Carbohydrate

carbohydrate, bread, rice, pasta, potato

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE. With my training, I’m interested in nutrition to stay in shape. I read some advice from Arnold Schwarzenegger and I learned some good stuff.

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy in the body. All carbohydrates are sugars that are molecules containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Glucose is synthesis by plants through the photosynthesis process (using the sun’s energy) or by animals during the glycogen synthesis process. But be careful when I talk about glucose (sugar), I’m not talking about table sugar. There are several categories of glucoses (sugars). Here they are:

Monosaccharides

  • Glucose (blood sugar)
  • Fructose (fruit sugar)
  • Galactose (a kind of milk sugar)

Oligosaccharides

  • Sucrose(table sugar)
  • Lactose(milk sugar)
  • Maltose (malt sugar)

Polysaccharides

  • Plant polysaccharides(starch and cellulose)
  • Animal polysaccharides (glycogen)

The speed of which carbohydrate metabolized are measured with the glycemic index. A high glycemic index (a large increase in serum glucose) indicate that carbohydrates metabolized rapidly. A low glycemic index (a small increase in serum glucose) indicates that carbohydrates metabolized slowly or differently.

What’s cool now I being able to check the gylcemic index of foods on internet. For example, Chinese restaurant rice has a very high glycemic index compared to brown rice or wild rice.

carbohydrate, bread, rice, pasta, potato

Carbohydrates are the easiest type of food to turn into energy for the body. When carbohydrates converted to glucose, glucose circulates in the blood and helps muscle contraction. Glycogen in the muscle and liver stored for future use. A supply of carbohydrates is necessary for an ambitious bodybuilder for several reasons:

  1. Carbohydrates are a basic type of energy. Carbohydrate stored in the muscles in the form of glycogen will allow to train intense and heavy.
  2. Size of muscles increases when the body stores glycogen and water in individual muscle cells.
  3. Carbohydrates in the body have an effect that prevents the body from burning excess protein to create energy.
  4. Glucose is the main source of energy for the brain to be operational. Carbohydrate deprivation can have very negative effects on mood, personality and mental abilities.

There is a reason why carbohydrates are really needed as fuel for a workout. This is because most exercises are anaerobics exercises. Anaerobics exercises are flushed through intense puffs and exceed the body’s ability to provide enough oxygen to sustain the effort. But the carbohydrates structure allows to continue feeding the muscles during an exercise for a short period without oxygen. Therefore, when you do intensive weight training or you run a 100 meter sprint, your energy for these efforts is mainly composed of carbohydrates.

Carbohydrate supplement

carbohydrate, supplement, powder

Intense training creates a demand in the body to replace glycogen and amino acids. Be careful that your body contains enough carbohydrates after training, otherwise your body may start using amino acids (protein) as a source of energy. The period during which the body is in very high demand for carbohydrates is shorter than for proteins. The best results are obtained when you give the necessary carbohydrates to your body about 20 minutes after your training.

This need for immediate replacement of glycogen is the reason why many bodybuilders use a carbohydrate supplement after training with a protein supplement. It’s very useful when you do a strength training with a cardiovascular session (treadmill, stepper or bike). If you do cardio too soon after your strength training, you’ll be depriving your body of carbohydrates. And as you lack energy, your body will quickly use your amino acids (protein) to create the energy that is missing.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here .

Roman Chair Side Bends

roman chair side bends, abs

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE ! I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

This exercise is working on the bench originally planned for lumbar extension.

Put yourself on the side with your hip on the bench and your torso in the void. Your hands are behind your head or on your torso and your feet are wedged under the pads :

  • Do a lateral flexion of your torso upwards.

This movement works mainly obliques and rectus abdominis on the side of flexion. But obliques and rectus abdominis on the opposite side also works by making static contraction (isometric contraction) to prevent your torso from falling below the horizontal.

Note

During the lateral flexions of your torso, quadratus lumborum muscle works always.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Broomstick Twists

broomstick twist

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE ! I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Standing with your legs apart and the stick placed on your trapezius above your posterior deltoids. Your hands are on the stick but don’t press on it :

Make a torso rotation on one side then the other, keeping your pelvis motionless with an isometric contraction of your glutes.

