Machine Shrugs

machine shrugs

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Standing in front of the machine with a pronated grip. You hands are a little larger than your shoulder’s width. Some machine allow you to have a semi pronated grip with you palms face to face :

  • Your head and your back are straight. You shrug your shoulders.

machine shrugs

This exercise works the upper part of the trapezius and levator scapulae.

This machine is excellent to do set with high reps.

Note

It’s funny because the clavicles and the shoulder blades are hung by the trapezius like the deck of a bridge suspended by metal cables.

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-Steph

How To Do Trap Bar Shrugs

trap bar shrugs

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Standing with your legs slightly apart. You’re in front of the trap bar on the floor or on a support :

  • Take the trap bar, paying attention to centering your grip (attention : with heavy weight, a poorly adjusted grip will rock the bar backwards or forwards).

  • You have your head straight or a little bent forwards and your abs squeezed. Do shoulder shrugs.

This exercise works the upper trapezius which is inserted on the clavicle, the acromion and the scapular spine and which goes up to the superior nuchal line the the skull.

The rhomboid major / minor muscles and levator scapulae muscle work a little bit.

The trap bar created to work trapezius by lifting heavy weights without rubbing against the thighs like dumbbells or barbell.

la barbell.

Note

People with long clavicles will always have more difficulty doing shoulder shrugs than people with short clavicles.

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-Steph

How To Do Dumbbell Shrugs

dumbbell shrugs

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Stand with your legs slightly apart. Your head is straight or a little bent forward. Your arms relaxed along your body with a dumbbell in each hand :

  • Shrugs your shoulders as high and as far back as possible

  • Lower the dumbbells to the starting point

dumbbell shrugs back anatomy

dumbbell shrugs rotaion

This exercise works the upper trapezius, levator scapulae and rhomboids when you press your scapulae together to shrug your shoulder to the rear.

dumbbell shrugs back traps anatomy

Note

With heavy weights, the shoulder’s rotation becomes impossible.

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-Steph

How To Do Barbell Shrugs

barbell shrugs

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Stand with your legs slightly apart. You’re in front of the barbell which is on the floor or on a support :

  • Take the barbell with a pronated grip or a over-under grip if the weight is heavy. The spacing of your hands is your shoulder’s width.

  • Your arms are relaxed with you back straight and your abs squeezed. Shrug your shoulders.

This exercise works the upper trapezius and a little bit deltoids.

Note

When you lift heavy with a over-under grip, it’s advisable to change the hand grip to each set to balance the trapezius. Do a set with the right hand with a pronated grip and the left hand with a supinated grip and the next set the right hand with a supinated grip and the left hand with a pronated grip.

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-Steph

How To Do Upright Rows

upright rows

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Standing with your legs slightly apart and your back is straight. You hold the barbell with a pronated grip and the spacing of your hands is a palm’s width or a little more.

  • Inhale and you pull the barbell along your body to your chin by raising your elbows as high as possible.

  • Expire and return to the starting position by controlling the movement.

This exercise works mainly upper trapezius, deltoid and a little bit brachialis, brachioradialis, forearm flexors, abs, buttdock and sacrospinalis.

The more you put your hands apart, the more you work your deltoids and the less you work your trapezius.

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-Steph

How To Do Machine Back Extension

machine back extension

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Sitting on the machine with your torso bent. The pads placed on your shoulder blades :

  • Inhale and straightens your torso at the maximum

  • Back to the start position by controlling the movement and exhaling.

This exercise works spinal erectors muscle mainly, the sacro-lumbar of the spinal muscle and a little bit longissimus thoracis, iliocostalis lumborum, quadratus lumborum.

This machine is excellent for beginner to gain strength to do back’s exercise more technical later.

machine back extension

What is interesting with this machine, it’s to change the weight and the movement’s amplitude during session.

Example

Do 2 sets of 15 reps with a moderate weight and a complete execution of the amplitude and then do 2 sets of 7 reps with a heavier weight and a reduced amplitude.

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-Steph

How to Do Back Extension

back extension

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Installed in the bench with your ankles blocked. The axis of the bending is done with the coxofemoral joint and the pubis is outside of the bench :

  • Your torso bent and you make an extension to the horizontal by raising your head

  • Then, you make a hyper extension (you accentuate the lumbar arch). Be careful, this hyper extension is to be done with caution to avoid injuries.

This exercise mainly works with all the spinal erectors muscles of the spine (iliocostalis lumborum, iliocostalis thoracis, longissimus thoracis, intertranversarii laterales lumborum), quadratus lumborum and a little bit the glutes and hamstrings (except the short head of the femoral biceps).

A complete flexion of the torso makes it possible to stretch the whole sacro-lumbar. By immobilizing the pelvis, what means that the axis of flexion is at the front of the body, effort is targeted on the sacro-lumbar muscles but less intensely because of the decrease in amplitude of the movement and increasing the power of the lever.

For even better muscle work, you can maintain alignement for a few seconds at the end of extension.

For beginners, there is a incline bench recommended for ease of movement execution.

back extension incline bench

Variants

  • By making back extension with a stick on your shoulders, you immobilize the part of the top, which makes it possible to target the effort on the lower part of the spine’s muscles.

    back extension stick

  • There is a machine that specifically targets work on the sacro-lumbar of the spinal muscle (the machine I use).

    machine back extension

  • To increase the intensity of the exercise, you can make the movement with a weight plate held behind your neck or tight against your torso.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph