Dietary Fats

dietary, fat, oil, fish, avocado, nut, olive

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in nutrition to stay in shape. I read some advice from Arnold Schwarzenegger and I learned some good stuff.

Of the 3 macronutriments, fats are the nutrients that are the most dense in energy. Fat is composed of the same thing as carbohydrates (carbon, hydrogen and oxygen) but the difference is that the atoms are not linked together in the same way. Fat is in plants and animals. Oils are liquid fats. Fats are insoluble in water. Fats are organized in 3 categories:

  • Simple fats (triglycerides)
  • Compound fats (phospholipid, glucolipid, lipoprotein)
  • Derived fats (cholesterol)

Here are the 3 fat’s functions in your body:

  1. Fats are the main source of stored energy (body fat)
  2. Fats help to protect and cushion the major organs
  3. Fats have an insulator effect, preserving body heat and protecting against excessive cold.

Fat is the most dense nutrient in calories 1 pound (453gr) of fat contains 4000 calories while 1 pound (453gr) of protein or carbohydrate contains about 1800 calories.

When you do exercise and stay within your aerobic capacity, it means you don’t run out of breath, your body uses fats and carbohydrates as a source of energy at around 50/50. But if you continue, your body will use more fat than carbohydrates as a source of energy. If you train for 3 hours, your body can use fat to create 80% energy for your body.

As you could read, there is different type of fat: saturated, unsaturated and polyunsaturated. These terms mean the number of hydrogen atoms attached to the molecule. Here is an analogy with a string’s ball so that it’s easier to understand. Saturated fat is like a length of string in a messy clutter. Unsaturated is like a rope with some entanglements. And polyunsaturated is like a rope carefully wrapped without the sign of a tangle. The more fat is saturated (tangled), the more likely it’s to remain in the body and clog the arteries, which increase the risk of heart disease.

There are also other factors. Diets rich in saturated fat tend to increase cholesterol levels in the blood. Health experts advise that 2/3 of your fat intake is polyunsaturated fat.

Saturated fats are found in:

  • Beef
  • Lamb
  • Pork
  • Chicken
  • Shellfish
  • Egg yolks
  • Cream
  • Milk
  • Cheese
  • Butter
  • Vegetable shortening
  • Chocolate
  • Lard

Unsaturated fats are found in:

  • Avocados
  • Cashews
  • Olives and olive oil
  • Peanuts, peanuts oil, peanut butter

Polyunsaturated fats are found in:

  • Almonds
  • Cottonseed oil
  • Margarine (usually)
  • Pecans
  • Sunflower oil
  • Corn oil
  • Fish
  • Mayonnaise
  • Safflower oil
  • Soybean oil
  • Walnuts

Essential Fatty Acids

fatty, acid, saturated, unsaturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, omega,3,6,9,linolenic, linoleic, cla, gla, arachidonic, epa, dha, oleic, lauric, myristic,palmitic, stearic

Essential fatty acids are inevitable in a healthy diet because your body can’t create it itself- That’s why it’s essential that you eat foods containing essential fatty acids. It’s a shame because many bodybuilders have low fat diets and they develop deficiencies in dietary fat. Fortunately there are foods and supplements that provide “good fats” to avoid this extreme. Here are some examples:

Fish oil

Instead of eating low-fat fish, test salmon, trout or mackerel. Fish oil is needed by organs, especially the brain. You can also take fish oils as supplements.

Polyunsaturated vegetable oil

In vegetable oils, there are 2 acids that are valuable: linoleic acid and linolenic acid. Supermarket oils such as corn oil, sunflower oil and safflower oil don’t contain linoleic acid. Soybean oil is the only supermarket oil containing linoleic acid but you need ot pay attention to GMO. For linolenic acid, you can find that in linseed oil, walnut oil, pumpkin seed oil.

Monounsaturated fatty acids

There are the most harmless fatty acids compared to some polyunsaturated fatty acids because they don’t affect your cholesterol or your prostaglandins (regulators of the hormones action). Monounsaturated fatty acids are found in olive oil and macadamia nuts.

Supplements of fatty acid

These supplements contain essential fatty acids from fish oils and other sources.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .

Incline Bench Sit-Ups

incline bench sit ups

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Sitting on the bench with your feet under the pads and your hands behind your neck. Inhale and tilt your torso without ever exceeding 20° :

  • Move your torso back up by slightly rounding your back to better target the effort on recuts abdominis

 

  • Exhale at the end of the movement.

