Tear Of Hamstring Muscle

hamstring muscle anatomy tear

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

In bodybuilding, tears of hamstring muscles are common. This often happens during squat when the torso is too much inclined. All hamstrings muscles (except biceps femoris short head) are extremely stretched and squeeze strongly to straighten the pelvis. Precisely at this point, there may be a muscle tear in the upper or middle part of this muscle group.

It’s possible that the tear of hamstring muscle occur with machine (leg curl). There may be a muscle tear with a heavy weight at the beggining of the movement when legs stretched and muscles stretched.

Usually, tears of the muscular fibers of hamstrings are small and not serious (it’s rare to see a major muscle tear or tendon disinsertion) but these tears are always painful and causes complications.

Indeed, often after a tear on this muscle group, there is a fibrous scar that causes a painful and disabling rubbing for sport practices. And it’s important to note that this scar isn’t elastic and can tear again during an intense effort.

Tip to avoid hamstring tears

To avoid theses muscle tears during squat or deadlift, it’s important to make specific stretching movements for hamstrings, before or between sets.

There are also other exercise like « Good-morning », stiff-legged deadlift or Romanian deadlift which helps because of their combined actions of muscle building and stretching.

After a tear of hamstrings

To avoid having a fibrous scar, it’s necessary to do a re-education a week after the tear. It’s important to do stretching exercises for the back of the thigh slowly. This allows you to stretch the injured muscles and to soften the scar so that it doesn’t tear when you start again the training.

feedback of hamstrings muscles

hamstring muscle anatomy tear pelvis

In modern societies, we sit for several hours. This can create in some people a feedback of hamstrings muscles. This muscles retraction of the back of the thigh puts the pelvis in retroversion and this creates a bad position of the spine.

This poor position of the spine causes the natural curvature of the spine to be lost over time. This results in poor posture, flat buttocks and round back that can trigger spinal pathologies.

To limit this feedback of hamstrings muscles, it’s recommended to do exercises that have a combined action of muscle strengthening and stretching at the back of the thigh as the « Good-morning », stiff-legged deadllift and Romanian deadlift. Then after this exercise session, it’s advisable to do some sets of stretching for hamstrings.

Action of hamstrings at squat

hamstring muscle anatomy tear squat

During squat, hamstring muscles squeeze to straighten the pelvis. This prevents the torso (in this phase the torso is bound to the pelvis by the contraction of the abs and lumbar) from bending too much forward.

hamstring muscle anatomy tear

Note

Fibrous scars can also be treated in parallel by a physiotherapist with manual or mechanical massages to soften the lesion.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Find The Gym For Your Goals (Part2)

find a gym diffrent type

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and I learned good stuff.

If you didn’t read the part 1, click here 

Type de gyms

different type gym

You noticed there are several categories of gyms. That’s why you have to take your time to think about a gym that fits your needs.

Fitness center franchise

In the best known franchises, you will have cheap membership. It’s cheap but you have few amenities, some type of trainings are forbidden, free weight section is limited and often the staff has no experience.

Health clubs/Sport clubs/YMCA

Clubs look like franchises but they have a better service. There is more amenities, towel service, child care, pool, tennis court. Membership can reach $100, some type of training can be prohibited and free weight’s section limited.

Note : Franchises and clubs can be convenient if you travel a lot because with their membership, you can train in different cities.

Locally owned gyms

These gyms have a better equipement, a free weight’s section bigger and a better quality staff than franchises and health clubs. Membership is around $25-50 and it’s real that amenites are less good than health clubs.

Weightlifting club/barbell club/crossfit

It’s a room with bumper plates, dumbbells, barbells and pullup bar. With the membership, you have a coach and classes, that’s why it’s expensive. These gyms are open at certain hours during the day. These gyms have their own workout program, you can’t do your own workout program.

College/university gyms

it’s cheap and you need to paid upfront in full.

You can have a discount « alumini » memberships if you go to the college or university that you attended. If you don’t live near of you old college/university, some gyms offer memberships to family members of alumini or staff, local « senior » memberships or event just local resident memberships. What is great with this type of gym is you can have acces to their full facilty (pool, racquet courts, classes, etc).

Test drive the gym

test drive

The next step is to look for gyms in your city now that you know differtent types of gyms.

