight. Despite this small percentage, an egg contains an amino acids balance that allows your body to use 94% of it. However, the table tells us that soy flour contains 42% protein by weight. But because of the amino acids composition, your body can use only 61%. This shows us that there is a difference between the protein’s amount in a food and the protein’s amount your body can use.

This is the end of Part 1.In Part 2, I show you that in cases where you don’t have complete protein foods, it’s possible to make combination of food to have the maximum protein used by your body.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .

Proteins And Kideys

protein

I watched a Jamcore DZ’s video  and I learned a lot of stuff.

When I started to train in a gym. I often asked myself this question : « How much protein do I have to eat at each meal ? ». I asked this question to people in the gym and I had several different answers. For example, someone told me that if I ate too much protein, it could destroy my kidneys or that whey (shaker) was better protein than protein from food (chicken, beef, eggs, etc).

I think you also ask yourself this type of questions so I will help you understand better.

Firstly, everyone knows that protein is very used in fitness and bodybuilding. You can find protein in food or as a dietary supplement such as whey, casein and amino acids. Protein are composed of amino acids.

kidney

1) How much daily protein is recommended for someone who doesn’t do fitness  ?

It’s 0.8 grams (gr) of protein per kilogram (kg) of body weight or 0.36 grams per pound. For this article, I will use the unit of mesure kilograms (kg).

I will take the example of Jamo who is a former professional bodybuilder who continues to train. Jamo weighs 95kg. 95kg at 0.8gr per kilo of bodyweight gives as a result that Jamo eats 76gr of protein per meal. Jamo want to keep his bodybuilder body without steroids. For this, he must eat several times a day and that makes a total of 360gr per day.

2) With sport, do these recommendations change ?

Yes, because a sedentary person will use more of his/her body, which means that this person will use more his/her muscles. The meals content changes with the sport and the type of sport. If we compare a person who is doing fitness and a person doing marathons, we see that the meals are different.

A person doing marathons needs to eat more carbohydrates than protein to have endurance. A person who does fitness/bodybuilding need to eat more protein than carbohydrates for muscles rebuilding and muscle growth.

3) Depending on the intensity, do these recommendations change ?

Depending on the intensity, the answer is yes and no. It also depends on the muscle mass. When a person is doing a really intensive workout, the most important marcro is carbohydrate.

An increase of protein is necessary when a person decreases carbohydrates to be shredded. Increase protein helps maintain muscle mass.

4) With age, these recommendations change ?

change

With the latest scientific studies, we learned that proteins need to be increased with age. When a person start to become old, that person loses muscle mass naturally (and it’s normal). It’s for this reason that it’s important to play sport to maintain muscle mass. And to help to maintain this muscle mass, it’s necessary to increase protein.

This a scientific study about it, click here

5) Consume a large amount of protein destroys kidneys ?

The answer is yes and no. In a case where a person has pre-existing kidney problems before playing sport, it’s important to see a nephrologist (kidney specialist) or a doctor. For people who have healthy kidneys, proteins don’t destoy the kidneys. Kidneys are the most detoxifiying organs of the human body and we (human being) have been created to eat meat. The human being is made to eat a lot of meat. Until now, no study has shown that the protein destory kidneys, except for people with pre-exiting kidney problems.

Here is a scientific study on the effects of high protein intake on the kidneys, click here . This study shows that is a myth and a lie.

6) Assimilation and MPS (mass protein synthesis)

Assimilation is when you eat protein. A part of the protein you eat will be assimilated for protein synthesis. Everything else, your body will assimilate because your body is made of 80% amino acids, so these proteins will be used for your skin, your hair, your eyes, your organs. Absolutely all the protein that you eat will be absorbed by your body, nothing is thrown away. There is no protein in you pee.