This exercise works when your right shoulder is forward : the right external oblique, left internal oblique and a little bit rectus abdominis, quadratus lumborum and extensor spinae on the left side.

For more intensity, it’s possible to slightly round your back. A variant is to do this movement sitting on a bench, which will block your pelvis and focus the effort on your abs.

seated broomstick twist

It’s with sets of several minutes that you get the best results.

Attention

Torso rotations are prohibited for people suffering from low back or having had a herniated disc as this may aggravate or resurgence of this lumbar pathology.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Leg Raises

leg raises

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE ! I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

On your elbows with your back on the backrest :

  • Inhale and back up your knees to your torso by rounding your back to feel your abs contraction.

  • Exhale at the end of the movement.

This exercise works the hips flexors, mainly iliopsoas, obliques and rectus abdominis (it’s the inferior part of the rectus abdominis which works intensely).

leg raises

action iliopsoas muscle

Variant

  1. To target the work on abs, it’s advisable to make small swings of legs with your rounded back, without ever lowering your knees below the horizontal.

  2. To increase the intensity, the movement can be done with your legs stretched but it’s necessary to have a good hamstrings flexibility.

  3. You can keep your knees grouped to your torso for a few seconds to have an isometric contraction.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Floor Hip Abductions

foor hip abductions

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Lie on your side with your head and shoulders on line :

  • Raise your leg to an angle of 70 degrees (at the most off the floor, always keeping you knee extended).

 

  • Back to the starting position

 

gluteal muscles iseertions

This exercise works gluteus medius and gluteus maximus, It’s possible to make this movement with a large amplitude or a small amplitude. You can do an isometric contraction holding the position for a few seconds at the end of abduction.

gluteal gluteus meduis maximus

You can raise your leg slightly forward or slightly backward or vertically.

foor hip abductions leg vertically backward forward

To increase the difficulty, you can use a resistance band or strap a soft weight around you ankles or use a low pulley.

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Bridge

bridge anatomy

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

bridge anatomy

Lie on your back with your hands flat on the floor. Your arms along your body with your knees bent :

  • Inhale and lift your buttocks from the floor by pushing hard on your feet

  • Maintain the position 2 seconds and go down your pelvis without touching the floor.

  • Exhale and start again.

This exercise mainly works hamstrings and gluteus maximus.

This movement is to be done with sets of high reps because the goal is to feel the contraction at the end of every repetition.

Note

Easy and effective, this exercise is very popular in aerobics classes.

Variant

Bench bridge :

bench bridge anatomy

Lie on your back with your hands flat on the floor. Your arms along your body with your thighs vertical and your feet on the bench :

  • Inhale and lift your buttocks from the floor by pushing hard on your feet

  • Maintain the position 2 seconds and go down your pelvis without touching the floor.

  • Exhale and start again.

This exercise works gluteus maximus and especially hamstrings because hamstrings works more here than bridge on the floor.

This movement is to be done slowly, the main thing is to feel the muscles contraction. Sets of 10 to 15 reps give better results.

With calves on the bench, you’ll work even more intensely your harmstings with gastrocnemius muscles.

You can also do this movement with a small amplitude without touch your buttocks on the floor and looking for the burning sensation.

Share this article if you thing it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

Floor Hip Extensions

floor hip extensions

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Kneeling on one leg and the other under the torso. You’re resting on your elbows or on your hands and your arms outstretched :

  • Tuck your opposite leg under your chest

  • Move your tucked leg to the rear until your hip is fully extended.

floor hip extension

This exercise performed :

  • Outstretched leg works hamstring and gluteus maximus

  • Flexed leg works gluteus maximus in a less intense way

floor hip extension flex knee

This movement can be worked with a large amplitude or a small amplitude in the last part of the extension. You can maintain a contraction 1-2 seconds at the end of the movement.

For more intensity, it’s possible to use soft weights your ankles. The ease of execution and effectiveness of this exercise.

This exercise is very easy to perform and gives good results. It has become very popular and is often use in aerobics classes.

floor hip extension

Share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph