Carbohydrate

carbohydrate, bread, rice, pasta, potato

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in nutrition to stay in shape. I read some advice from Arnold Schwarzenegger and I learned some good stuff.

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in the body. All carbohydrates are sugars that are molecules containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Glucose is synthesis by plants through the photosynthesis process (using the sun’s energy) or by animals during the glycogen synthesis process. But be careful when I talk about glucose (sugar), I’m not talking about table sugar. There are several categories of glucoses (sugars). Here they are:

Monosaccharides

  • Glucose (blood sugar)
  • Fructose (fruit sugar)
  • Galactose (a kind of milk sugar)

Oligosaccharides

  • Sucrose(table sugar)
  • Lactose(milk sugar)
  • Maltose (malt sugar)

Polysaccharides

  • Plant polysaccharides(starch and cellulose)
  • Animal polysaccharides (glycogen)

The speed of which carbohydrate metabolized are measured with the glycemic index. A high glycemic index (a large increase in serum glucose) indicate that carbohydrates metabolized rapidly. A low glycemic index (a small increase in serum glucose) indicates that carbohydrates metabolized slowly or differently.

What’s cool now I being able to check the gylcemic index of foods on internet. For example, Chinese restaurant rice has a very high glycemic index compared to brown rice or wild rice.

carbohydrate, bread, rice, pasta, potato

Carbohydrates are the easiest type of food to turn into energy for the body. When carbohydrates converted to glucose, glucose circulates in the blood and helps muscle contraction. Glycogen in the muscle and liver stored for future use. A supply of carbohydrates is necessary for an ambitious bodybuilder for several reasons:

  1. Carbohydrates are a basic type of energy. Carbohydrate stored in the muscles in the form of glycogen will allow to train intense and heavy.
  2. Size of muscles increases when the body stores glycogen and water in individual muscle cells.
  3. Carbohydrates in the body have an effect that prevents the body from burning excess protein to create energy.
  4. Glucose is the main source of energy for the brain to be operational. Carbohydrate deprivation can have very negative effects on mood, personality and mental abilities.

There is a reason why carbohydrates are really needed as fuel for a workout. This is because most exercises are anaerobics exercises. Anaerobics exercises are flushed through intense puffs and exceed the body’s ability to provide enough oxygen to sustain the effort. But the carbohydrates structure allows to continue feeding the muscles during an exercise for a short period without oxygen. Therefore, when you do intensive weight training or you run a 100 meter sprint, your energy for these efforts is mainly composed of carbohydrates.

Carbohydrate supplement

carbohydrate, supplement, powder

Intense training creates a demand in the body to replace glycogen and amino acids. Be careful that your body contains enough carbohydrates after training, otherwise your body may start using amino acids (protein) as a source of energy. The period during which the body is in very high demand for carbohydrates is shorter than for proteins. The best results are obtained when you give the necessary carbohydrates to your body about 20 minutes after your training.

This need for immediate replacement of glycogen is the reason why many bodybuilders use a carbohydrate supplement after training with a protein supplement. It’s very useful when you do a strength training with a cardiovascular session (treadmill, stepper or bike). If you do cardio too soon after your strength training, you’ll be depriving your body of carbohydrates. And as you lack energy, your body will quickly use your amino acids (protein) to create the energy that is missing.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .

Fruits are bad for our body ?

fruits

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and there is good stuff.

Most of fruits comes from trees, it’s for this reason they’re healthy foods. But they’re also composed of sugar and sugar is a bad new for our body. Let’s see.

Healthy

healthy

Fruits and vegetables are planet’s plants that are full of vitamins, minerals, antioxidant and even more.

Fruits are also composed of sugar that is why we’ll enter in the sugar’s science.

A fruit can have a combination of different sugar’s type :e sucre :

  • Fructose

  • Glucose

  • Sucrose (a combination of fructose and glucose)

This combination of sugar that grow with the fruit have a different effect in our body than processed sugar and high-fructose corn syrup.

The difference is fruit’s sugar has fibers and these fibers help our body to slow absorption of sugar in our blood system .

Fruits have a lot of things good for our body and eat them for snack or before a training is excellent.

Fruits can also be part of our healthy meals each day.

Caution

caution

When a person changes diet, an old unhealthy diet with a lot of calories and sugar for a new healthy diet with a lot of proteins and plants, this person may feel lost. Since our bodies have been sugar-dependent easily because of food industry, we must be careful.

When we want sugar, we should think to a fruit rather than a candy. By this way, we give a signal to our brain « Yeah sugar ».

On the other hand to not slow down your weight loss process, don’t eat more than 1000 calories of fruits per day. Burn more calories than you consume is the most important part to lose weight.

Since than food industry put a ton of sugar in fruits, we must be careful to not become sugar addicts. Eat fruits in moderation.

Fruit juice

fruit juice supermarket

I show you the scam ! It’s sugar water (apple juice, orange juice, grape juice, etc.). When fruits are squeezed in factories, there is all sugars but not fibers. And they add preservatives, another type of sugar for flavor and a lot of others ingredients. The scam is that food industry try to make us believe that is healthy fruit juices.

Here, 4 fruit juices, the most popular with the typical amount of sugar inside :

  • Orange juice – 21g of sugar
  • Apple juice – 28g of sugar
  • Cranberry juice – 37g of sugar
  • Grap juice – 38g of sugar

Make a comparison, a 33cl (12oz) of Coke contains 49g of sugar. These numbers are interesting, right ? Do you see the scam ?

Dried fruits

dried fruit

Dried fruits keep healthy vitamins and healthy minerals from fresh fruits and it’s very convenient to carry. It’s convenient for snacks but you have to eat if really with moderation.

We can eat a huge amount of dried fruits because they’re dehydrated then they take less space in the stomac than fresh fruits. The results is than we can have an overconsumption of sugar and calories very quickly.

A tiny handful (a small quarter of cup) of dried grape = 130 calories and 30g of sugar.

Tips

Eat dried fruits to a limited amount and avoid fruit juice unless you squeeze it yourself.

If you’re healthy, continue to eat fruits like you do if it works.

If it’s hard to lose weight and you eat a lot of fruits in your diet, increase your consumption of healthy lipid, protein, vegetable and decrease your consumption of fruits.

If you want to lose weight, eat real fruits in moderation and rarely dried fruits and canned fruits.

I know you’re smart then appreciate fruits and be aware of what you eat.

What is your favorite fruit and what is the fruit you eat in large quantities easily ?

-Steph

P.S. Do you want a free training program ? Click here 

Smartphone apps :

To track my calories, I use MyFitnessPal 

To track my training program, I use Jefit