Manage Your Carbohydrate

carbohydrate source food

What’s up ? This is THE stephane ANDRE !!! I watched a Jamcore DZ’s video  and I learned some good stuff.

If you want to learn how to manage your protein, click here and for amino acids, click here.

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body. It’s true that we can have energy with proteins and lipids but they provide less quantity of energy.

To put it simply, when you eat carbohyrates, they turn into glucose and then into glycogen. To better understand, I’ll take the example of a gasoline tank. Imagine that the tank is a muscle and that the gasoline is glycogen. Gasoline in the tank helps move the car and glycogen in the muscle helps move your body.

This glycogen is shared in many places in your body : 80% in your muscles, 14% in your liver and 6% in your blood.

Carbohydrate type

 

Most people know 2 types of carbohydrates, slow carbohydrates and simple carbohydrates. There is a 3rd type, it’s fibrous carbohydrate and unfortunately many people neglect them.

Slow carbohydrates :

  • Whole wheat bread / white bread (refined carbohydrate)

  • Whole wheat rice / white rice (refined carbohydrate)

  • Oatmeal

  • Cereals (muelsi is excellent because there are often lipids and carbohydrates that are added like nuts, raisins, etc. ).

  • Sweet potato / potato

  • Whole wheat pasta / white pasta (refined carbohydrate)

  • Kinoa

  • Couscous

Simple carbohydrates :

  • Fruit (fructose)

  • Honey

  • Dextrose

  • Maltodextrin

  • Lactose (it’s sugar in the milk)

  • Cluster dextrin (it’s perfect during your training session because it has a low glycemic index).

Fibrous carbohydrates (vitamin, fiber et minerals) :

  • Vegetables (aspargus, carrot, cauliflower, salad, etc)

Carbohydrate, insulin and insulin spike

insulin spike blood sugar

There is a special relationship between carbohydrates and insulin. When you eat carbohydrates, they turn into glucose, which is a type of sugar, and then glucose is turned into glycogen. Glucose is managed by insulin. Insulin is a hormone created by the pancreas. The insulin’s role is to manage the sugar’s level in the blood. This avoids having too much sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia) or not enough sugar in the blood (hypoglycemia).

The problem is that the majority of people eat any type of carbohydrate anyway and they may quickly get a lot of fat. It’s important to understand that each carbohydrate has a different gylcemic index and this glycemic index will cause different insulin spikes.

Glycemic index

A glycemic index indicates how quickly carbohydrates become glucose in the blood. It’s for this reason that it’s recommended to eat carbohydrate with a low glycemic index rather than those with a high glycemic index.

Carbohydrates with low glycemic index  :

  • Sweet potato

  • Oatmeal

  • Kinoa

  • Sugar free fruit juice

  • Whole wheat rice

  • Whole wheat bread

  • Whole wheat pasta

  • Fruits (apple, orange, cherry, pear, apricot)

  • Cluster dextrin (for your training session)

 

Carbohydrate with high glycemic index :

  • Potato

  • Couscous

  • Table sugar

  • White rice

  • White bread

  • White pasta

  • Cereal (Kellog, Nestle, etc.)

  • Dextrose

  • Sweet drink (soda)

  • Fruit (melon, watermelon)

Here is an exemple of low glycemic index carbohydrates to eat. For high glycemic carbohydrates, it’s recommended to eat them in moderation because if you eat them in large quantities, after several years, you have the risk to becoming diabetic or having other health problems.

Consumption

Always take into consideration your bodyweight and your training’s intensity. There 2 bad situations :

  1. Have a not very intense training and eat too much carbohydrates, which results in having too much fat in the body.

  2. Have intense training and eat a little carbohydrate, which results in being weak.

Take for example :

  • A man who weighs 85kg and is a beginner. In this case, it’s recommended to start with 3.5gr per kilo of bodyweight so 3.5 x 85 = 297.5gr of carbohydrates to eat a day.