This exercise work the entire rectus abdominis muscles and iliopsoas, rectus femoris and tensor fasciae latae (these last 3 muscles help pelvis anteversion). This movement is to do with high sets.

Variant

incline bench sit ups

When you back up, you can do a rotation of your torso to transfer a part of the effort to the obliques.

Example

A rotation to the left work more intensely right abdominal external oblique, left abdominal internal oblique and rectus abdominis on the right. Twists can be done alternately or unilaterally. The goal is to focus on the muscular sensation and it’s unnecessary to incline the bench too much.

Diagram showing the senses of action of abdomen muscle and the system of viscera’s compression

action abdomen muscle system viscera compression

 

  1. Rectus abdominis

  2. Abdominal external oblique

  3. Abdominal internal oblique

  4. Transverse abdominal

With quadrupeds, the entire rectus abdominis muscles passively support the viscera (like a hammock ) and help a little in locomotion.

With human being in bipedal mode, the entire rectus abdominis muscles have hugely strengthened so that the torso and pelvis is upright and prevent the pelvis from tipping excessively during walking or running. They became powerful muscles of contention and they built a strong core to maintain viscera in an active way.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you kow. Thank you.

-Steph

Beginners Errors

beginners

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and there is good stuff.

Chasing the illusion

illusion

« This training shocks muscle », « it’s a training from army » or « this diet work without change what you usually eat ». You have already heard these slogans several times I think.

This type of advertising always encourages us to look for the last training program, last supplement, DVD,etc.

We’re happpy, we can have an athletic body in 3 weeks with a training program. We believe it but after 3 weeks, we have little result, we stop and we depress. It was an illusion.

All the year, be consistent and patient, this is the solution. 2 elements are enough to be healty : diet and exercices. Matrix’s companies sell us illusions like « this training program target the belly’s fat ». These illusions have as objectives to incite us to buy them and not to help us to be healthy.

Select a simple training program and use it all the year. I offer simple and free training programs for all body muscles. Test it.

Remember, the body need a maximum of 12 weeks to be accustommed to a new diet and a training program. Once your body is used to it, you have to wait several years to have an athletic body (3 years). Day after day your body improves but it’s first inside and after outside. Your internal organs have priority.

Emotion

emotion

Our emotions prevent us from being in good health. Do you don’t believe me ? Here some exemples :

  • I did my training session today, I can eat cookies
  • I eat a cookie just one time. It’s good, another one
  • It was hard today at work, I need to eat it

We need to learn to control our minds by associating positive emotions with exercices and healthy diet. It’s important because we can have some cases where we eat 1000 calories of cookies and we burn only 300 calories during a training session. These emotions These emotions make us make exceptions and if we do them more often, we risk doing no training and healthy meals in the week.

Do meditation and follow a personal development’s program are great to reprogram our minds.

Tips to start

  • Use calendar’s alert in your smartphone for your training session

  • Cook your healthy meals of the day ahead

  • When you’re hungry between meals, drink water

  • If you want watch TV, do bodyweight exercices before

Pleasure

pleasure

Often people think that do physical exercices isn’t fun. They imagine that to be in good health, it’s eat salad and run for hours or be on a bench surrounded by athletic people. This image is enough to discourage a lot of people.

I’m healthy and I don’t eat salad, I have my portion of vegetables. I run once a week and there is others way to do exercices like strenght training, gymnastics, frisbee, hike, etc. Find the physical activity you like. If you do a physical activity you don’t like, choose another. You need to have pleasure doing this physical activity. If you don’t have any idea, do a search on internet.

Bulk

bulk

Women say often « I don’t want lift weight because I don’t want bulk ». Then women avoid dumbbells and run for hours and do crunchs. And if they use dumbbells, they choose the lightest possible.

Women have this behavior because in a women’s magazine, they read that to have a « toned » body, it’s necessary to make high reps with lightweight.

A « toned » body is a word or term create by marketing specially for women. Women can’t bulk up by lifting weight. To bulk up, it’s necessary to eat more calories than the body burn them. The truth to have a « toned » body is that you have to use heavy strength training with low repetitions

The most articles write in magazines, it’s the Matrix to ruin your life. It’s lies and the proof is that women are still looking for an effective training progam. Look, my sister still doesn’t listen to my advice and 4 times a year, she changes her workout.

A strenght training is great to build compact (or « toned ») muscles. Test a strenght training for a month, do a picture before/after and I sure that your pant’s size will change. Test it one time with a healthy diet.

