Dietary Fats

dietary, fat, oil, fish, avocado, nut, olive

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in nutrition to stay in shape. I read some advice from Arnold Schwarzenegger and I learned some good stuff.

Of the 3 macronutriments, fats are the nutrients that are the most dense in energy. Fat is composed of the same thing as carbohydrates (carbon, hydrogen and oxygen) but the difference is that the atoms are not linked together in the same way. Fat is in plants and animals. Oils are liquid fats. Fats are insoluble in water. Fats are organized in 3 categories:

  • Simple fats (triglycerides)
  • Compound fats (phospholipid, glucolipid, lipoprotein)
  • Derived fats (cholesterol)

Here are the 3 fat’s functions in your body:

  1. Fats are the main source of stored energy (body fat)
  2. Fats help to protect and cushion the major organs
  3. Fats have an insulator effect, preserving body heat and protecting against excessive cold.

Fat is the most dense nutrient in calories 1 pound (453gr) of fat contains 4000 calories while 1 pound (453gr) of protein or carbohydrate contains about 1800 calories.

When you do exercise and stay within your aerobic capacity, it means you don’t run out of breath, your body uses fats and carbohydrates as a source of energy at around 50/50. But if you continue, your body will use more fat than carbohydrates as a source of energy. If you train for 3 hours, your body can use fat to create 80% energy for your body.

As you could read, there is different type of fat: saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturated. These terms mean the number of hydrogen atoms attached to the molecule. Here is an analogy with a string’s ball so that it’s easier to understand. Saturated fat is like a length of string in a messy clutter. Unsaturated is like a rope with some entanglements. And polyunsaturated is like a rope carefully wrapped without the sign of a tangle. The more fat is saturated (tangled), the more likely it’s to remain in the body and clog the arteries, which increase the risk of heart disease.

There are also other factors. Diets rich in saturated fat tend to increase cholesterol levels in the blood. Health experts advise that 2/3 of your fat intake is polyunsaturated fat.

Saturated fats are found in:

  • Beef
  • Lamb
  • Pork
  • Chicken
  • Shellfish
  • Egg yolks
  • Cream
  • Milk
  • Cheese
  • Butter
  • Vegetable shortening
  • Chocolate
  • Lard

Unsaturated fats are found in:

  • Avocados
  • Cashews
  • Olives and olive oil
  • Peanuts, peanuts oil, peanut butter

Polyunsaturated fats are found in:

  • Almonds
  • Cottonseed oil
  • Margarine (usually)
  • Pecans
  • Sunflower oil
  • Corn oil
  • Fish
  • Mayonnaise
  • Safflower oil
  • Soybean oil
  • Walnuts

Essential Fatty Acids

fatty, acid, saturated, unsaturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, omega,3,6,9,linolenic, linoleic, cla, gla, arachidonic, epa, dha, oleic, lauric, myristic,palmitic, stearic

Essential fatty acids are inevitable in a healthy diet because your body can’t create it itself- That’s why it’s essential that you eat foods containing essential fatty acids. It’s a shame because many bodybuilders have low fat diets and they develop deficiencies in dietary fat. Fortunately there are foods and supplements that provide “good fats” to avoid this extreme. Here are some examples:

Fish oil

Instead of eating low-fat fish, test salmon, trout or mackerel. Fish oil is needed by organs, especially the brain. You can also take fish oils as supplements.

Polyunsaturated vegetable oil

In vegetable oils, there are 2 acids that are valuable: linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Supermarket oils such as corn oil, sunflower oil and safflower oil don’t contain linoleic acid. Soybean oil is the only supermarket oil containing linoleic acid but you need ot pay attention to GMO. For linolenic acid, you can find that in linseed oil, walnut oil, pumpkin seed oil.

Monounsaturated fatty acids

There are the most harmless fatty acids compared to some polyunsaturated fatty acids because they don’t affect your cholesterol or your prostaglandins (regulators of the hormones action). Monounsaturated fatty acids are found in olive oil and macadamia nuts.