The goal of protein synthesis is to repair or eliminate damaged proteins and to build new proteins that are copies of the original. New proteins are stronger, denser and more resistant to stress. Muscle Protein Synthesis (MPS) is the reconstruction of muscle caused by stress placed on the body. This can be an injury (muscle tear) or because you intentionally damage a muscle (lifting weights creating micro tears in muscles). MPS process activated right after micro tears and can last up to 48 hours on a damaged site before being repaired.

A part of protein you eat is used for protein synthesis, which will create the state of hypertrophy with hormones. Protein synthesis doesn’t buid muscle, it’s muscle protein synthesis (MPS).

I just read again my text and I see that it’s a bit difficult to understand (for me too ?!?). To make it simpler, protein synthesis repairs your skin, your hair, your eyes, your organs and create the state of hypertrophy. Muscle protein synthesis repair only your muscles.

Here is a scientific study on nutrition and muscle protein synthesis, click here .

7) Liquid and solid protein

Liquid proteins are whey and casein (shaker). Solid proteins are chicken, beef eggs, etc. The diffrence is that the body assimilates liquid proteins faster than solid proteins. The problem is that the quality of liquid proteins is 75% bad on the market, so it’s up to you to study ingredients (as for food in supermarkets) to find the best quality possible. I wrote an article on this subject, click here

8) Number of grams of protein per meal

  • For men, it’s about 30-35gr of protein per meal. For women, it’s about 20-25gr of protein per meal.
  • For older men, it’s about 35-40gr per meal. For older women, it’s about 25-30gr per meal.

Here is an interesting study for women. Eating a large amount of protein has harmful effects on the bones. Click here .

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Mass Or Weight Gainers Are Useless

mass weight gainer

I watched a Jamcore DZ’s video  and I learned good stuff.

Mass or weight gainers are visual scams. Here the reason. You think you gain muscle because you bulk up but the truth is that you gain water and fat.

Why

why

Dose

Gainer’s dose are huge, it’s between 170gr and 250gr of powder. 250 gr of powder in water, it’s too weird !?! Let’s look at the powder’s composition. There is maltodextrin, the cheapest sugar in the business. Take it before, during and after the training session with dextrose is good to recover and recharge your glycogen stock. The problem is when you take gainer outside the training phase, you gain fat.

If you’re an endomorph, someone who gains easily fat, you’ll not improve your body, you’ll worsen your situation.

Compositon

Most gainers have between 46 % and 66 % of maltodextrin. Some even 80gr per dose ! It’s crazy.

Most people think they’ll gain muscle with this kind of product. They go in a shop, the seller their advice this and it’s gone. The truth is that you have to educate yourself, eat healthy, be focused on training and have patience. It takes several years to have muscle mass of good quality.

There is also a mix of whey protein. Thus, casein, concentrate, isolate and a little be hydrolysate to make people believe that the gainer is good quality. There is also creatine and the disadvantage of creatine is that it makes you retain water. That means when you think you gain muscle, in fact you do water retention. You look good in front of your mirror but when you dry or you stop to take gainer, you realize that you have less muscle mass than you thought. You deflate like a balloon, pffffffff.

We must stop delirious ! Track your food, track your training program,struggle like everyone els and be patient, it’s the only way to gain muscle mass of good quality.

Jamcore DZ (Jamo Nezzar ) is a former professional bodybuilder (IFBB). Even taking steroids, he took 8-9 years to gain 25kg (55lbs) of muscle. The problem with steroids is that destroy your organs and when you stop, you spend the rest of your life doing hormone therapies if you’re still alive. And it costs a lot of money, you can check it on internet.

I tell you already, all the pros or youtubers that you admire will not be there is 5 years. I’m telling you this because I’ve already won bets.

Meals

Each meal of the day must be between 400kcal and 600kcal. If you eat more than 1500kcal per meal, you’ll gain fat. With gainer you gain fat without knowing it.