Do a test in gyms to see if the equipement meets your needs. Some gyms offer pass for 1-2 weeks. During the test phase, go train the same days that you plan to train after signing the contract.

Imagine that you find the perfect gym, you sign the contract and eveydays you train, it’s war. The gym is full of people and you can’t use equipement. This is a situation to avoid.

Here is what is important to see during the test phase :

  • Is there enough equipment for everyone or you have to fight to have a bench ?

  • Does the equipment work well ?

  • What is the gym’s atmosphere ?

  • Is it clean ?

  • If you go befoire school/work, is there enough shower available or you have to wait ?

You can read gym’s reviews on internet by searching with Google or DuckDuckGo. Attention, on internet people prefer to complain than to do compliments so be careful. For me the best thing to do is talk to gym members to know what is positive and negative.

Contracts

contract

A lot of people don’t want to have a membership gym because one of their friend had a bad experience to stop a gym’s membership. This for this reason it’s important to take your time to read the contract and understand clauses.

Here things to look at in a contract :

  • A membership termination clause because for exemple, you move or you lose you job. This is rare but sometimes you can stop a membership if you live near the gym. Usually there is a fee named «  early termination fee » (that’s what I have).

  • The possibility when you’re on vacation ou you have to work for several weeks in another city to freeze your membership.

  • If the gym goes bankrupt, what happens to members ?

  • Membership renewal is automatic ?

You know salespersons work with commission so if a sales person make you a promise, make sure that this promise is in writing. Taking the contract at home is the thing I advise you to read it quietly and understand clauses.

If you feel that the salesperson put pression on you or that you don’t feel comfortable for another reason, leave the gym.

Note : There are states that has specific laws. For exemple, you can cancel the contract only 2 days after signed it. It would be a shame if you signed this type of contract without being aware of this clause. This is why it’s important to take the contract at home to read it quietly.

Here different membership’s fees :

  • Activation fee

    You pay these fees when you’re a new member. You pay these fees once.

  • Monthly cost

    it’s a fee you pay every month

  • Maintenance fee

You pay these fees per year. Attention, some gyms have a special clause that says : « We don’t have this kind of fee now but later, it’s possible to add these fees without telling you ». Be sure to know this clause if it is in your contract.

When I enrolled in my gym, there was an offer for people who applied for registration on internet. Look at gym’s website to know offers but also ask always to salesperson if there are discounts.

In gyms, there is often a membership’s range of price. You need to negotiate, don’t hesitate. Don’t forget that the more you take the more expensive membership, the more the salesperson will have a larger commission. If the salesperson tell you : « No », it doesn’t matter, you tried to get the best price.

By negotiating, somethimes you can register in a gym for the first time without paying the activation fees. To do it, you need to talk to the person who has permission to do this. Sometimes they can call you 1-2 days after to offer you an exceptional offer.

You can also have a nice offer by paying an annual membership up front. Look at the price difference.

Also you can have offers with you health insurance. It’s always with a limited number of gym but look if you have this option.

Stay focus

stay focus

The difference between a workout at home and a workout in a gym is that in a workout in a gym, you can really make your potential evolve to the maximum.

For exemple, if you do a barbell’s workout, you will have always heavy weight plates to go to the next level. It’s the same thing for dumbbells. You need heavier, it’s here. No need to worry about buying new.

Of course, there are negative pointst to enroll a gym. You have to move there (bike, bus, car, etc), you to wait if you go during busy hours, the cost and do your workout around unkown people.

I repeat, you can train at home to be healthy or gain strength with a bodyweight workout program. You can buy a set of dumbbell, barbell, kettelbell or a sandbag. You can do sprints or walk (like my father) outside with any weather and it’s free.

For me the gym, it’s an important moment of my day. It’s the moment where I’m focus on myself and the society’s pressure no longer exists.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Hack Discrimination

hack

I watched a Olivier Roland’s video  and there is good stuff.

You company can help you to avoid discrimination. Discrimination is something real in our society. According to skin color, country of origin, sex, diploma, etc, you may be victim of discrimination. People can refuse you to hire, be paid less or not evolve at the same speed as the others, etc and it’s often insidious. Nobody will tell you in front but it’s in the thought of people.

Create your company is one of the best way to hack discrimination and to ensure that you suffer less of this discrimination.