Action

I know a lot of people that read a hundred of documents about fitness/bodybuilding and they don’t do a sport activity. Theory without practice is useless except to show off in front of friends. Einstein to validate his theories had to test them on the field. I don’t know, may be they’re afraid to choose a bad training program and diet ?

If you want my opinion, start today. Select a training program and follow it. The truth is that there is no perfect training program. And the secret of a perfect training program is to use it and adjust it month after month. Here are the steps of the perfect training program :

  • Select a training programme

  • Follow this program for 8-12 weeks

  • Track your progress

  • Look how your body change

  • Make adjustments

  • Repeats all these steps to infinity

Which training program you had the least results with ?

-Steph

P.S. Do you want a free training program ? Click here 

Smartphone apps :

To track my calories, I use MyFitnessPal 

To track my training program, I use Jefit 

Muscle Memory

muscle memory

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and there is good stuff.

Muscle memory is an action execute with a lot of repetitions physically or mentally. The body will learn to execute this action more effectively using less brain power.

Your muscles don’t have brain but rather your brain learn to create a procedure list to execute tasks as quickly and efficiently as possible. The majority of the time you do these tasks in mode « procedure » of your brain and this become automatic. It’s like cache memory in your computer or smartphone.

When you play at the first time to a video game, you must learn how the controls work (and you’re really bad). You must learn to :

  • Look left and right

  • Use gun/sword

  • Jump and rolling

  • Move, avoid enemies

  • Attack, defend, cast spell

After several hours of gaming, your muscles begin to memorize. After several days or weeks, you do these things effortlessy.

  • Defeat a boss with combos, rolling, attacking, defending and spell casting.

Muscle memory isn’t only for video games. This helps for several things : driving, cut vegetables, play a musical instrument, etc.

When we decide to be healthy in the real life, this concept of « automatic response » is an important element.

Unfortunately, this can have bad effects :

  • If you spend several months to learn badly to do squat, it’s very difficult to stop this bad habit and relearn the squat in the right way.

  • If you learn to play a song in a bad way (or another activity), you learn to your body « it’s the good way to do it », even if it’s the bad way.

  • When you are busy at school/work and take candy and soda to manage stress, you brain will be train to say : »it’s the most effective way to be happy ».

We really talk about to build habit. Muscle memory can help us to understand how and why we failed in the past and how to do to change it

Muscle memory in the life

muscle memory

We’re creature of habits. The things we do everyday like the way we walk, the way we talk, the way we sleep (or not), things that make us happy or sad are the result of hundred and hundred of repetitions of these activites.

When we try to create new habits, it’s a lot, a lot of work.

For exemple, rather than going to McDonald’s, we must remember of :

  1. Go to the supermarket

  2. Take vegetables and chicken

  3. Go home and prepare vegetables

  4. Cook chicken

  5. Prepare the table

  6. Eat

If you don’t have these habits rooted in your brain, just read this list can be exhausting.

Look this exemple : rather than stay a home to watch the TV, we decided to learn squat :

  • Get under the barbell

  • Tighten the shoulder blades and place the bar correctly on the trapezoids.

  • Inhale deeply and go down

  • Knees lined up with toes

  • Explode back up with proper form

You saw these 2 cases, there is a lot of change !

Automatics things like going to McDonal’s or watch TV, come easy. We’ve always done them and thex require little effort. It’s like a second nature. The second part (new habits) require a lot of amount of effort (don’t worry, you can do it). I tell you, there can have barriers or closed doors the first few times but you must not give up.

After all these repetitions to have healthy habits, I can confirm that train and eat heatlthy is a second nature for me !

How to build

how to buid

In the Malcolm Gladwell’s book « Outliers » , he talk about the concept to master. In his research, he found the the most experts spend around 10 0000 hours to master their professions.

The most important is to not to spend 10 000 hours to practice. It’s to spend 10 000 hours to do the good practice.

Play the same song on piano in the wrong way during 10 000 hours will only allow you to play with eyes closed this song in the wrong way.

Work actively on your technique with a coach or a teacher to focus on imporving all aspects of playing the piano.

To build this muscle memory in our life, we don’t need to spend 10 000 hours of practice living healthy but we need to practice. Without do regulary a healthy activity, you will never feel your new healthy activity like a second nature.

You need to :

  • Take one or two new habits you want to create. No more !

  • Make things easy to do this activity. Minimize difficulties between you and this new life activity that you want build. Find a way to complete this activity using the minimum of willpower.