Healthy gainer recipe

  • Whey isolate

  • Oatmeal => 1/2 cup  (slow carb, fiber)

  • Banana

  • Almond/Peanut butter => 1 tablespoon or coco oil (good lipid) or linseed

Mix it with water or organic milk or coconut/almond milk

healty mass weight gainer

Whey isolate is 25gr of protein, oatmeal is 16gr of protein and peanut butter is 10gr of protein. Total => 51gr of protein. You save money and you eat great source of protein.

I hope I convinced you to not take weight or mass gainer !

What was your experience with mass/weight gainer ?

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

The Confusion Of Whey Protein

confusion

I watched a JamCore DZ’s video  and there is good stuff.

People have a lot of questions about whey and they become crazy. Companies take advantage of this confusion to make money without educating people.

People who are misinformed think whey help to lose weight. It’s for this reason I’m writing this article to explains how work whey. The notion that whey makes you lose weight or make you shredded is not always the case because you have to follow a very special protocol.

There is 3 types of whey : concentrate, isolate and hydrolizate.

Look this metaphor :

  • Concentrate = Mini Cooper

  • Isolate = BMW

  • Hydrolizate = Porsche

 

These 3 categories mean the ability to assimilate, save and rebuilt your muscle tissue These 3 categories have the same goal, the only difference is the speed of protein’s absorption by your body. It doesn’t mean the concentrate is bad. In each category there is good and bad quality.

Whey

whey protein

The whey is extracted from cow milk.

Concentrate whey has a rate of protein of 60-80 %. The rate of carbohydrate is high because of of the sugar that has in the form of lactose.

Isolate whey is extracted from concentrate whey by a cold process to not denature the whey. The isolate has a higher rate of protein, less carbohydrate and the same rate of lipid than the concentrate. But there is not lactose. In the isolate whey there is not lactose then if you have flatulence, the quality is bad.

Hydrolizate whey is extracted form isolate. The hydrolizate whey is predigested by a a microfiltration process. This process make absorbing easier for your body. The rate of protein is higher than the isolate.

The isolate and the hydrolizate are more BCAA than the concentrate. The concentrate whey is the slowest to go to muscles to rebuild them.

All this works if you do the good things

Which whey take ?

All depend of your budget. There is rich and poor people. But what is interesting is that you can be poor, buy concentrate whey and gain muscle and you can be rich, buy hydrolizate whey and do stupid stuff and don’t gain muscle. The type of whey doesn’t matter because it’s the person who is organized, disciplined and who have goals that will succeed.

When take whey ?

when

It’s a snack between breakfast and lunch then between lunch and diner. You can take it after training, it’s better to take an isolate or hydrolizate whey because they’re rich in BCAA (amino acids) to rebuild your muscles faster. You can take also a simple source of sugar like vitargo that composed of maltodextrin and fructose.

Now, if you’re drying out, you can just take isolate or hydrolized to gain muscle.

When can take concentrate , isolate or hydrolizate whey (it depends on your budget) with a good source of carbohydrate (oatmeal and a banana) and a good source of lipid (peanuts or almonds butter). These good source of carbohydrate and lipid are better than mass gainer you can buy in shops. These mass gainers are a lots of crap and sugar in there. Don’t buy mass gainers, it’s expensive and bad for your body.

The notion of whey can allow you to lose weight by magic is a scam ! You have to do things right, it means follow a nutritional plan and a workout plan.

Whey is more absorbed by you body with water. Take it with cow milk is less assimilate, it’s a little bit better with coconut milk and almond milk. But the best way for your body to absorb completely the whey is water.

How much gram per meal ?

For men is around between 30-40gr of protein or whey per meal. It’s around 3gr of leucine that is responsible for the synthesis of protein and also responsible to rebuild muscles. Remember 3gr of leucine is important for the whey’s quality you buy. For women, it’s 20-25gr per meal.

How to know if it’s good quality ?

good quality

First

It’s impossible to buy 1kg (2.2lbs) of high quality whey at prices offered by brands. Because most of companies to sell whey at these prices (high quality whey is very expensive), they do what we called « spiking ». It’s increase rates by playing with amino acids to pass tests and sell more. The 2 countries in the world with the best whey quality are Japan and New-Zealand because their laws are very strict.