Look, when you use a product or a service from a company, do you ask to see boss and employee diplomas ? No, because you see that this company is effective and it meets your needs.

But when you’re looking for a job, you know that diplomas are important. If today, it’s hard to you to find a job you like because you don’t have the diploma or you stopped school too early, create your company allow you to hack this problem efficiently.

Attention, there are some domains where this hack doesn’t work like medecine, lawyer or notary. Diplomas are necessary for these protected jobs but it’s a minority of jobs in relation to all jobs of the world.

Let’s be clear, it doesn’t mean that discrimination will disappear by magic. By exemple, if you’re in a racist or sexist environment that you’re employed or that you created your company, you will have the same problems but there is a way to have a company which greatly reduces discrimination. Create a company on internet, an internet company.

Internet company

internet company

Create an internet company help to reduce discrimination because people doesn’t ask to have face-to-face interaction. You can sell in the whole world and you don’t have to put your picture on your website. By this way, you hack discrimination. Even if you choose to developp your « personal branding », you have a huge leverage in the whole world that you help you to hack effictively discrimination.

It requires to have an entrepreneur’s mindset, take matters into your own hands and move your ass.

I’m not saying that we shouldn’t try to change society but changes in society take decades. Here you have a concrete solution to reduce discriminations that keeps you from evolving as fast as you want

-Steph

Condemned to stay obese

obese transformation

While reading a NerdFitness article, I discovered that there was a study by King’s College London, who said : « the chance to returning to a normal weight after becoming obese is only 1 in 210 for men and 1 in 124 for women over a year ». If the person is seriously obese, chances are reduced.

What is this bullshit !?! Let’s look the study deeper .

The study

matrix mr smith transformation

« Of 278,982 men and woment, the study found that only 1 % of people who were obese at the start of the study were successful in losing weight AND maintaining the weight loss ».

What is highlighted is : « count calories, eating less calories than normal and exercise dutifully » failed 99% of people after 10 years.

When I read that, I see two things :

  • Once we’re obese, it’s almost impossible to have sustainable results.

  • Current strategies of conventional medicine to fight against obesity fail to help the majority of obese patients lose weight.

FUCK THE MATRIX ! You don’t have to follow Matrix’s advice. There are other ways to have a better health in the long term.

There are a huge number of study that confirms and validates that eating fewer calories than you burn (calorie deficient) gives results for weight loss for most people.

This Matrix’s study has given advice to 278,982 patients based on a strategy to be successful in the short term. The Matrix has only given a part of advices, that’s why they failed.

As Morpheus says to Neo, « There is a difference between knowing the path and walking in the path ».

Here’s what the Matrix didn’t tell to the 278 982 patients :

  • Understand how habits work (and behavioral psychology).

  • A good state of mind

  • An environment created for success

  • Understanding how sugar can be addictive

  • Having a support (family, friends, boyfriend, girlfriend, etc.)

  • And more

Instead, modern medicine advises people to move more and eat less and don’t say the rest. It’s obvious that this is a strategy for failure : when your environment is against you at home, when the society do everything to make it difficult to eat healthy and when your social circle is against you, of course only 1% of people succeed.

It’s possible to succeed, just need to adjust some things to make it work for us instead of against us.

The tools

matrix morpheus neo blue red pills

Having habits to have long terme success

Once you understand how your brain work to create new habits, you can change your bad habits to create good habits and develop them.

We start with small changes with we can live with and then changes become bigger. « I just need to try harder » doesn’t work, you need to understand HOW to try and then try smarter.

Diets don’t work

Temporary diets doesn’t work. Explain me, for 9 months you eat the « junk food » and for 3 months, you eat healthy food. With this strategy, your body is healthy all year ? No, and it makes sense.

Aim the long term. We’re making efforts to change our lives and a life isn’t short term. This is a fundamental adjustment in how we make decisions every day to achieve, day after day, our success.

Building a positive environment

We’re the product of our environment and we’re affected by all that surrounds us every day. This is why all heroes have theirs headquarters. The headquarters is an environment that is designed to relax and achieve goals.

Adjust your environment to avoid having « junk food » at home, avoid roads where there are fast food, sleep earlier, prepare healthy meal for all the week, etc.

The support

Going on war alone, it’s too hard. Why not create a team ? We need people to help us and inspire us to have a better health. Surround yourself with people who care about you and want you to succeed, don’t sabotage your efforts.

