Roman Chair Side Bends

roman chair side bends, abs

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE ! I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

This exercise is working on the bench originally planned for lumbar extension.

Put yourself on the side with your hip on the bench and your torso in the void. Your hands are behind your head or on your torso and your feet are wedged under the pads :

  • Do a lateral flexion of your torso upwards.

This movement works mainly obliques and rectus abdominis on the side of flexion. But obliques and rectus abdominis on the opposite side also works by making static contraction (isometric contraction) to prevent your torso from falling below the horizontal.

Note

During the lateral flexions of your torso, quadratus lumborum muscle works always.

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-Steph

Floor Hip Extensions

floor hip extensions

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Kneeling on one leg and the other under the torso. You’re resting on your elbows or on your hands and your arms outstretched :

  • Tuck your opposite leg under your chest

  • Move your tucked leg to the rear until your hip is fully extended.

floor hip extension

This exercise performed :

  • Outstretched leg works hamstring and gluteus maximus

  • Flexed leg works gluteus maximus in a less intense way

floor hip extension flex knee

This movement can be worked with a large amplitude or a small amplitude in the last part of the extension. You can maintain a contraction 1-2 seconds at the end of the movement.

For more intensity, it’s possible to use soft weights your ankles. The ease of execution and effectiveness of this exercise.

This exercise is very easy to perform and gives good results. It has become very popular and is often use in aerobics classes.

floor hip extension

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-Steph

Cable Back Kicks

cable back kicks glutes anatomy

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

Standing in front of the machine with your hands on the handle. Your pelvis tilted forward. You’re standing on one leg and the other connected to the low pulley :

  • Tilt your pelvis forward

  • Bring your leg back

The extension of the hip is limited by the stress placed on the iliofemoral ligament, also called ligament of Bertin.

cable back kicks glutes anatom iliofemoral ligament

This exercise works mainly gluteus maximus and a little bit of hamstrings with the exception of biceps femoris short head.

This exercise allows you to develop shapely legs while increasing muscle tone to your gluteals.

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-Steph

Knee Instability

knee anatomy

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

When the knee extended, external and internal lateral ligaments stretched and prevent rotation of the joint. Standing on one foot, knee wedged in extension, which means that there is no need for muscle action to stabilize the joint.

knee anatomy extension flexion

When the knee flexed, external and internal lateral ligaments relaxed. In this position, the joint only stabilized by the action of the muscles.

knee anatomy meniscus

In flexion-rotation of knee, meniscus moves forward on the side of rotation If the extension of the articulation which follow is poorly controlled, it may happen that meniscus doesn’t back in its place quickly enough. In this case, meniscus pinched between condyles and there may be a meniscal lesion. If during pinching, a small piece of meniscus has been cut, a surgical operation may be necessary to remove it.

knee anatomy meniscus ligament

During asymmetical exercise such as lunges (lunges and dumbbell lunges), it’s important to preserve the knee joint to control movement in speed and straightness to avoid any injuries.

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-Steph

High Calf And Low Calf

high calf low

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

I think you noticed that there are big differences in the shape of the calves. These morphological variations are due to the evolutionary adaptations to the climate that occurred during the first human migrations.

It’s common to see African blacks peoples with proportionally long legs with a sagging plantar arch of the foot (flat foot) and a long calcaneus. This bone conformation of the leg and foot provides excellent leverage in the ankle and minimal triceps surae muscle (calf muscle is short, thin and high with a long tendon) for powerful extension of feet to walk.

It’s common the see Nordic people with short legs with a pronounced plantar arch of the foot and a short calcaneus. This bone conformation of the leg and foot requires a massive and uneconomic triceps surae muscle who get down very low to do an extension of feet to walk.

high calf low anatomy

This type of massive and long calf is actually an adaptation to cold climates to keep body heat. This prevents legs from cooling too much during the freezing cold to prevent amputation of the legs. These massive and long calves are seen as aesthetic (bodybuilding competition) but they’re less suitable for running and more vulnerable to muscle tears.

Massive and long calves requires more and careful warm-up and it’s important to do stretching exercises before and after an intensive workout of calves.

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-Steph

Seated Barbell Calf Raises

seated barbell calf raises

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

seated barbell calf raises

Sitting on a bench with a step under your forefeet. The barbell placed on the bottom of your thighs.

  • Do an extension of your feet

This exercise works mainly soleus. This muscle is part of the triceps surae and inserted above the knee’s joint, on tibia and fibula. It attached below to the calcaneus by the Achilles tendon. This muscle has the function of extending the ankles. The difference with the seated calf raises machine is that you can’t work with heavyweights. To have better results, it’s advisable to work with sets of 15 to 20 reps minimum.

Attention

If you have pain on thigh because of the barbell, you can use a towel or barbell pad.

Variant

You can do this exercise with the barbell without weights (the Olympic barbell weighs 20kg/44lbs) on a bench. In this case, it’s necessary to do sets with a lot of reps until the burning sensation,

triceps soleus muscles

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-Steph

One Leg Toe Raises

one leg raises

I read a Frederic Delavier’s book « Strength Training Anatomy » and I learned good stuff.

one leg raises

Standing on one leg with your forefeet on a step. One hand holds a dumbbell and the other is placed on a support to have a better balance :

  • Do an extension of the foot keeping your knee joint in extension of slightly bent.

This exercise works triceps surae (composed of 2 gastrocnemius and soleus). It’s important to do each repetition with full flexion of the feet to really stretch the triceps surae. Only high set until the burning sensation give good results.

one leg raises anatomy

Note

For some people, triceps surae don’t gain volume bit it is gaining strength. Low calves (gastrocnemius and soleus go very down) will easily gain volume. High calves will gain a little volume.

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-Steph