  • A man who weighs 85kg and who is advanced or pro. In this case, it’s 5gr per kilo of bodyweight so 5 x 85 = 425gr of carbohydrates to eat a day. As an advanced person, the training sessions are really intense, that’s why you need this amount of energy.

  • A man who weighs 85kg and who wants to be shredded. Let things be clear, it’s being shredded and not losing weight. In this case is between 1.2 ans 2.5gr per kilo of bodyweight so it’s between 102 and 212.5gr of carbohydrates to eat per day.

The carbohydrates amount to eat is to be divided into 4-5 meals a day for ease of digestion. Each meal is balanced in carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.

To be shredded

shredded lean lose weight vs versus

Let things be clear, be shredded isn’t a weight loss. In this situation, leptin must be taken into consideration. Leptin is a hormone that regulates your appetite. When you start to lower your glucides, leptin will aslo decrease and you’ll be hungry. These feelings of hunger are created because of ghrelin. Ghrelin is a hormone called « hormone hunger » because it stimulates the appetite. Ghrelin also affects your insulin and testosterone.

This means that people who too quicly decrease their carbohydrates will fail because the lack of energy will be too brutal. The feeing of hunger will be too intense because the body has not had time to get used to the new diet. This is where nutrition is out of control.

Never reduce carbohydrate to 0. The people who do that, make a diet ketogenic and you have to master this type of diet. The professional bodybuilder is doing this diet for 4 weeks, but they can do that because of chemical aid (steroids) and they have a dietician. The problem is that those who aren’t professional athletes and who are on a ketogenic diet do that because someone told them it was good. That’s why in the gyms there are people who lose consciousness because they don’t have enough energy. You need 50 to 130 grams of carbohydrates, just for your brain, it’s not a simple diet to lose weight.

Subscribe to my newsletter and share this article if you think it can help someone you know. Thank you.

-Steph

P.S. If you’re in Miami and you like Caribbean food, go to my cousin’s bistro to eat Haitian food, click here.

Fruits are bad for our body ?

fruits

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and there is good stuff.

Most of fruits comes from trees, it’s for this reason they’re healthy foods. But they’re also composed of sugar and sugar is a bad new for our body. Let’s see.

Healthy

healthy

Fruits and vegetables are planet’s plants that are full of vitamins, minerals, antioxidant and even more.

Fruits are also composed of sugar that is why we’ll enter in the sugar’s science.

A fruit can have a combination of different sugar’s type :e sucre :

  • Fructose

  • Glucose

  • Sucrose (a combination of fructose and glucose)

This combination of sugar that grow with the fruit have a different effect in our body than processed sugar and high-fructose corn syrup.

The difference is fruit’s sugar has fibers and these fibers help our body to slow absorption of sugar in our blood system .

Fruits have a lot of things good for our body and eat them for snack or before a training is excellent.

Fruits can also be part of our healthy meals each day.

Caution

caution

When a person changes diet, an old unhealthy diet with a lot of calories and sugar for a new healthy diet with a lot of proteins and plants, this person may feel lost. Since our bodies have been sugar-dependent easily because of food industry, we must be careful.

When we want sugar, we should think to a fruit rather than a candy. By this way, we give a signal to our brain « Yeah sugar ».

On the other hand to not slow down your weight loss process, don’t eat more than 1000 calories of fruits per day. Burn more calories than you consume is the most important part to lose weight.

Since than food industry put a ton of sugar in fruits, we must be careful to not become sugar addicts. Eat fruits in moderation.

Fruit juice

fruit juice supermarket

I show you the scam ! It’s sugar water (apple juice, orange juice, grape juice, etc.). When fruits are squeezed in factories, there is all sugars but not fibers. And they add preservatives, another type of sugar for flavor and a lot of others ingredients. The scam is that food industry try to make us believe that is healthy fruit juices.

Here, 4 fruit juices, the most popular with the typical amount of sugar inside :

  • Orange juice – 21g of sugar
  • Apple juice – 28g of sugar
  • Cranberry juice – 37g of sugar
  • Grap juice – 38g of sugar

Make a comparison, a 33cl (12oz) of Coke contains 49g of sugar. These numbers are interesting, right ? Do you see the scam ?

Dried fruits

dried fruit

Dried fruits keep healthy vitamins and healthy minerals from fresh fruits and it’s very convenient to carry. It’s convenient for snacks but you have to eat if really with moderation.

We can eat a huge amount of dried fruits because they’re dehydrated then they take less space in the stomac than fresh fruits. The results is than we can have an overconsumption of sugar and calories very quickly.

A tiny handful (a small quarter of cup) of dried grape = 130 calories and 30g of sugar.

Tips

Eat dried fruits to a limited amount and avoid fruit juice unless you squeeze it yourself.

If you’re healthy, continue to eat fruits like you do if it works.

If it’s hard to lose weight and you eat a lot of fruits in your diet, increase your consumption of healthy lipid, protein, vegetable and decrease your consumption of fruits.

If you want to lose weight, eat real fruits in moderation and rarely dried fruits and canned fruits.

I know you’re smart then appreciate fruits and be aware of what you eat.

What is your favorite fruit and what is the fruit you eat in large quantities easily ?

-Steph

P.S. Do you want a free training program ? Click here 

Smartphone apps :

To track my calories, I use MyFitnessPal 

To track my training program, I use Jefit 

P90X, Insanity, Weight Watchers, Shakology And Nutrisystem (part 2)

diet plan

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and there is good stuff.

There is more than 1 million fitness product and diet system. This is what I think of certain.

Shakeology

shakeology

Replace one of your meal each day with a shake. Shakeology’s shake pretend have « 70 nutritious ingredients to help to detox and protect the body of free radical damage and help against food carving and help to have a healthy libido » ».

Advantages

Like Nutrisystem and Weight Watchers, Shakeology is simple. Replace a meal with a shake and lose weight. I didn’t try but people say it taste good and it has a good source of protein and a nice amount of protein per shake with a little sugar.

If you travel, it’s easy to have a little shakeology’s powder to drink it to replace a meal.

Disadvantages

I don’t suprise people lose weight with this plan if they follow it exactly. They replace a meal (around 500-1000 calories) with a Shakeology’s shaker which is only 120-160 calories. It’s a reduction of caloric intake of 380-780 calories. Remember, just 500 calories less per day can have as result to lose 0.45kg (1lbs) per week.

For me, a meal of 120 calories is not good because you will be not satiated and not satisfied.

What happens when you don’t have Shakeology’s powder ou you don’t have acces to a blender or you’re traveling. Can you continue to consume the same amount of calories and maintain the same nutritious plan ?

Shakeology is good for people who want lose 4.5kg (10lbs) without changing lifestyle. It’s only for short term.

Juice cleanses

juice cleanses

Stop to eat and drink this juice during 3-10 days to detox your body and lose weight. There is a million of juice cleanses, the concept is to not eat and replace all meals by a juice of fruits or/and vegetables.

Advantages

Instead to eat food, you just going to drink liquid calories all day. Because you don’t eat a lot of carb and sodium ( because you don’t eat solid food), you can lose a huge amount of water. Losing water can cause weight loss but it’s temporary. It’s not like losing fat !

You will eat more fruits and vegetable than usual.

Disadvantages

I think during these 3 days where you will not eat foods, you will ve miserable. You will just drink some fruits/vegetabels juices instead meals. You will essentialy drink sweet water with fibers.

The most of weights you will lose during these 3 days will be water according to the amount of carbs, grains and sodium that you consume usually. This weight loss is false because it’s only water.

When you will eat solid foods, the weight will quickly return.

If you want to a detox, take some days to eat a lot of protein, spinard, broccoli and cauliflower. If you want make real change in your life, read the next.