Knowing food

Eating 600 calories of cookies isn’t a solution in the long term compared to 600 calories of chicken, fish, avocado or vegetable.

The majority of processed food we eat today is created for a part of our brain is dependent on this food. The processed food transforms us into junkie who wants heroine. Junkie = Junk food.

This study creates two camps :

  • I know, that’s why I can’t lose weight. I’m condemned to stay obese, go to McDonald’s

  • Ok, it’s clear, it doesn’t work. I need to try something different. I have to be smarter than the Matrix.

Which camp do you choose (red or blue pill) ?

-Steph

Body Acceptance

body acceptance

I like your body, doesn’t change !

This guy must be stupid, he nearly have a bodybuilder’s body.

Give this girl a burger ! She’s too skinny !

Every day you hear someone with that kind of comment. It’s as if everyone knew how the human being’s body should be.

Accept his/her body is the first step to better health. Shame of being overweight or being too skinny ? No matter, accept your body.

You should have a body like that

bodyfat percentage

Whatever the body you have now and the body you’re having, there will have always some detractors (everywhere) to let you know that you’re different.

They say one of two things :

  • I’m interested in this type of person and you’re different. You should change.

  • I have this look and you have a different look. I have to change your look to make me feel better with my look. (Sometimes it’s also « I want your look but it’s too hard, then I’ll arrange to feel myself better »).

You’ve seen that. People like to tell others they preferred them when they were bigger or skinner. This comes from trolls on Internet, friends and family !

I saw that « Dad bod » is sexy. The belly full of beer and junk food is sexy. Hmm, that’s a joke! This is ridiculous and it has to stop.

Things to stop saying

stop say

  • «Strong is the new skinny ». This phrase is often with a picture of a sexy skinny girl and perhaps physically strong. The truth is you’re skinny, you’re strong, not both simultaneously. You saw how is hard for a thin person to gain weight. Matrix, stop your bullshit.

  • « This person needs to eat ». This is for skinny people. Many people have no problem to say « this girl needs to eat something ! » when she’s skinny but they never say « this girl needs to eat less ! » when she’s overweight. We all have different body types and people are naturally skinny. Girls or boys.

  • « Real girls have curves ». A real girl has a heart (I can’t believe I said that), it’s the only thing that matters. Real girls have curves or they’re skinny or she’s big or they’re small. This isn’t because she doesn’t look like the girl next to you that she isn’t a real girl.

  • « This person is too athletic. It’s useless ». It’s easy to make fun of the most muscular guy in the gym or the most muscular girl or afraid to have a bodybuilder’s body. But people don’t make fun about people who are good at soccer, cooking or drawing. Fitness is also a hobby (powerlifting is a sport like soccer).

Apparently the world has determined that it’s good to be in shape but not too much. If you’re a boy you can be muscular but not much. If you’re a girl, it’s cool to be muscular, but if you can lift heavier than a boy, it’s not well.

But why they always train ? They have a beautiful physique, it’s done ?!?

Who determines the body a person should have, right ?

Accept the body

love yourself

We’re all created differently. People have big bones and others are super skinny. Being big, skinny, tall or small doesn’t matter because we can work to have a healthier life.

You can see a person on the street and say : « This person haven’t a healthy body », but you don’t know that this person has already lost 45kg (100lbs) and continues to improve his body. And you will never know !

We don’t choose our genetic but we decide what we want to make at 100%. Once we accept our starting point, we’re responsible of our evolution.

  • Do you get a clean bill of health with your doctor ? You can be proud of your body but if you’re overweight and unhealth, things must be changed.

  • Are you working to be better ? For some, it’s a heavier weight for deadlift or a slimmer waistline or lose/gain 4.5kg (10lbs), each has its purpose. What is important is that you compare yourself to you from yesterday and work to progress.

This society, the Matrix wants us to be negative with our neighbors but it’s a waste of time, energy and effort.

We’ve a responsibility to be happy ourselves. We’ve a responsibility to do with what we have and challenge ourselves to be better and to do things to improve our lives.

I have two questions for you now :

  • Are you using one of these phrases to insult a person to make you feel better ?

  • Are you getting a clean bill of health or you use « I’m proud of my body » as an excuse to have an unhealthy lifestyle ?

-Steph