Supplements of fatty acid

These supplements contain essential fatty acids from fish oils and other sources.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .

Bad Fitness Tips

bad advice

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and I learned good stuff.

In the fitness world, there is a lot of contradictory information and it’s difficult to be healthy with this mess.

This for this reason I’ll give you  advice that my old friend Bobby told me so it’s Bobby who talks and Bobby says :

Clothes

fitness clothes women fitness clothes men

It’s important to have nice expensive sneakers to have results. You need to have the lastest Nike/Reebok/Puma/Adidas/etc.

For clothes, you need to have spandex pants because it helps to burn fat in thighs. You burn fat faster by doing less effort.

The gym is a fashion show.

Material

nautilus multi exercices machine

Abs machines

You need to have a machine like Ab Coaster, Ab Roller, Ab Chair, Hawai Chair (it’s the best ) . Abs, it’s life.

A training without being exhausted

It’s stinking to be exhausted after a training session, this is why that Flex belt is pratical . This is something else, Weight loss wraps . You put that on your body and your body becomes thinner, this is cool.

Shake Weight

If you’re a lady and you want to have arms toned, Shake weight  is for you. You do it 10 minutes per day and you’ll have results.

The 562 movements machine

Do you know Nautilus machine ? It’s the same thing. You sit down, you move your arms and legs and you’ll have a pro bodybuilder’s body. Don’t use free weight because it’s really heavy and really difficult to use.

Treadmill

It’s a machine when you use it, you feel like you’re walking on a hill. It’s better than walking outside.

If you want buy everything, I advise you to take a credit. Don’t worry, your bank will like it. Look this new generation of treadmill.

Training

luxury gym

Most expensive gym

I advise you to choose the most expensive gym of the town with the most machines as possible. You need to avoid free weight because it’s hard to be with people who lift dumbbells and barbells.

Subscribe to all gym’s classes

You need to participate to all gym’s classes like jazzersize, boxersize, supersize, sweatin’ to the oldies, dub-steppin’ to the newies, etc. You can just do one lesson, it’s cool.

Free weight

This is for lady. You need to don’t lift dumbbells or barbells otherwise you’ll have a bodybuilder’s body. If you need to lift a weight, I advise you to take the lightest weight and do 50-60 repetitions. Attention, you must not lift dumbbell more than 1.3kg (3lbs).

Change your program all 4 hours

By this way you shock your muscles. You need to change your training program very often to prevent your body from getting used to. There is 28-day workout split, it’s excellent. Tomorrow, it’s « left arm » day.

Diet

diet pills

Doesn’t change your diet

You don’t need to change what you eat. The proof is there are gym that offer pizzas and bagels . You need to take a lot of pills and shakers to have an athletic body. Diet pills, fat burner shakes, mass gainer, double up muscle building power, etc.

Supermarket

At the supermarket or grocery, you avoid all fruits and vegetables. Anything that doesn’t have labels « low-fat », you also avoid. You need to have healthy preprared meals. If on the labels there are 50 unpronountable ingredients on the label, it’s good.

Take everything that has the label « low-fat » like ice-cream, bagels, bread, cookies, french fries, etc. Takes whatever is « low-fat » is healthy.

If you don’t like to do shopping you can buy salads in fast-foods. Salads are healthy like macaroni salad, potatoes salad and deep fried ball of lard salad.

Energy drinks are excellent for you health, you can drink it like you want. It’s better than water.

Here was advices of my old friend Bobby. You smart and I know that you noticed that ALL THESE ADVICES ARE CRAP. Sadly, a lot of people think that these advices are useful and they become crazy when they don’t see results.

What is the worst fitness advice you have seen ?

-Steph

Do you want a free training program ? Click here 

Smartphone apps :

To track my calories, I use MyFitnessPal 

To track my training program, I use Jefit