Exercice and diet

exercice diet

Instead to buy some powder’s shake, receive foods at home or replace solid foods by liquid, there is a philosophy named « Exercice and diet ».

No need to buy some weird stuff but it requires make changes in your lifestyle. The goal is to move more than stay seated and eat more real foods than processed foods.

Advantages

Every sytem talked before are solutions to short term. « Exercice and diet » is done to change the lifestyle for all life.

Instead to dramatically change how you eat and move during 3 months, you must change small things which will have long term results.

  • Rather to do exercice with a DVD during 90 minutes everydays, start with a walk,

  • Rather to count points or receive foods at home, study to cook and eat real foods.

  • Rather than being dependent on something to have success, be independent to have success.

« Exercice and diet » is the best to have long term results, to have results for life. If you’re traveling you know the different type of foods, you know how to eat healthy outside home. If you don’t have access to a blender or you can’t receive foods at home, you know how to cook a basic meal. If you can’t use a DVD player, you can do a complete bodyweight training session in a room or in a park.

« Exercice and diet » doesn’t ask you to spend a lot of money or buy fancy stuff or buy pre-prepared foods. It doesn’t ask you to have several hyper strict weeks and once it’s over, back to old habits. People make me laugh when I see them before summer, during summer and after summer. Rather that you have a new version of you (like updates) : healthy and happy !

Disadvantages

The big « Exercice and diet » disadvantages is that requires commitment and changes. No shake, no foods receive at home, no DVD but instead you must take of your health.

There is also another challenge to have long term change in your diet. Eat cookies, cakes and muffins are bad for you. You need to change this to see results.

It’s simple to learn but difficult to apply for people who search short term results. Everybody know we need to do more exercices and stop to eat junk foods but we can’t force our brain to do this. It’s for this reason we need to educate ourselves about willpower.

Results aren’t instantaneous like a click. « Exercice and diet » results can often take several months of change before seeing solid results.

Did you have some experiences with others programs or diet system ?

-Steph

P.S : Do you want a free training program ? Click here

Drinking Water But How Much

drink water

I read a Nerd Fitness article  and I wanted to share this with you.

As you know we have to drink water to stay hydrated but how much ?

8 glasses of water per day

8 glasses of water

Water is good for you. A big part of your body is composed of water and you lose your fluids with your bodily functions (sweat, urine, etc.). Drinking water helps you to restore your fluid reserves.

Drink 8 glasses of water a day isn’t a rule. The truth is that there is no real evidence that this is the right amount.

We are all unique and we need different amounts of water ! A person who exercises regularly will need more water than a person doing less exercise regularly. There is not a single amount that works for all of the world.

Where did this figure of « 8 glasses of water a day ». Nobody knows. According to Snopes

Back in 1945 the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Research Council stated that adults should take in about 2.5 liters of water per day (which is roughly the equivalent of eight glasses of water), but it also noted most of that intake level was already satisfied through the consumption of food without the need for the additional drinking of water.

It’s true that you consume a significant amount of water in your food. A large percentage of our body is made of water, a large percentage of the planet is made of water and it’s the same thing for food. (Fruits, vegetables, meat).

There is also something else to drink such as tea, coffee, milk, juice and alcohol.

How much water

how much water

Honestly ? Drink when you’re thirsty, it’s simple. Thirst is an excellent indicator of when you should drink more water. You think cats, dogs, elephants are concerned about whether they are hydrated. No ! They drink water when their body thirst.

If you are one of those who need more information, you can look at your urine’s color. With this chart  according to of your urine’s color, you will know your hydration’s level.

Now, what are the dehydration’s signs according to the National Institute of Health (USA) :

  • A feeling of thirst

  • Dry or sticky mouth

  • Low production of urine or the urine is dark yellow

  • Sunken eyes

  • Lethargy

Yes, severe dehydration can create big problems, even coma.

Now you’ll tell me : « If I feel thirsty, it’s too late, I’m already dehydrated ! ». You’re right, this is why you must drink water.

Coffee

cofee

There is the myth that drinking coffee dehydrates. It’s true that drinking caffeinated beverages expel more water than you consume. Caffeine is a mild diuretic but the body is very smart and because all drinks are composed almost entirely of water, it compensates the effects.

This is explained in this study 

Ingestion of caffeine in large doses (at least 250-300 mg, equivalent to the amount found in 2-3 cups of coffee or 5-8 cups of tea) results in a short-term stimulation of urine output in individuals who have been deprived of caffeine for a period of days or weeks. A profound tolerance to the diuretic and other effects of caffeine develops, however, and the actions are much diminished in individuals who regularly consume tea or coffee. Doses of caffeine equivalent to the amount normally found in standard servings of tea, coffee and carbonated soft drinks appear to have no diuretic action.

Alcohol

Same thing. Alcohol has diuretic properties. Alcohol causes dehydration when it is consumed beyond the recommended levels.

What to do

what to do

Water allows you to keep functional properties of your body so drink water when you have a feeling of thirst. Drink water before a meal can help you to avoid overeating. If it works for you, continue.

  • Drink when you have a feeling of thirst

  • If your urine is a darker color than the normal color, drink more water. If your urine is a brighter color than the normal color, drink less water.

  • Stop stressing about your dehydration intellectually

Do you have other questions about water ?

-Steph

Alcohol And Sports

alcohol Sport

10 beers = 2 training days lost ! I discovered new information that I want to share with you because it’s really important.

Alcohol and testosterone

alcohol Sport

A study was done for 3 weeks with people who drank three beers a day. The result is that testosterone rate decline of 6.8 %. It’s not extraordinary but drink 3 beers per day is an important dosage.

The conclusion is that drink a beer per day or 2-3 beers in the weekend has almost no effect on testosterone rate.

Another study was done on one day with people who drank 10 beers (the party). The result is that testosterone rate decrease of 23 % for 16 hours (it’s long) ! This means that if you’re going after a workout to party, your workout for the day is lost because you will not be recovered. Why ? Because you lack of a lot of testosterone and you have an increase of cortisol, which is a catabolic hormone. There is a problem !

The studies links :

Study 1

Study 2

Alcohol and progression

alcohol Sport

These 2 studies have shown us that drink a small amount / moderate, no worries and excessive, problem. But it’s not just alcohol, it’s everything that goes with it.

Usually you start drinking in the evening so you go to bed late. And when you drink alcohol, you eat badly, too fat, too sweet, pizza, cookies (junk food). In addition, often you mix alcohol with soft drinks (soda or fruit juice). Soft drinks brings a lot of calories with calories from alcohol. You know that 1 gram of alcohol is 7kcal ! That’s more calories than carbohydrates, so it’s been a lot of calories.

Besides some not strong alcohol such as red wine, alcohol is empty calories as white sugar ! it doesn’t bring anything to the body and finally, it dehydrates. In summary, it causes increased fatigue, poor diet and dehydration, making poor recovery.

The training you did during the day is lost and you lose also the next day if you drank 10 beers, you had a bad meal, slept badly, poorly recovered and you’re not in shape. In addition if you drink until 5-6 am and you traine early in the afternoon, there is a good chance you’re still half drunk and you risk to do something wrong (poor concentration, poor technique, fatigue, dehydration), which increases the risk of injury.

1 night of excessive alcohol = 2 days of lost training

I saw this info 1 month ago and I can tell you that it made me think. All times I’ve been drinking rum (sometimes I vomit) and I went to train in half drunk thinking that it will make me clean faster (when I could because sometime , hahahhha). This is serious, to do simpler when I know it’s a crazy party, I don’t train for two days (saturday-sunday) and you’re going to do what ?

-Steph