Second

You need to check there is 3gr of leucine. The leucine must be on the nutrition facts label or nutrition information panel on the whey’s pack. If it’s less than 2.7gr, don’t take this whey, it’s crap. Why ? Because normally you must have more than 2.7gr of leucine per dose (for men 30-40gr of whey = 3gr of leucine). If there is not the dose of leucine on the nutrition facts label, don’t buy it.

Per dose of whey, you should have 25 % of BCAA and the leucine should be at 11 % of the 25 % of BCAA (around 3gr of leucine).

The source of milk should be without hormones. It means the cow should be fed with grass.

The treatment of protein should be at low temperature as for the isolate so as not to be denatured. If it’s denatured, the quality decreases.

There is not artificial sweeteners and artificial flavor. The less ingredients in the whey, better is the quality.

I will not advise you a brand. You’re a smart person, now with these information, you’re able to select yourself your whey.

Searching, studying, have a great physique is not only the body, it’s also the mind because it’s the mind that make the body even more.

-Steph

Dictionnaire Musculation

incomprehension

Personnellement quand j’ai vraiment voulu apprendre la musculation, j’ai été complètement perdu par les termes utilisés dans les magazines et les sites internet. Résultats, il y avait beaucoup d’exercices que faisais faux et j’avais beaucoup de douleurs musculaires.

blessure musculation

En étant à la salle, hier soir, un gars m’a demandé 2-3 termes qu’il ne comprenait pas dans son appli, du coup ça ma donné l’idée de faire un genre de dictionnaire avec le vocabulaire de la musculation.

C’est la 1er version et moi-même je ne connais pas tous les mots donc c’est un document sera toujours en évolution, mais commençons avec ça

Quelques astuces importantes à appliquer lorsqu’on est débutant

  • Les temps de repos intra et extra séance ( entre les exercices d’une séance et entre deux séances), le temps de repos est très important sinon le surentraînement peut arriver plus ou moins vite selon les personnes.
  • S‘échauffer pour diminuer les risques de blessure.
  • S‘étirer, sans forcer, après la séance afin de faciliter la récupération musculaire.
  • Adapter son alimentation à ses objectifs (prise de masse ou sèche).
  • Faire un programme et faire des exercices dans un ordre logique pour avoir un corps symétrique.
  • Entraîner les jambes.
  • S’entraîner avec des charges adéquates (pas trop lourdes et pas trop légères).
  • S’hydrater durant la séance.

DICTIONNAIRE :

Petite truc:  vous pouvez faire Ctrl + F pour utiliser le mode recherche de votre navigateur pour trouver un mot plus vite 

Exemple : 3*10*90 = 3 séries de 10 répétitions chacunes à 90kilos

A

Abduction : Mouvement du membre vers l’exterieur.

Adduction : Mouvement du membre de l’exterieur vers le corps.

Amplitude : Quantité du deploiement du muscle lors d’un mouvement.

Anatomie : Etude de la structure et des organes d’un être vivant.

ATP : Adénosine triphosphate est une molécule utilisé par tous les êtres vivants. Elle est la base de la production d’énergie. Les stock d’ATP de l’organisme durent a peine quelques secondes, heureusement le corps humain a plusieurs moyens d’en produire.

B

Biomécanique : Etude de la physiologie des êtres vivants, d’après les lois de la mécanique.

Bodybuilding : Le bodybuilding (Body = Corps, Building = construire) est un sport qui consiste à avoir le plus de masse musculaire possible, tout en ayant le moins de gras possible, au moyen de multiples exercices, de repos et d’une alimentation exemplaire. Les bodybuilders se réunissent lors de concours où ils sont évalués par un jury.

Brûlure :

C

Calories : Unité de mesure de la valeur énergétique des aliments, c’est un des éléments primordiaux à prendre en compte lors d’un régime.

Cardio (training) : Le cardio training consiste a avoir une activité (marche, course à pied, vélo, natation) ayant pour effet une sollicitation cardiaque. (Souvent pratiquer lors d’une sèche)

Charge : Poids utilisé lors des exercices réalisés lors de l’entrainement de musculation (type fonte).

Chrono-nutrition :Type d’alimentation qui consiste à s’alimenter en fonction de l’heure qu’il est.

Compléments alimentaires :

Concentrique (Travailler en) : Phase positive : le muscle se raccourcit pour résister à la force du poids (on lève l’haltère)

Congestion : Accumulation excessive de sang dans les vaisseaux d’un organe, elle apparaît lors de l’entrainement, le muscle est donc plus contracté, plus dur.

Courbatures :Douleurs musculaires apparaissant après l’entrainement elles ne sont pas “obligatoire”, elles sont généralement atténués par les étirements. Personne ne réagit de la même façon face aux courbatures, certains n’en ont jamais, d’autres toujours après l’entrainement. Leur origine n’est pas scientifiquement définie.

Crampe : Contraction involontaire, douloureuse et transitoire d’un muscle ou d’un groupe de muscles qui résulte de la fatigue, de la déchloruration par déshydratation, de l’effet de toxiques sur les muscles ou leurs organes de commande nerveuse.

Culturisme : Terme français pour Bodybuilding.

D

Diététique : Science de l’alimentation équilibrée.

E

Echec : Travailler à l’échec signifie que l’on fait le maximum de répétitions lors d’un exercice jusqu’à ce qu’on ne puisse plus contracter le muscle travaillé (on appelle cela l’échec simple), si on utilise des rest pause on va à l’échec ultime.

Echauffement :Exercices qui consistent à chauffer le muscle avant tout entrainement afin de diminuer le risque de blessure.

Etirements :Exercices qui consistent à éponger le muscle des toxines accumulées dans le muscle durant l’entrainement, s’étirer évite donc les courbatures ou les réduit le lendemain.

Excentrique :Phase négative : le muscle s’allonge pour résister à la force du poids (on baisse l’haltère)

Exercice :Mouvement particulier qui sollicitera plusieurs ou un seul muscle, il peut être d’isolation (sollicite fortement un seul muscle) ou polyarticulaire (qui sollicite fortement plusieurs muscles).

F

Fitness :

Force athlétique : Voir powerlifting.

Fullbody : Faire une séance en Fullbody c’est choisir de travailler chaque muscle avec un seul ou deux exercices maximum pour chacun d’entre eux durant la séance.

G

Glucides :

H

I

Insuline : Hormone hypoglycémiante, cela veut dire qu’elle tend a diminuer la glycémie(taux de “sucres” dans le sang) et permet au glucose de pénétrer dans les muscles et le foie. On parle souvent de pic d’insuline a provoquer après une séance de musculation, c’est pour recharger les muscles et le foie en “carburant”. L’insuline favorise aussi la formation de graisse.

J

K

L

Lipides :

M

Maxi (RM) : C’est la charge maximale que l’on peut porter sur une seule répétition d’un exercice.

Mensurations : Prendre ses mensurations signifie “mesurer” ses muscles par exemple (la circonférence du biceps).

Méthode : “Type” d’entrainement inventé par une ou plusieurs personnes (généralement des bodybuilders) et qui décrivent le nombre d’exercices, le type d’exercice, les temps de repos à utiliser. On connait la méthode Weider, La Méthode HitLa Méthode WaterburyLa Méthode HardgainerLa méthode Hst et biensûr le protéo system appelé aussi Méthode Lafay.

Modes : Terme créé et employé sur le forum de musculaction.com, signifiant: X séries de X répétitions, et qui correpond à un exercice précis de la méthode Lafay.

Morphotypes : On définit par “morphotype” les caractéristiques physiques (génétiques) qui reflètent l’apparence (morphologie) d’un individu. Les morphotypes sont : Ectomorphes, mésomorphes et endomorphes.

