Biceps Tendon Rupture

biceps brachiitTendon rupture

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Rupture or tear of the biceps long head is the serious injury the most frequent in sport

This injury usually appears on a muscle weakened by tendinitis caused by a sudden movement of the arm. Sudden arm movements are usually thrown like baseball, tennis, throwing sports and also Olympic weightlifting during the snatch. At this point, all tension transferred to the biceps long head which breaks most often where the tendon passes into the intertubercular sulcus of the humerus.

In bodybuilding, this injury is a little different, especially with the deadlift.

There is a technique in deadlift which consists of having a hand with a pronated grip and the other with a supinated grip to lift heavier weights and to avoid that the barbell rolls in the hands.

This simple technique is at the origin of the rupture or the disinsertion of the lower of the biceps (where the muscle is inserted on the humerus). Fortunately, this injury rarely happens.

During the positive phase of the deadlift, the muscles that work are legs, glutes, back and abs. Arms relaxed but they stretched as cranes cables.

Unfortunately, when a hand is with a supinated grip this shortens the biceps (the biceps is extremely powerful with a supinated grip). The result is that there is tremendous tension due to the heavy weights which cause the tearing or total rupture of the tendon of the radius. The biceps with a supinated grip works more than the biceps with a pronated grip.

In the deadlift, the injury is exclusively on the distal tendon of the muscle. The arms hang along the body, which causes the tension to be distributed at the top of the muscle between the tendons of the short head and the long head. For other exercises when the tension is at the bottom of the muscle, the tension is supported on a single tendon insertion.

biceps brachiitTendon rupture

The rupture of the biceps tendon causes a pain relatively moderate compared to the severity of the injury. If we compare the rupture of the biceps tendon with the major pectoralis or the adductors of the thighs, the pain is different. With a rupture of the major pectoralis tendon or adductors of the thighs, the suffering is so strong that the athlete must stop the effort.

It often happens that during a powerlifting competition, athletes who have a rupture of the biceps tendon during the deadlift, continue until the end of the movement.

When this injury occurs, there is swelling in the forearm because of hemorrhaging. But the most surprising thing is the retraction of the biceps which forms a ball at the top of the arm near to the pectoralis major and deltoid. This biceps retraction causes the brachial muscle in the lower arm to be more exposed.

biceps brachiitTendon rupture

It’s always possible to make a flexion of the arm with the rupture of the muscle, which less powerful than before, thanks to the brachial muscle, brachioradialis, long and short radial extensor of the carpus and the pronator teres muscle. On the other hand to make a movement with a supinated grip is a problem because the end of the movement is only carried out by a single muscle, the supinator muscle.

You have to be careful because this injury should be treated quickly by surgery to restore the brachial biceps tendon to the radius. If this surgical operation is not performed in time, the ball will have a fibrous transformation and retraction will be final. The arm’s mobility will always be possible but the loss of strength in flexion and supination is inevitable.

There is a solution to avoid this type of injury with deadlift with a bicep work to have a tendinous reinforcement. This exercise is to do a flexion only with forearms with a straight barbell. This exercise reinforces the biceps distal tendon but be careful by controlling the movement.

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-Steph

How To Do Reverse Chin-Ups

reverse chin-ups

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Hanging at the fixed bar with your hands apart with a supinated grip :

  • Inhale and pulls by pulling out your chest to bring your chin almost to the level of the bar

  • Exhale at the end of the movement

  • Return to the starting position by controlling the movement

This exercise works latissimus dorsi, teres major, biceps brachii, brachialis and a little bit trapezius (middle and lower portion), rhomboid and pectoralis major.

This exercise can be included in a program specific to the arms.

If you have difficulty to lift yourself with your bodyweight, you can do this exercise with the cable machine « lat pulldowns ».

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-Steph

How To Do Chin-Ups

chin up anatomy back

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

In suspension at the fixed bar with your hands apart with a pronated grip:

  • Inhale and pulls to bring your chest almost to the level of the bar

  • Exhale at the end of the movement

  • Return to the starting position by controlling the movement

chin up anatomy back

This exercise works latissimus dorsi, teres major and when approaching the shoulder blades at the end of the movement, it’s the rhomboids and trapezius (middle and inferior part). This exercise works a little bit biceps brachii, brachialis, brachioradialis.

This exercise works the back in thickness.

Variants

By pulling out your chest, you can pull to the chin.

If lifting your bodyweight is too easy, you can attach weights to a belt.

From a biomechanical point of view, do this exercise with your elbows along your body work the outer fibers of the latissimus dorsi and develop your back in width.

By pulling out your chest with your elbows back to pull to your chin, work the upper and middle fibers of the latissimus dorsi and those of the teres major.

chin up anatomy back

chin up anatomy back

Note

Pectoralis major works a little bit to be in synergy with the latissimus dorsi and teres major to close the angle between your arm and your core.

Evolution

evolution human being nature tree

Latissimus dorsi and teres major have an important role in the four-legged movement of our distant ancestors. They have the function of pushing the front legs backward.

During arboreal life, these muscles were transformed into muscles specialized in vertical displacement.

During life on the ground, our ancestors bought the biped but retained the possibility of climbing.

That’s why we have powerful back’s muscles to tow our bodies and climb trees.

Note

The difference that human beings have with our close relatives, the monkeys, is the development of lower limbs specializing in bipedalism. Our torso and upper limbs have the same structure and proportions. The truth is that monkeys don’t have long arms, it’s us who have long legs.

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-Steph

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Stretching Pectoralis Major Muscle

stretching pectoralis major muscle chest

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and there is good stuff.

Standing with your arm outstretched, grip to a support with your hand to slowy rotate your torso on the opposite side of the support.

This exercise mainly works the major pectoralis, anterior deltoid and brachii biceps.

Variant : It’s advisable to place your hand at several different heights to stretch all the pectoralis major’s beams.

Note : It’s an excellent stretch for bench press, throw sports, volleyball and handball.

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-Steph

Stretching Of Deltoids Anterior

stretching of deltoids anterior beams

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and there is good stuff.

Standing legs spreads to shoulers width. Your arms stretched behind your back with your fingers crossed. Push your arms as far back as possible and raise your arms slowly. Pull out your torso and try to touch your torso with your chin.

Keep this position for 10-20 seconds.

This exercice mainly stretches deltoid anterior beams, pectoralis major (chest) and brachii biceps. This exercice stretches a little bit the brachial, brachio-radial and all wrist’s muscles extensor.

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-Steph

Preacher Curls

preacher curls anatomy

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy »  and there is good stuff

Podcast

Sitting with your arms on the bench :

  • Inhale and flex your arms

  • Exhale at the end of the movement

preacher curls anatomy

This exercise is good to target the biceps, brachialis and brachioradialis.

arm anatomy

Note Because of the bench’s inclination, the tension will be very important during the complete extension of the forearms. It’s necessary to do a warm up with light weights to avoid injury.

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-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food. Click here