Exemple :

  1. Take one or two new memory : Rather than to completly change your training program to stop to use machine and start to use barbell/dumbbell, change just one exercice. Instead to do Leg Press, do squat. After 3 weeks when you feel good with squat, you can change another exercice.

  2. Minimize difficulties for the new activity : Do you want run every morning ? Sleep with your running clothes, put your alarm clock across the bedroom and put your running shoes next to the alarm clock. You are half ready, right ?

  3. Remove the need to remember what you need to do : I rename the alarm of my smartphone « Meditation ». When I wake up, my smartphone tell me to do my meditation.

  4. Eliminate the need to use the willpower : I spoke of willpower. We all know we need to eat healthy and do more exercice but we don’t do it. Then when we try to rewrite our DNA and our second nature, we must be strategic.

    If you are always tired after school/work and you miss your training, maybe is better to do your training in the morning before to go at school/work ?

    If you struggle with unhealthy foods during stress moments, do a « purge » and throw out unhealthy foods from your house. It’s harder to eat junk foods when you must go out to buy one.

    If you struggle to stop to pick foods from fast foods before you go home, change streets. Choice different streets to go home, streets without fast-foods.

The essence of all that has above is the practice. You train your brain/body as an integer to build healthy automatic habits.

Momentum is a powerful thing : If you can’t do all these healthy habits when you life become crazy. Take one or two healthy habits you can do and continue to practice. By this way, you don’t need to start back at square when your life will return to normal.

What new habits you want build and what tactics you use ?

-Steph

P.S. Do you want a free training program ? Click here 

At Our Limits We Have Growth

growth

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and there is good stuff.

We all searching inspirations and sometimes we found them with videos or in biographies.

Our limits

limits

The world’s chess champion Josh Waitzkin says in his book « The Art of Learning »  :

« Growth comes at the point of resistance. We learn by pushing ourselves and finding what really lies at the outer reaches of our abilities ».

Training shouln’t be boring

boring

The moste of people do training by constraint, somthing boring :

  • Run on treadmill ou sit down at a weight machine

  • Suffering by doing exercices during 20-60 minutes

  • Repeat it again

Everybody had this experience. Day after day, do same exercices, because we believe that with this way we will have results.

Training shouldn’t be a constraint. We shouln’t see it like a constraint but rather like a way to challenge our limits.

Each training should be exciting

You must exploit this excitation in you training to reach results you want.

Step forward

step forward

Step forward to get out of your comfort zone, get out of securitiy zone, out of your known limits of your life for an unknown adventure maybe dangerous. In all movies you watch, the hero get out of his comfort zone to become better and that’s what makes the movie exciting. You can have the same scenario in your life.

Where are the gate keepers of your life ?

  • Is it the weights that you have never lifted for a deadlift ?

  • Is it the mountain hike you would like to do but you have never tried ?

  • Is it travel outside of your country or continent and test your preconceived notions about other cultures ?

  • Is it to learn a new instrument or make new friends or attending an event ?

Security and the « know » transform us in zombies !

Take the control of your life and avoid the « good enough » syndrome. To do the bare minimum has never evolved anything.

It’s true, stay in your comfort zone means be safe but your growth depend on what you do outside of the line.

Celebrate each victories and appreciates the feeling of joy that you have each time that you have succeeded in a challenge.

It’s not to cross the finish line. We haven’t yet found the finish line then profit of the life’s journey and love the life’s game.

Growth happens at our limits, wherever they may lie. It’s how much we can become comfortable with being uncomfortable that will determine just how much we can grow.

To paraphrases Professor Barnhardt in the movie « The Day The Earth Stood Still » : At the precipice we change !

Which thing did you do to get out of your comfort zone ?

-Steph

P.S : Do you want a free training program ? Click here 

Create the Headquarter

batman batcave tim burton

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and there is good stuff.

We need to set up our own environment to buid our success.

Do it like superhero, look :

  • Bruce Wayne has his Batcave to create tools to fight crime.

  • Superman has his Fortress of Solitude

  • Tony Stark has his lab and J.A.R.V.I.S for his Iron Man suit.

It’s our turn to create our own headquarter to have success.

Our brain

brain

We’re creature of habits. More we do an activites regularly, more our brain need to use less his energy to do this activity.

Remember when you learned to drive a car, you was very very focus because you had to be attentive to :

  • Check mirrors

  • Hand at 10 and 2

  • Turn on blinker

  • Step on the right pedal

  • Keep head on a swiel and watch out for other cars

When you learn to drive you’re always tired after a session with a car and it’s normal because you create new habits. Now, you know drive, it’s a habit. You don’t think about what you must do when you driving, it’s almost instinctive.