Muscle : Organe composé de fibres et dont la contraction assure le mouvement.

N

O

P

Pause courte : voir rest pause

Powerlifting : Sport dans lequel il faut soulever les charges les plus lourdes possibles dans trois exercices précis :Développé couchéSquat et Soulevé de terre.(Aussi appelé force athlétique)

Prise de masse : Période pendant laquelle le sportif cherche à prendre du poids (souvent accompagné de gras), cette période est généralement suivie d’une sèche.

Proprioception : ensemble des récepteurs, voies et centres nerveux impliqués dans la perception, consciente ou non, de la position relative des parties du corps les unes par rapport aux autres

Programme :Ensemble des exercices d’une séance, définissant les exercices l’ordre des exercices, le nombre de répétitions, le temps de pause et le nombre de séries.

Pronation : Position des mains lors de Tractions (ou d’autres exercices), les paumes des mains sont tournées vers l’extérieur. (Par opposition à supination).

Protéines :

Q

R

Répétition : Une répétition est le mouvement entier d’un exercice, il comprend la phase positive et la phase négative de l’exercice. Un exercice comprend généralement plusieurs répétitions qui constituent une série.

Rest pause (pause courte): Fait de prendre un repos, d’une courte durée, entre deux répétitions d’une série afin de pouvoir faire une ou plusieurs répétitions en plus.

S

Séance : La séance est l’ensemble des exercices réalisés, elle comprend aussi l’échauffement et les etirements.

Sèche : Régime spécifique pendant lequel le sportif se nourrit de façon précise afin de perdre le plus de gras possible et par conséquent les muscles apparaissent plus nettement (par opposition à prise de masse).

Série : C’est le nombre de répétitions réalisées sans temps de repos, une série peut comporter par exemple 8 répétitions. Un exercice compte généralement plusieurs séries.

Split : Faire un programme en split signifie que le sportif va choisir de ne travailler que “quelques” muscles lors de sa séances et se concentrer sur ces derniers. Il va par exemple choisir de ne travailler que les épaules et les jambes durant la séance. (par opposition au Fullbody)

Stagnation :Période plus ou moins longue durant laquelle le sportif ne va plus progresser ni dans les charges, ni dans le nombre de répétitions.

Statique : Le muscle reste contracté sans s’allonger ni se raccourcir, pour résister à la force du poids

Stretching :

Supination : Position des mains lors de Tractions (ou d’autres exercices) les paumes de mains sont tournées vers le regard du pratiquant. 

Surentrainement :

T

Temps de repos : Temps écoulé entre chaque séries d’un exercice, ou entre deux exercices. Le temps de repos n’est pas à négliger lors de l’entrainement, il fait partie des facteurs qui font de votre entrainement, un entrainement efficace ou peu efficace.

U

V

W

Whey : Protéine de lactoserum (“petit lait”). Complément alimentaire qui “comble” le manque de protéines d’un plan alimentaire.

X

Y

Z

ABREVIATIONS :

ATP : Adénosine triphosphate

BF (Body Fat Index) : Le Bodyfat index est le taux de graisse corporelle exprimé en % du poids du corps (repris de la FAQ Lafay).

BPM : Battements par minute

BT : Barre de traction

CAP : Course à pieds

CAS : Corde à sauter

D.C : Développé couché

D.C.H : Développé couché haltères

D.C.I : Développé couché incliné

D.C.S : Développé couché prise serrée

DI : Développé couché incliné

DM : Developpé militaire

EC : Ecarté couché

FC max : Fréquence cardiaque maximale

IMC : Indice de Masse corporelle : pourcentage de graisse du corps.

prise de masse : Prise de masse
PdC : Poids de Corps (ex : Méthode Lafay = Méthode au poids de corps)

Ris : Repos inter séries
1Rm : Répétition(s) maximale(s)

S.d.t : Soulevé de terre

Sqt : Squat

VO2Max : Consommation maximale d’oxygène

 

-Stephane