It’s the same things with others activities like brush teeths, make a phone call or ride a bike.

When you do an activities a lot of time, your brain create a new and faster pathway that need less brain energy.

We need to build better habits by decreasing the amount of brain energy needed to do them.

Your decisions, your environement

home draw

There is 2 places where you spend the most of time :

  • Your home

  • Your School/work/spaceship

Objects from these environments influence your behaviour. Your brain analyze everytime what is around you and what you do when you see these objects :

  • If you see a vendor machin, your brain will say : « I can buy something to eat ».

  • If you see candy on your desk, you brain will say : « I can eat a lot of sugar »

  • When you see a couch and a big TV, your brain will say : « I can have a lot hours of entertainment here »

Now, look new habits we want to build :

  • If you want run after school/work – You need to avoid to sit on your comfy couch and avoid your rerigerator. The solution is to go straight to your bedroom to put your sport’s clothes and sport’s shoes and you go straight outside. You avoid all the house’s distractions.

  • If you want cook healthy meals – You need to eat befort to go shopping at the supermarket. You need to avoid all fast-foods on the road and go straight to the supermarket. In the supermarket, you buy only what has on the list and you go back straight to home to cook a healthy meal.

  • If you want to stop to check your messages on your email or social media 25 times per day – You need to try and force your brain to say : « I’m focus on the task I’m doing ». This case is the same thing that to type a blog’s article in middle of Disney’s World Park.

Audit your headquarter

audit

There is several exemple of how you can do an audit to your own headquarter to take better decisions.

  • Watch too much TV ?  Cancel your annual subscription tv or cable (you will save a lot of money). Buy an Android TV (Google), Apple TV or Netflix and paid only for the shows you want watch. It’s difficult to watch shitty shows and you can’t change to watch your favorite shows.

  • Lose your time on your computer ?  Block yourself of website you check every 5 minutes (Facebook, etc). I will write an article to increase your productivity with your computer.

  • You want run every morning ? Sleep with your sport’s clothes and your sport’s shoes next to your bed. Put your clock alarm across your bedroom.

  • You want train after school/work ? Prepare you sport bag before you sleep and put your sport bag in front of your front door to don’t forget it. By this way after school/work you will go straight to gym.

  • You play to much to video games ? Unplugged your system. By this way each time you want to play, you have to plug everything and when it’s finished, you unplug everything. Video games are cool but we must not forget the real game of life.

  • Tired to eat junk food ? Throw out all junk foods of your house. Because you know, it’s hard to eat junk foods at 9PM when you have only healty foods.

Note : Don’t make a lot of change at once. Stay focus to build one new habit to delete a bad habit. It’s easier to replace a bad habit by a good habit.

Which new habit you try to build for your headquarter ?

-Steph

P.S. : Do you want a free training program ? Clicke here 

Strength And Honor

gladiator russel crowe

Young or old, big or small, be strong is the best attribute that you can give to yourself. Maximus Decimus Meridius just like he to his army in the movie, Gladiator, there is a real sense of honor that comes with strength.

When I was in school, I often was not in the first to be selected soccer or basketball team because I was clumsy but also because I was weak. This is why I started seriously doing sports, Maximus taught me that there is honor in strength and I wanted it.

That’s how that started my love affair with strength training. Now I love even be stronger than ever.

Whether you’ve never made push up or deadlift. You prepare to run a marathon or simply be a better person, be strong is the best gift you can give to yourself.

This is a part in your life and I’ll tell you why.

We are made to be strong ! There are many good things that came with technological advances but now that our survival isn’t related to our strength, it’s not something « necessary ».

However, we are genetically designed to move. To be active. To be strong. It’s in our DNA and it needs to be activated if you want to be healthier, happier, be a stronger version of yourself.

strenght

Besides, strength training improves memory, reduces anxiety and improves learning knowledge.

Don’t worry if you start with just a few push up and squat in your bedroom. Earlier you begin strength training, earlier you’ll reap the profits and regain control over your future.

I train my strength because I want to see what I can do. I want to know how I can become strong. I want to prove to myself that with enough time and focus, anything is possible.

I train my strength because I believe it’s my responsibility to become a better version of myself. I didn’t want to look at my past and say « what if … ».

gladiator russel crowe

I plan to live a long time and I know the best way to have a healthy and happy life is to be strong and I motivate myself to become stronger.

When is my next workout ? When is it ?

Your turn ? Why you train your strength ?

-Steph